2016年4月20日 星期三

allow, disallow, offside, virtue, declare, shower

Five members of the Class of 2018 declared the College’s newest concentration, Theater, Dance, and Media, as their primary academic focus by Thursday night’s deadline to submit plans of study, according to Deborah D. Foster, the program’s Director of Undergraduate Studies.


As the department’s inaugural class, the five sophomores will have the…
THECRIMSON.COM

 A Chinese Virtue Is Now the Law

That the government enacted a law aimed at compelling adult children to visit their parents is another sign of the monumental changes sweeping through Chinese society.

Google Apps deal disallowed by Swedish data regulator
PCWorld
The Swedish Data Inspection Board has for a second time disallowed an agreement that a local municipality wants to sign with Google regarding the use of its hosted Apps package. The agreement does not comply with the rules in Sweden's Personal Data ...


Definition of virtue
noun

  • 1behavior showing high moral standards:paragons of virtue
  • a quality considered morally good or desirable in a person:patience is a virtue
  • a good or useful quality of a thing:Mike was extolling the virtues of the car there’s no virtue in suffering in silence
  • archaic virginity or chastity, especially of a woman.
  • 2 (virtues) (in traditional Christian angelology) the seventh highest order of the ninefold celestial hierarchy.

Phrases





by (or in) virtue of

because or as a result of.




make a virtue of

derive benefit or advantage from submitting to (an unwelcome obligation or unavoidable circumstance).

Derivatives





virtueless

adjective

Definition of offside



adjective &adverb

Pronunciation: /ɒfˈsʌɪd/
  • (of a player in some sports) occupying a position on the field where playing the ball or puck is not allowed, especially (in soccer) in the attacking half ahead of the ball and having fewer than two defenders nearer the goal line at the moment the ball is played: [as adverb]:the attacker looked offside by several yards figurativehis radicalism caught him offside with the law

noun

  • 1the fact or an instance of being offside in soccer, rugby, etc.:the goal was disallowed for offside
  • 2 (usually the off side) British the side of a vehicle furthest from the kerb (in Britain, the right): [as modifier]:the rear offside wheelCompare with nearside.See also off side at off (sense 1 of the noun).
  • the right side of a horse.


    [名]
    1 [U]《スポーツ》オフサイド.
    2 ((the 〜))((主に英))(馬車・自動車の)右側;((英))道路の中央側(⇔nearside)
    an offside lane
    追い越し車線.
    ━━[形][副]
    1 《スポーツ》オフサイドの[に].
    2 低俗な, いかがわしい, 怪しげな
    an offside remark
    きわどい言葉.


allow 

Pronunciation: /əˈlaʊ/ 


VERB

[WITH OBJECT]
1Let (someone) have or do something:[WITH OBJECT AND INFINITIVE]: the dissident was allowed to leave the country[WITH TWO OBJECTS]: she was allowed a higher profile
1.1[WITH OBJECT AND ADVERBIAL OF DIRECTION] Let (someone) enter a place or go in a particular direction:the river was patrolled and few people were allowed across
1.2Declare or decide that (an event or activity) is legal or acceptable:political advertising on television is not allowed
2Give the necessary time or opportunity for:they agreed to a ceasefire to allow talks with the government[WITH OBJECT AND INFINITIVE]: he stopped to allow his eyes to adjust
2.1[NO OBJECT] (allow for) Make provision or provide scope for:the house was demolished to allow for road widening
2.2[NO OBJECT] (allow for) Take (something) into consideration when making plans or calculations:income rose by 11 per cent allowing for inflation
2.3Provide or set aside for a particular purpose:allow an hour or so for driving
3[REPORTING VERB] Admit the truth of; concede:[WITH CLAUSE]: he allowed that the penalty appeared too harsh for the crime[WITH DIRECT SPEECH]: ‘Could happen,’ she allowed indifferently
3.1[WITH CLAUSE] North American informal or dialect Be of the opinion; assert:Lincoln allowed that he himself could never support the man

Phrases


allow me

Said when making a polite request or offering help:please allow me to introduce myself‘Here, allow me,’ came a woman’s voice from behind him

Origin

Middle English (originally in the senses 'commend, sanction' and 'assign as a right'): from Old French alouer, from Latin allaudare 'to praise', reinforced by medieval Latin allocare 'to place' (see allocate).

  1. [他動詞]
  2. 1
  3. (1)〈行為などを〉許す;〈人に〉(…することを)許す,(…する)許可を与える((to do));〈人に〉…を許可する
    • Allow me.
    • ((話)) 私にさせてください(◆ドアを開けたりする際の表現)
  4. (2)((場所・方向の副詞(句)を伴って)) 〈人に〉(…に)いる[入る,出る]ことを許す(◆to come,to go などの不定詞の省略から)
    • Dogs are not allowed here.
    • ここに犬を連れ込むことは許されない
  5. [類語]
    allow 人が何かをすることを邪魔せず,いっさい任せる.
    permit 正式のまたは暗黙の同意・許可を与える
    • Smoking is permitted.
    • タバコを吸っても構いません.
    let allow,permit のいずれにも相応するくだけた会話的な語
  6. 2 〈人に〉…を与える,支給する
    • allow a person 0 for expenses
    • 費用として100ドル支給する
  7. 3 〈人・物などを〉(うっかりして)…するままにしておく,(構わずに)…させる,…するに任せる((to do))
    • allow a door to remain open
    • うっかり戸をあけたままにしておく
    • can't allow her to do such a stupid thing.
    • 彼女がそんなばかなことをするのをほっとくわけにはいかない.
  8. 4 〈要求・陳述・証拠などを〉認める,容認する;〈…だと〉認める((that 節))
    • allow a claim
    • 要求を認めてやる
  9. 5 (…のために)(増減を見越して)〈時間・経費などを〉加減する,余分に取っておく;(…を見越して)〈金額などを〉割引[割り増し]する((for ...))
    • allow an hour for changing trains
    • 乗り換えに1時間のゆとりをみておく
    • allow a gallon for leakage
    • 漏れ損も考えて1ガロン余裕をみておく
  10. 6 ((米方言)) …と言う,述べる;…と思う,主張する((that 節));…するつもりである((todo))
  11. 7 ((古))
  12. (1)認可する.
  13. (2)賞賛する(praise).
  1. ━━ [自動詞]
  2. 1 〈物・事が〉(…を)許す,認める,(…の)余地がある((of ...))
    • allow of no delay
    • 一刻の猶予もできない.
  3. 2 ((方言)) 思う(think).
  1. allow for ...
    • (1)〈事情などを〉斟酌しんしゃくする,考慮する,余裕をみておく
    • (2)…の準備をする
      • You will have to allow for thirty guests.
      • 30人分のお客の用意をしなければならないだろう.
  1. allowing that
    • …であるとしても.
  2. [語源]
    1325年以前. 中期英語 alowen<アングロフランス語 al(l)o(u)er「置く,割り当てる,許す」,古期フランス語aloer「置く」<後期ラテン語 allocre; →AL-LOCUS;以前の意味「認可する,裁可する」および中期英語の意味「賞賛する」は,おそらくアングロフランス語の動詞を,中世ラテン語およびラテン語 adlaudre「賞賛する」を表すものと解釈したため;→AD-LAUD


disallow

Pronunciation: /dɪsəˈlaʊ/

Definition of disallow
verb

[with object]
  • refuse to declare valid:he was offside and the goal was disallowed

Derivatives





disallowance

noun

Origin:

late Middle English (in the sense 'disown, refuse to accept'): from Old French desalouer


overrule
  1. To disallow the action or arguments of, especially by virtue of higher authority: The defense attorney's objection was overruled by the judge.




HOWARD CHANG·2016年4月20日
哈利波特第一章裡一段電視新聞主播與氣象主播間的對話,其中 "allowed himself a grin" 的allow 用法頗為特別,為中文所無:大陸的翻譯是「新聞播音員說到這裡,咧嘴一笑。」把allow省略了。
"And finally, bird-watchers everywhere have reported that the nation's owls have been behaving very unusually today. Although owls normally hunt at night and are hardly ever seen in daylight, there have been hundreds of sightings of these birds flying in every direction since sunrise. Experts are unable to explain why the owls have suddenly changed their sleeping pattern." The newscaster allowed himself a grin. "Most mysterious. And now, over to Jim McGuffin with the weather. Going to be any more showers of owls tonight, Jim?" 
    "Well, Ted," said the weatherman, "I don't know about that, but it's not only the owls that have been acting oddly today. Viewers as far apart as Kent, Yorkshire, and Dundee  have been phoning in to tell me that instead of the rain I promised yesterday, they've had a downpour of shooting stars! Perhaps people have been celebrating Bonfire Night  early -- it's not until next week, folks! But I can promise a wet night tonight."


 The newscaster allowed himself a grin.
這"ALLOW", 在Concise Oxford Dictionary 有解釋:做些自己喜歡的事、indulge 等等。
中文可能也有類似的說法,"讓小的/自己....."自顧自地露齒而笑起來。"




shower 

Pronunciation: /ˈʃaʊə/ 


NOUN

1A brief and usually light fall of rain, hail, sleet, or snow:a day of sunny spells and scattered showers
1.1A mass of small things falling or moving at the same time:a shower of dust sprinkled his face
1.2A group of particles produced by a cosmic-ray particle in the earth’s atmosphere.
2A cubicle or bath in which a person stands under a spray of water to wash:all rooms have private shower and WC
2.1The apparatus in a shower that produces the spray of water:she turned off the shower and reached for a towel
2.2(US also shower bath)An act of washing oneself in a shower:she had a nice refreshing shower
3A large number of things happening or given at the same time:shower of awards
3.1[OFTEN WITH MODIFIER] North American A party at which presents are given to someone, typically a woman who is about to get married or have a baby:she loved going to baby showers
4[IN SINGULAR] British informal A group of people perceived as incompetent or worthless:look at this lot—what a shower!


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