2018年1月22日 星期一

scourge, afflict, mobilization, immobilize, overstretched, malnutrition

On this day 1849 Anne Brontë dies of the family scourge, tuberculosis, in Scarborough, Yorkshire. She is just 29 years old.

After Surviving Opioids, She Went After the Makers

Nan Goldin, a photographer who kicked her OxyContin addiction, fights on the front lines against the scourge that recalls H.I.V. And she has begun to draw a response.

Taiwan Mobilizes Army to Search Rubble After Earthquake

The first editorial on the front page of the The New York Times since 1920 has angrily attacked the 'moral outrage and national disgrace' that is the country's 'scourge of guns': "America’s elected leaders offer prayers for gun victims and then, callously and without fear of consequence, reject the most basic restrictions on weapons of mass killing."

Gun control: New York Times runs front page editorial for first time since 1920
Newspaper runs its first page-one editorial since 1920 in wake of San…

Karl Marx would have seen Cromwell as a classic example of the new bourgeoisie. Mantel draws a contrast between the fanatically devout Thomas More and the worldly wise Cromwell: the one settling in for a day’s scourging, the other off to get the day’s exchange rate in the City’s Lombard Street, where all the big banking houses had their home.

The scourge of high unemployment is often put down to workers' inadequate skills or overgenerous welfare states. But what if geography dictates that people simply can't get to new jobs?
IN THE OECD, a club mostly of rich countries, nearly 45m people are unemployed. Of these, 16m have been seeking work for over a year. Many put this apparently...

Today's #Dailychart is The Economist's interactive guide to the world's housing markets. Buoyed by government schemes the British market is picking up even though its fundamentals, unlike America's, suggest continued overvaluation. House prices are falling in Japan and much of the euro area. Outside Europe, Canada's market looks particularly vulnerable to a housing bust owing to particularly overstretched valuations http://econ.st/17oiQVu
Profiles in Science
Another Scourge in His Sights
Dr. Donald R. Hopkins helped eradicate smallpox, and as vice president for health programs at the Carter Center, he is targeting Guinea worm disease in Africa.

F.D.A. Approves Drug to Treat Hospital Scourge

In IQ: A Smart History of a Failed Idea, the first popular history of the intelligence test, Stephen Murdoch reveals how universal education, mass immigration into the U.S. in the early 20th century and the demands of mobilization in the First World War created the need to rank populations by intelligence. In the following decades, the tests were used to decide whether people could settle in a new country, whether they could reproduce, even whether they lived or died. What has only ever been a rough guide to ability has, through the seductive power of a single, all-explaining number, come to be seen as an objective and infallible measure of intelligence, even of human merit. One of the most startling aspects of the story is just how often the exams are still used today. IQ is published by John Wiley and Sons in the US and Duckworth in the UK.

As Indian Growth Soars, Child Hunger Persists

Malnutrition is worse in India than in many sub-Saharan African countries, a paradox in a proud democracy.

Reserve units are meant to be sent overseas, although only for limited periods in national emergencies or as part of full-scale wartime mobilizations. Most reservists, like Guard members, have civilian jobs and family economic responsibilities. Their units are generally the last in line for getting new equipment and maintaining combat readiness.

These prolonged deployments have dealt another blow to communities. In civilian life, many Guard and Reserve members serve as police officers, firefighters and emergency medics. When they are mobilized to help out the overstretched active-duty Army, they are not available to respond to emergencies at home.

Woes Afflicting Mortgage Giants Raise Loan Rates

The troubles at Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac could deal another blow to the housing market, as higher interest rates make it harder to refinance existing debts.

He mobilized the young enthusiasts who helped nominate Mr. Goldwater in 1964 and saw his dreams fulfilled when Mr. Reagan and the Bushes captured the Oval Office.
President Bush said Wednesday that Mr. Buckley “brought conservative thought into the political mainstream, and helped lay the intellectual foundation for America’s victory in the Cold War.”
To Mr. Buckley’s enormous delight, Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr., the historian, termed him “the scourge of liberalism.”

to scourge the universe

scourge (skûrj)  


1historical A whip used as an instrument of punishment.
2A person or thing that causes great trouble or suffering:the scourge of mass unemployment


1historical Whip (someone) as a punishment:our people did scourge him severely
2Cause great suffering to:political methods used to scourge and oppress workers



Pronunciation: /ˈskəːdʒə/ 
NOUN ( historical)


Middle English: shortening of Old French escorge (noun), escorgier (verb), from Latin ex-'thoroughly' + corrigia 'thong, whip'.


  1. A source of widespread dreadful affliction and devastation such as that caused by pestilence or war.
  2. A means of inflicting severe suffering, vengeance, or punishment.
  3. A whip used to inflict punishment.
tr.v., scourged, scourg·ing, scourg·es.
  1. To afflict with severe or widespread suffering and devastation; ravage.
  2. To chastise severely; excoriate.
  3. To flog.
[Middle English, from Anglo-Norman escorge, from Old French escorgier, to whip, from Vulgar Latin *excorrigiāre : Latin ex-, intensive pref.; see ex- + Latin corrigia, thong (probably of Celtic origin).]
scourger scourg'er n.


━━ n. むち; 天罰, 災害; 悩みの種.
━━ vt. むち打つ; 罰する; ひどく苦しめる.
  1. A source of widespread dreadful affliction and devastation such as that caused by pestilence or war.
  2. A means of inflicting severe suffering, vengeance, or punishment.
  3. A whip used to inflict punishment.
  1. To afflict with severe or widespread suffering and devastation; ravage.
  2. To chastise severely; excoriate.
  3. To flog.
[Middle English, from Anglo-Norman escorge, from Old French escorgier, to whip, from Vulgar Latin *excorrigiāre : Latin ex-, intensive pref.; see ex– + Latin corrigia, thong (probably of Celtic origin).]

1 ((ふつう単数形))苦しみをもたらすもの[人], 不幸のもと, 社会悪
the scourge of war
戦 争という悪
Rats are not always a scourge.
2 むち;((比喩))天罰, たたり.
━━[動](他)((し ばしば受身))
1 …をむちで打つ.
2 ((文))…をきびしく罰する.
3 …を苦しめる, 悩ませる
She was scourgeed by her past follies.

verb [T]
If a problem or illness afflicts a person or thing, they suffer from it:
It is an illness which afflicts women more than men.
a country afflicted by civil war

noun [C or U] FORMAL
something that makes you suffer:
Malnutrition is one of the common afflictions of the poor.

mobilize, UK ALSO mobilise Show phonetics
1 [T] to organize or prepare something, such as a group of people, for a purpose:
Representatives for all the main candidates are trying to mobilize voter support.

2 [I or T] to prepare to fight, especially in a war:
The government has mobilized several of the army's top combat units.
Troops have been mobilising for the past three weeks.

mobilization, UK ALSO mobilisation Show phonetics
noun [U]

immobilize Pronunciation (verb) To hold fast or prevent from moving.
Synonyms:pin, trap
Usage:The police officer was able to immobilize the violent suspect and hold him in place long enough for another cop to assist in handcuffing him.
v., -stretched, -stretch·ing, -stretch·es. v.tr.
  1. To stretch excessively; overstrain.
  2. To stretch or extend over.
To stretch one's body or muscles to the point of strain or injury.


Syllabification: (o·ver·stretch)
Pronunciation: /ˌōvərˈstreCH/
Translate overstretch | into German


[with object] (often as adjective overstretched)
  • 1stretch too much:the aches and pains of overstretched muscles
2make excessive demands on:classes are very large and facilities are overstretched

malnutrition Show phonetics
noun [U]
physical weakness and bad health caused by a lack of food, or by a lack of the types of food necessary for good health:營養不良
Many of the refugees are suffering from severe malnutrition.