X denied Y.
Denier // or den (abbreviated D), a unit of measure for the linear mass density of fibers, is defined as the mass in grams per 9000 meters. The denier is based on a natural reference: a single strand of silk is approximately one denier; a 9000-meter strand of silk weighs about one gram. The term denier comes from the French denier, a coin of small value (worth 1⁄12 of a sou). Applied to yarn, a denier was held to be equal in weight to 1⁄24 of an ounce. The term microdenier is used to describe filaments that weigh less than one gram per 9000 meters.
One can distinguish between filament and total measurements in deniers. Both are defined as above, but the first relates to a single filament of fiber — commonly known as denier per filament (DPF) — whereas the second relates to a yarn.
Broader terms such as 'fine' may be applied, either because the overall yarn is fine or because fibers within this yarn are thin. A 75-denier yarn would be considered fine even if it contains only a few fibers, such as thirty 2.5-denier fibers, but a heavier yarn, such as 150 denier, is only considered fine if its constituent fibers are individually as thin as one denier.
The following relationship applies to straight, uniform filaments:
- DPF = total denier / quantity of uniform filaments
The denier system of measurement is used on two- and single-filament fibers. Some common calculations are as follows:
|1 denier||= 1.181 grams per 9000 meters|
|= 0.13122 milligrams per meter|
In China, No Plans to Emulate West’s Waytr.v., -nied, -ny·ing, -nies.
BEIJING — China’s second-ranking Communist Party official issued a terse and complete disavowal of interest in Western-style democracy on Monday, saying that China would never adopt a multiparty political system, separation of powers, a bicameral legislature or an independent judiciary.
Taiwan temple loans fund million-dollar toilets
TAIPEI, Taiwan: A Taoist temple in southern Taiwan has put profits from a successful foray into the banking business toward an unusual building project — a public bathroom shaped like a trio of bamboo shoots.
Last year, the Tzenan Temple in Nantou county lent 600 New Taiwan dollars ($18) to 450,000 people without registering a single default — apparently because borrowers feared offending the temple's deity.
It put the interest on the loans toward construction of an elaborate restroom complex to serve worshippers.
The NT$40 million ($1.2 million) complex — described by temple staff as "five-star" — is in the shape of three bamboo shoots, Nantou's most important agricultural product. Their golden hue emulates the color of mature bamboo when it's sold in local markets.
Abbot Chuang Chiu-an said the project was made possible by the reluctance of borrowers to offend the temple's deity — the spirit of an ancient Chinese governor who rewarded subjects in line with the fealty they demonstrated to traditional virtues.
"No one would dare make a default to the deity and risk bad fortune," Chuang said.
He did not comment on the wave of failures undermining larger financial institutions, but did regret that the size of his temple's loan packages was limited by the current economic slowdown.
The Los Angeles Times leads with a look at how many are praising Countrywide's mortgage-modification program that is currently being implemented and could eventually save borrowers as much as $8.4 billion. At a time when the government is under increased pressure to do more to help distressed homeowners, some key officials and consumer advocates are pointing to Countrywide's effort as an example that other mortgage-servicing companies should emulate.
tr.v., -lat·ed, -lat·ing, -lates.
- To strive to equal or excel, especially through imitation: an older pupil whose accomplishments and style I emulated.
- To compete with successfully; approach or attain equality with.
- Computer Science. To imitate the function of (another system), as by modifications to hardware or software that allow the imitating system to accept the same data, execute the same programs, and achieve the same results as the imitated system.
adj. Obsolete. (-lĭt)
━━ vt. 競う, …と張り合う ((at)); 熱心に見習う; 【コンピュータ】模倣する, エミュレートする.
em・u・la・tive ━━ a.
em・u・la・tor ━━ n. 競争者; 見習う人; 【コンピュータ】エミュレータ ((ある機種用のプログラムを別の機種に解読・実行させるためのハードウェアやソフトウェア)).
verb [T] FORMAL
to copy something achieved by someone else and try to do it as well as they have:
They hope to emulate the success of other software companies.
Fitzgerald is keen to emulate Martin's record of three successive world titles.
noun [C or U] FORMAL
- Composed of or based on two legislative chambers or branches: a bicameral legislature.
- Medicine. Composed of or having two chambers, as an abscess divided by a septum.
- To declare untrue; contradict.
- To refuse to believe; reject.
- To refuse to recognize or acknowledge; disavow.
- To decline to grant or allow; refuse: deny the student's request; denied the prisoner food or water.
- To give a refusal to; turn down or away: The protesters were determined not to be denied.
- To restrain (oneself) especially from indulgence in pleasures.
[Middle English denien, from Old French denier, from Latin dēnegāre : dē-, de- + negāre, to say no.]
SYNONYMS deny, contradict, contravene, disaffirm, gainsay, negate, traverse. These verbs mean to refuse to admit the existence, truth, or value of: denied the rumor; contradicted the statement; contravene a conclusion; disaffirm a suggestion; trying to gainsay the evidence; negated the allegations; traverse an indictment.