2017年4月15日 星期六

artisan, artisanal, antithesis, antithetical, syncopate, noirish, noir, pinto, champagne, funky, moldy, moldiness

Audio Slide Show: A New Breed in California Pinots
Eric Asimov discusses a small rebellion taking place in California. Related Article

Gustave Flaubert reportedly once said that he wrote his novels to resemble a particular color. “In ‘Madame Bovary,’ ” he remarked, “all I was after was to render a special tone, that color of the moldiness of a wood-louse’s existence.” He may well have achieved that with his depiction of illusory love in his novel.

These are momentous days for sliced bread, at least in France. The land of the long crusty baguette boasts more artisanal bakers supplying freshly cooked loaves than any other country in Europe. Yet sales of pre-cut bread, wrapped in cellophane and twist-tied with plastic fasteners, are booming. The market in packaged bread in France is now worth over €500m ($560m) a year http://econ.st/1J8OyY

This new breed of posh marshmallow was never intended for the campfire, but they will leave you wanting s'more.

And they make Willy Wonka's fantastical creations look feeble

The city is getting hip with noirish dive bars and kitschy cafes.
Touch of Film Noir in Fujitsu Drama
When Japanese executives are forced out of their companies, they usually go quietly. Kuniaki Nozoe has stunned Japan by challenging his ouster as president of Fujitsu.

As Thomas writes, Google is the antithesis of Microsoft. Where Microsoft is closed, Google is open. Where Microsoft is limiting, Google is expansive. Where Microsoft is desktop, Google is the Web.

Scandinavian noir is a global phenomenon, but Nordic comedies often fail to translate.

The team quickly created an outdoor flying drone light show syncopated to a live orchestra.

(nwär) pronunciation

  1. Of or relating to the film noir genre.
  2. Of or relating to a genre of crime literature featuring tough, cynical characters and bleak settings.
  3. Suggestive of danger or violence.
[Short for FILM NOIR + Sense 2, short for French roman noir, black novel.]
noirish noir'ish adj.


Pronunciation: /ˈməʊldi/
(US moldy)
Translate mouldy | into French | into German | into Italian | into Spanish

adjective (mouldier, mouldiest; US moldier, moldiest)

  • 1covered with a fungal growth which causes decay, due to age or damp conditions:mouldy bread
  • 2 informal tediously old-fashioned:mouldy conventions
  • chiefly British dull or depressing:evenings filled with mouldy old shows





By MATT GROSS In this beguiling Pacific Northwest city of artisanal cafes, offbeat museums, funky neighborhoods and food carts from every corner of the world, the good life comes cheap.

Buy Poster at AllPosters.com
View Poster
When wine goes through a second fermentation, it develops bubbles; the sparkling wine that is made from pinot noir grapes grown in France's Champagne region is called... champagne. The 17-century Benedictine monk, Dom Pierre Pérignon, developed a way to blend the wine, choosing to store it bottles, rather than casks. This created more bubbles and there was a constant danger of bursting bottles, so Dom Pérignon used a cork which was secured to the bottle with a wire thread. Lawrence Welk, born on this date in 1903, was a band leader and accordionist. The music he favored was so light and bubbly it was compared to champagne and the tag "champagne music" stuck. While Welk's band played big-band era pop songs and polkas, bubbles floated gently over the singers and dancers on stage.

Regardless of the stability that Burgundy is able to achieve, absolute consistency will never be possible. It’s antithetical to the nature of the pinot noir grape, which is proverbially fickle and troublesome to grow, and to the nature of artisanal winemaking, which takes as a matter of romantic faith that greatness only comes with risks.

noun [C] plural antitheses
the exact opposite:
She is slim and shy - the very antithesis of her sister.
He is the exact antithesis of what I find attractive in men.
Thanks to the collapse of communism the political antithesis between Left and Right is less important.

adjective (ALSO antithetic) FORMAL
antithetical views pi·not ('nō, pē-nō') pronunciation

有人稱我是一個“抬槓批評家”(antithetical critic),我想,或許還有些道理


  1. 1.
    directly opposed or contrasted; mutually incompatible.

    "people whose religious beliefs are antithetical to mine"

    synonyms:(directly) opposed to, contrary to, contradictory to, conflicting with, incompatible with, irreconcilable with, inconsistent with, at variance with, at odds with, contrasting with, different from/to, differing from, divergent from, unlikeMore
  2. 2.
    connected with, containing, or using the rhetorical device of antithesis.

    "when praising the government, Pyrocles invokes the familiar oxymoronic and antithetical mode"

  1. Any of several related white or red grapes chiefly grown on the West Coast and in France.
  2. A white or red wine made from these grapes.
[French, variant of pineau, diminutive of pin, pine tree (from the shape of the clusters of grapes), from Latin pīnus.]

Pinot noir ("PEE-no NWAR") is a red wine grape variety of the species Vitis vinifera.

Wikipedia article "Pinot noir".


(är'tĭ-zən, -sən) pronunciation
A skilled manual worker; a craftsperson.
[Probably French, from Italian artigiano, from Vulgar Latin *artitiānus, from Latin artītus, skilled in the arts, past participle of artīre, to instruct in the arts, from ars, art-, art.]
artisanal cheese/winemaking 等等


ar • ti • san
ɑ'ːrtəzən | ɑ`ːtizǽn

artisans (複数形)
[名](特に伝統工芸などの)職人, 技工. ⇒ARTIST 1

  1. relating to or characteristic of an artisan.
    "artisanal skills"
    • (of a product, especially food or drink) made in a traditional or non-mechanized way.
      "artisanal cheeses"

Next Stop

This northern Italian city along the Po River, has been transformed from a nondescript industrial city into a cosmopolitan center of artisanal food and modern design.

Proof: The Pursuit of Pure Spirit
An artisanal liquor producer in Oregon finds the right formula for making eau de vie from the essence of Douglas Fir trees.

adj., -i·er, -i·est.
Frightened; panicky.

funk·y2 (fŭng') pronunciation
adj., -i·er, -i·est.
    1. Having a moldy or musty smell: funky cheese; funky cellars.
    2. Having a strong, offensive, unwashed odor.
  1. Music.
    1. Of or relating to music that has an earthy quality reminiscent of the blues.
    2. Combining elements of jazz, blues, and soul and characterized by syncopated rhythm and a heavy, repetitive bass line.
  2. Slang. Earthy and uncomplicated; natural: “At the opposite end of Dallas's culinary spectrum is funky regional fare” (Jacqueline Friedrich).
  3. Slang.
    1. Characterized by originality and modishness; unconventional: “a bizarre, funky [hotel ] dressed up as a ship, with mock portholes and mirrored ceilings over the beds” (Ann Louise Bardach).
    2. Outlandishly vulgar or eccentric in a humorous or tongue-in-cheek manner; campy: “funky caricatures of sexpot glamour” (Pauline Kael).
[From funk, strong smell, tobacco smoke, perhaps from French dialectal funquer, to give off smoke, from Old French fungier, from Latin fūmigāre. See fumigate.]
funkiness funk'i·ness n.
WORD HISTORY When asked which words in the English language are the most difficult to define precisely, a lexicographer would surely mention funky. Linguist Geneva Smitherman has tried to capture the meaning of this word in Talkin and Testifyin: The Language of Black America, where she explains that funky means “[related to] the blue notes or blue mood created in jazz, blues, and soul music generally, down-to-earth soulfully expressed sounds; by extension [related to] the real nitty-gritty or fundamental essence of life, soul to the max.” The first recorded use of funky is in 1784 in a reference to musty, old, moldy cheese. Funky then developed the sense “smelling strong or bad” and could be used to describe body odor. The application of funky to jazz was explained in 1959 by one F. Newton in Jazz Scene: “Critics are on the search for something a little more like the old, original, passion-laden blues: the trade-name which has been suggested for it is ‘funky’ (literally: ‘smelly,’ i.e. symbolizing the return from the upper atmosphere to the physical, down-to-earth reality).”

Friedrich Nietzsche, Beyond Good and Evil:
他主要說形上學家固然知道『懷疑一切』這句話,不過他們的基本信仰是相信: the faith in antithetical values.p.16 , Penguine

antithetic, -ical[an・ti・thet・ic, -i・cal]

  • 発音記号[æ`ntəθétik, -ikəl]
1 (著しい)対照をなす;正反対の((to ...)). ⇒OPPOSITE[類語]
2 対照(法)の.
[副]対照的に, 正反対に.


Pronunciation: /ˈsɪŋkəpeɪt/ 


1(usually as adjective syncopated) Displace the beats or accents in (music or a rhythm) so that strong beats become weak and vice versa:syncopated dance music

2Shorten (a word) by dropping sounds or letters in the middle, as in symbology forsymbolology, or Gloster for Gloucester.



Pronunciation: /sɪŋkəˈpeɪʃ(ə)n/ 




Early 17th century: from late Latin syncopat- 'affected with syncope', from the verb syncopare'to swoon' (see syncope).

  1. [他動詞]
  2. 1 〔音楽〕 シンコペートする,切分音を置く.
  3. (1)〈強勢を〉通例,強勢のない拍に置く.
  4. (2)〈楽節・楽曲などに〉切分音を使う.
  5. 2 〔文法〕
  6. (1)〈語中音を〉消失させる. cf. SYNCOPE [名詞]1.
  7. (2)短縮[省略]する.
  8. [語源]