2016年1月5日 星期二

sally, ridicule, barbarity, debunk, McJob, A Favela

BARBARITY IN Burma last week served as a reminder that, with or without President-elect Barack Obama, the global struggle for liberty will rage on long after George W. Bush takes his "freedom agenda" home to Texas.

The skeptical minority to which Mr. Maher belongs constitutes 16 percent of the American population, he says, citing a survey. For many of them, including Mr. Maher, the tenets of Christianity, Judaism and Islam (Eastern and African religions are ignored) are dangerous fairy tales and myths that have incited barbarous purges and holy wars that are still being fought. A talking snake? A man who lived inside a fish? These are two of Mr. Maher’s favorite biblical images offered up for ridicule.

World in Progress | 25.02.2008 | 04:30
A Favela Without Gunshots

Crime, drugs and violence are part of everyday life for the millions of people living in Brazil's favelas. The police are often criticised for their brutal methods towards suspected criminals. Killings are frequent in most areas and there is not a day without gunshot. However, the Morro do Cavalao favela is an exception.

More than 12 million Brazilians have already seen the award winning feature film 'Tropa de Elite' about policing methods in the most violent parts of Brazil's metropolis. But there are alternatives to fighting crime with violence.
In the past five years, no one has been killed in the Morro do Cavalao favela, thanks to a unique policing project and the committed efforts of the residents.
Report: Milton Bragatti 

Nas Asas de Brasília:映画”Tropa de Elite”

Debunking the 'McJob' Stereotype
The Epoch Times Ireland - Dublin,Ireland
During the past three months, the UK branch of McDonald's has collected close to 105000 signatures to petition publishers of the dictionary to stop carrying ...

fa·ve·la (fə-vĕl'əpronunciation
A shantytown or slum, especially in Brazil.
[Portuguese, possibly from diminutive of favo, honeycomb (from Latin favus) or from favelas (probably from pl. of favela, spurge, from fava, bean, from Latin faba).]

- [ Translate this page ]
この2人が、そうした腐敗や癒着のないBOPE(ちなみに”Tropa de Elite”とはエリート部隊の意)に入隊するに至るまでの経緯と、隊長が参加する作戦での激しい任務の様子 ...

to show that something is less important, less good or less true than it has been made to appear:
The writer's aim was to debunk the myth that had grown up around the actress.

(from Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary)
━━ vt. 〔話〕 …の正体を暴露する.
 de・bunk・er ━━ n.

しょうたい 正体

one's true colors; consciousness.
~なく眠る sleep like a log; be deeply asleep; be dead to the world.
~なく酔う get [be] dead drunk.
~を現す show one's true colors [character]; reveal one's identity.
~を隠す put on a mask.
~を暴く unmask a person; debunk.

三省堂提供「EXCEED 和英辞典」より凡例はこちら
麥當勞說,今年七月一日起,全面調整計時人員薪資,依職級及時段起薪有所不同,從新台幣九十五元至兩百元不等,符合且更優於勞基法最低基本時薪規 定。麥當勞表示,實施新制薪資與福利調整之前,每處麥當勞店已開會與所有服務員溝通,若員工有意見,可透過每家餐廳設置的員工意見箱,或與總公司人力資源 部直接溝通。」



n. Slang. A job, usually in the retail or service sector, that is low paying, often temporary, and offers minimal or no benefits or opportunity for promotion.[Mc(Donald's), trademark of a fast-food restaurant chain (from its mass-produced nature) + JOB1.]

barbaric Show phonetics
extremely cruel and unpleasant:
She found the idea of killing animals for pleasure barbaric.
barbaric acts of violence

barbarism Show phonetics
noun [U]
extremely cruel and unpleasant behaviour:
He witnessed some appalling acts of barbarism during the war.

barbarity Show phonetics
noun [C or U]
This barbarity (= extreme cruelty) must cease!
The dictatorship has been responsible for countless barbarities (= extremely cruel acts).

barbarous Show phonetics
adjective FORMAL
describes behaviour that is extremely cruel or unpleasant, or fails to reach acceptable social standards:
His murder was an outrageous and barbarous act.
How can they forgive such barbarous behaviour?

ridicule Show phonetics
noun [U]
unkind words or actions that make someone or something look stupid or worthless:
She was treated with scorn and ridicule by her colleagues when she applied for the job.
He's become an object of ridicule (= a person that everyone thinks is stupid and criticizes or laughs at).

ridicule Show phonetics
verb [T]
to laugh at someone in an unkind way:
She rarely spoke her mind out of fear of being ridiculed.
At the time he was ridiculed for his ideas.

ridiculous Show phonetics
stupid or unreasonable and deserving to be laughed at:
Do I look ridiculous in this hat?
Don't be so ridiculous! I can't possibly afford to go on holiday.
It's ridiculous to expect a two-year-old to be able to read!

ridiculously Show phonetics
Hotel rooms in the city are ridiculously overpriced during the festival.

noun [C]
a sudden attack on an enemy, especially when they are surrounding you

sally PhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhonetic
verb [I + adverb or preposition]
to make a sally

, -lied, -ly·ing, -lies.
  1. To rush out or leap forth suddenly.
  2. To issue suddenly from a defensive or besieged position to attack an enemy.
  3. To set out on a trip or excursion: sallied forth to see the world.
n., pl. -lies.
  1. A sudden rush forward; a leap.
  2. An assault from a defensive position; a sortie.
  3. A sudden emergence into action or expression; an outburst.
  4. A sudden quick witticism; a quip. See synonyms at joke.
These examples seem to be little more than rhetorical sallies intended to overwhelm an opponent with ridicule. (R. A. Fisher, p.25)
  1. A venturing forth; a jaunt.
[From French saillie, a sally, from Old French, from feminine past participle of salir, to rush forward, from Latin salīre, to leap.]

hold sb/sth up to ridicule
to laugh unkindly and publicly at someone or something, or make them seem ridiculous:
Her plans were held up to ridicule.