2015年11月6日 星期五

denier, emulate, disavowal, disown, objectification, bicameral


It's one of the most memorable, weird, gross and resonant moments from The Return of the Jedi, and from Star Wars in general – andDisney is working to disavow it.


The scene from Return of the Jedi has made many – including Carrie Fisher – uncomfortable for years, but should Disney disown it completely?
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X denied Y.
或可用於冠亞軍之決賽


謝金河新增了 3 張新相片
看了這篇文章,我才知道台灣紡織業的真正實力!
拉高毛利率之後,我發現利勤毛利率49.46%,居然超過台積電的48.93%,聯發科的46.62%⋯⋯
加工絲10丹尼的單價幾乎是150丹尼的20倍,高毛利是來自技術領先!何先生的文章讓我領略很多!

1.「丹尼(D)」denier:例如9000公尺長的某纖維重7公克,那就是7丹尼。羊毛大約是15丹尼、蠶絲約1丹尼。一般來說丹尼數愈高,纖維愈粗。公制是Tex(號數)。總之就是重量。
引申來說,丹尼數高,彈性也愈好(粗的拉長變細時,恢復力比強)。所以像塑身衣或者襪子,就會強調丹尼數。

旦尼爾(定長制)[編輯]

旦尼爾(Denier),簡稱,舊寫作𥿝,定義是每9000公尺纖維重(1g/9000m)。若9000公尺的纖維重70克,記為70D。

特克士(定長制)[編輯]

特克士(Tex),簡稱,舊寫作糹 太[1]定義是每1000公尺的纖維重(1g/1000m)。若1000公尺的纖維重70克,記為70tex。常用的是decitex,縮寫為dtex。定義是每10000公尺的纖維重(1g/10000m)。若10000公尺的纖維重70克,記為70dtex。

英支(定重制)[編輯]

1支:單位重量(1磅)的紗線在公定回潮率時的長度為840碼的倍數。幾個840碼就是英制幾支紗。(常以Ne表示)。

Denier /ˈdɛnjər/ or den (abbreviated D), a unit of measure for the linear mass density of fibers, is defined as the mass in grams per 9000 meters.[1] The denier is based on a natural reference: a single strand of silk is approximately one denier; a 9000-meter strand of silk weighs about one gram. The term denier comes from the French denier, a coin of small value (worth 112 of a sou). Applied to yarn, a denier was held to be equal in weight to 124 of an ounce. The term microdenier is used to describe filaments that weigh less than one gram per 9000 meters.
One can distinguish between filament and total measurements in deniers. Both are defined as above, but the first relates to a single filament of fiber — commonly known as denier per filament (DPF) — whereas the second relates to a yarn.
Broader terms such as 'fine' may be applied, either because the overall yarn is fine or because fibers within this yarn are thin. A 75-denier yarn would be considered fine even if it contains only a few fibers, such as thirty 2.5-denier fibers, but a heavier yarn, such as 150 denier, is only considered fine if its constituent fibers are individually as thin as one denier.[1]
The following relationship applies to straight, uniform filaments:
DPF = total denier / quantity of uniform filaments
The denier system of measurement is used on two- and single-filament fibers. Some common calculations are as follows:
1 denier= 1.181  grams per 9000 meters
= 0.13122 milligrams per meter

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Units_of_textile_measurement#Denier



    In China, No Plans to Emulate West’s Way

    BEIJING — China’s second-ranking Communist Party official issued a terse and complete disavowal of interest in Western-style democracy on Monday, saying that China would never adopt a multiparty political system, separation of powers, a bicameral legislature or an independent judiciary.

    中国人大委员长吴邦国周一在11届人大2次会议全体会议上所作的报告中称,中国永远不会搞西方模式的民主。


    南投縣竹山鎮紫南宮體驗萬人吃丁酒、求發財金的節慶活動
    Taiwan temple loans fund million-dollar toilets


    TAIPEI, Taiwan: A Taoist temple in southern Taiwan has put profits from a successful foray into the banking business toward an unusual building project — a public bathroom shaped like a trio of bamboo shoots.
    Last year, the Tzenan Temple in Nantou county lent 600 New Taiwan dollars ($18) to 450,000 people without registering a single default — apparently because borrowers feared offending the temple's deity.
    It put the interest on the loans toward construction of an elaborate restroom complex to serve worshippers.
    The NT$40 million ($1.2 million) complex — described by temple staff as "five-star" — is in the shape of three bamboo shoots, Nantou's most important agricultural product. Their golden hue emulates the color of mature bamboo when it's sold in local markets.
    Abbot Chuang Chiu-an said the project was made possible by the reluctance of borrowers to offend the temple's deity — the spirit of an ancient Chinese governor who rewarded subjects in line with the fealty they demonstrated to traditional virtues.
    "No one would dare make a default to the deity and risk bad fortune," Chuang said.
    He did not comment on the wave of failures undermining larger financial institutions, but did regret that the size of his temple's loan packages was limited by the current economic slowdown.
    The Los Angeles Times leads with a look at how many are praising Countrywide's mortgage-modification program that is currently being implemented and could eventually save borrowers as much as $8.4 billion. At a time when the government is under increased pressure to do more to help distressed homeowners, some key officials and consumer advocates are pointing to Countrywide's effort as an example that other mortgage-servicing companies should emulate.



    disavow
    dɪsəˈvaʊ/
    verb
    1. deny any responsibility or support for.
      "the union leaders resisted pressure to disavow picket-line violence"
      synonyms:denydisclaimdisown, wash one's hands of; More



    emulate


    tr.v.-lat·ed-lat·ing-lates.
    1. To strive to equal or excel, especially through imitation: an older pupil whose accomplishments and style I emulated.
    2. To compete with successfully; approach or attain equality with.
    3. Computer Science. To imitate the function of (another system), as by modifications to hardware or software that allow the imitating system to accept the same data, execute the same programs, and achieve the same results as the imitated system.
    adj. Obsolete. (-lĭt)
    Ambitious; emulous.

     em・u・late

      
    ━━ vt. 競う, …と張り合う ((at)); 熱心に見習う; 【コンピュータ】模倣する, エミュレートする.
     em・u・la・tion ━━ n. 【コンピュータ】エミュレーション, 模倣.
     em・u・la・tive ━━ a.
     em・u・la・tor ━━ n. 競争者; 見習う人; 【コンピュータ】エミュレータ ((ある機種用のプログラムを別の機種に解読・実行させるためのハードウェアやソフトウェア)).

    emulate 
    verb [T] FORMAL
    to copy something achieved by someone else and try to do it as well as they have:
    They hope to emulate the success of other software companies.
    Fitzgerald is keen to emulate Martin's record of three successive world titles.

    emulation 
    noun [C or U] FORMAL

    bicameral
    adj.
    1. Composed of or based on two legislative chambers or branches: a bicameral legislature.
    2. Medicine. Composed of or having two chambers, as an abscess divided by a septum.

    [BI–1 + Latin camera, chamber; see chamber + –AL1.]



    deny
    tr.v., -nied, -ny·ing, -nies.
    1. To declare untrue; contradict.
    2. To refuse to believe; reject.
    3. To refuse to recognize or acknowledge; disavow.
      1. To decline to grant or allow; refuse: deny the student's request; denied the prisoner food or water.
      2. To give a refusal to; turn down or away: The protesters were determined not to be denied.
      3. To restrain (oneself) especially from indulgence in pleasures.
    [Middle English denien, from Old French denier, from Latin dēnegāre : dē-, de- + negāre, to say no.]
    SYNONYMS deny, contradict, contravene, disaffirm, gainsay, negate, traverse. These verbs mean to refuse to admit the existence, truth, or value of: denied the rumor; contradicted the statement; contravene a conclusion; disaffirm a suggestion; trying to gainsay the evidence; negated the allegations; traverse an indictment.
    ANTONYM affirm



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