2016年5月16日 星期一

liberated, stranger, take umbrage, blistering criticism


The president took particular umbrage with a culture of willful ignorance, ridiculing leaders and commentators who reject science and facts. “And yet, we’ve become confused about this,” he said.


pronunciation

IN BRIEF: n. - Anyone who does not belong in the environment in which they are found More unfamiliar, unknown, odd, or extraordinary.

pronunciation No foreign sky protected me, no stranger's wing shielded my face. — Anna Akhmatova, Source: Requiem, composed mainly 1935-1940, Epigraph, composed 1961.


A significant defeat for the militants

His essay Le Mythe de Sisyphe (1942, tr. The Myth of Sisyphus, 1955) formulates his theory of the absurd and is the philosophical basis of his novel L'Étranger (1942, tr. The Stranger, 1946) and of his plays Le Malentendu (1944, tr. Cross Purpose, 1948) and Caligula (1944, tr. 1948).



umbrage in Catalonia

 Katrina Merrem and her husband, Noah Houghton, who started Noka three years ago in their Dallas-area apartment, took umbrage at the attack. They will not reveal the source of their chocolate, though most chocolatiers brag about that. Mr. Houghton said, "The couverture is made specially for us."


Daisy:Yes, they've really taken umbrage at the way these newcomers are behaving and the effect they're having on the village.
黛茜:是啊,本地人很不高興新來者的行為,以及他們對這條村的影響。

Andy Burnham has outlined proposals to phase out hospital parking charges for in-patients and some out-patients which he says have caused "great resentment".

Google Responds To UK MP's Critical Column
Wall Street Journal
By John Letzing Google Inc. took umbrage with a blistering criticism of the Internet giant by a Conservative member of the UK's Parliament published Monday, ...




" 現代小說作家要釋放潛意識,選用題材有「性解放」的傾向,卡繆 Camus, Albert (1913-60)寫的《異鄉人》,男主角聽到他的母親死了,他的反應是去和女朋友做愛,一時奉為經典。"
異邦人』(: L'Étranger)は、アルベール・カミュ小説1942年刊。人間社会に存在する不条理について書かれている。カミュの代表作の一つとして数えられる。カミュが46歳の若さでノーベル文学賞を受賞したのは、この作品によるところが大きいと言われる。
主人公の「太陽のせい」というセリフが有名。邦訳としては、新潮文庫版の窪田啓作訳が広く知られ、冒頭一行目の「きょう、ママンが死んだ。」という訳も有名。

異鄉人》(原名:L'Étranger)為阿爾貝·加繆所著的小說。發行於1942年,是作者第一部廣受注意之作。作品通篇在於描寫人類社會中的荒謬
小說中,主人公被法官問及殺人理由時的回答──「是太陽的錯」,為著名台詞。

[編輯] 綱要

生活在阿爾及利亞首都阿爾及爾的 主人公莫梭收到一封來自養老院的的僕電——他的母親死了。在母親的葬禮上莫梭沒有流露出特別的感情,之後又繼續著與從前一般無二的生活,直到被捲入朋友的 麻煩事,槍殺了一個阿拉伯人。被審判的莫梭表現得滿不在乎,當被問到殺人動機時,他回答:「因為太陽太晃眼了」,期待著在人們的咒罵聲中面對行刑。

[編輯] 電影版

1967年在義大利被拍攝成電影。電影名為《異鄉人》。(義大利語原名:Lo straniero)
該片導演盧奇諾•維斯康蒂是導演了《郵差總按兩次鈴》、《豹》、《詛咒》、《魂斷威尼斯》等片的義大利名匠。製片人迪諾•德•勞倫提斯。出演者馬賽羅•馬斯楚安尼安娜•卡裡娜等。


While some have taken umbrage at the idea of designing shoes for a specific ethnic group, others take this all less seriously.

umbrage 
noun SLIGHTLY FORMAL
take umbrage to feel upset or annoyed, usually because you feel that someone has been rude or shown a lack of respect to you:
You don't think she'll take umbrage if she isn't invited to the wedding, do you?

Take umbrage
Meaning
To be displeased or offended by the actions of others.
Origin
There doesn't seem to much we can do with umbrage other than to take it, i.e. become displeased - the word is no longer used in any other context. What is umbrage exactly? It sounds like some form of distasteful patent medicine.


這umbrage 注意讀音。它原拉丁是「陰影」意思,不過現在多這樣使用(字義演進可參考諸如Phrases and sayings):


umbrage noun SLIGHTLY FORMAL


take umbrage to feel upset or annoyed, usually because you feel that someone has been rude or shown a lack of respect to you: 生氣
You don't think she'll take umbrage if she isn't invited to the wedding, do you?

(from Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary)

It is not a surprise that an acquaintance will take umbrage at a rude remark made carelessly.----



um•brage (ŭm'brĭj)
n.
1. Offense; resentment: took umbrage at their rudeness.
2.
a. Something that affords shade.
b. Shadow or shade. See synonyms at shade.
3. A vague or indistinct indication; a hint.

[Middle English, shade, from Old French, from Latin umbrāticum, neuter of umbrāticus, of shade, from umbra, shadow.]

(The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition Copyright © 2007, 2000)



strange (NOT FAMILIAR) Show phonetics
adjective
not known or familiar:
I don't usually accept lifts from strange men.
With so many strange faces around her, the baby started to cry.
I've never been here before either, so it's all strange to me too.

strangeness Show phonetics
noun [U]
She was struck by the strangeness of her surroundings.

stranger Show phonetics
noun [C]
1 someone whom you do not know:
My mother always warned me not to talk to strangers.
I'd never met anyone at the party before - they were complete strangers.
NOTE: Do not confuse with foreigner (= a person from another country).

2 A stranger in a particular place is someone who has never been there before:
Do you know the way to St Peter's church or are you a stranger here too?
n.
  1. One who is neither a friend nor an acquaintance.
  2. A foreigner, newcomer, or outsider.
  3. One who is unaccustomed to or unacquainted with something specified; a novice: a stranger to our language; no stranger to hardship.
  4. A visitor or guest.
  5. Law. One that is neither privy nor party to a title, act, or contract.
[Middle English, from Old French estrangier, from estrange, strange. See strange.]







liberate Line breaks: lib¦er|ate
Pronunciation: /ˈlɪbəreɪt/





Definition of liberate in English:

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
1Set (someone) free from imprisonmentslavery, or oppression:the serfs had been liberated
1.1Free (a place or people) from enemy occupation: 解放twelve months earlier Paris had been liberated
1.2Release (someone) from a situation which limits freedom of thought or behaviour:she is liberated from the constraints of an unhappy marriage(as adjective liberatingthe arts can have a liberating effect on people
1.3Free (someone) from social conventions, especially those concerned with accepted sexual roles:ways of working politically that liberate women
2Chemistry & Physics Release (gas, energy, etc.) as a result of chemical reaction or physicaldecomposition:the energy liberated by the annihilation of matter is huge
3informal Steal (something):the drummer’s wearing a beret he’s liberated from Lord knows where





Origin

Late 16th century: from Latin liberat- 'freed', from the verb liberare, from liber 'free'.

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