2015年11月6日 星期五

aggravated drunk driving, anymore! dialect, squawk, patois, exacerbate,aggravated assault


TOKYO—The man who has been called Japan's Beethoven but who admitted last week that he had hired someone else to compose his works says he isn't completely deaf anymore.
In an eight-page, handwritten letter dated Tuesday, Mamoru Samuragochi apologized to people he said he had betrayed, including Olympic skater Daisuke Takahashi, who is set to compete to a piece attributed to him at the Sochi Games on Thursday, and wife, of whom he...

France Orders Strauss-Kahn to Stand Trial
Dominique Strauss-Kahn and 12 others were charged with “aggravated procurement in a group,” or pimping.


Avant-garde poet and dramatist Shuji Terayama, who died 30 years ago at age 47, apparently felt deeply about regional dialects. An early poem he penned goes: "Having coffee with an old friend who no longer speaks our patois/ How bitter is the brew." Back then, his home prefecture of Aomori must have felt far more distant from Tokyo than it would today.


The Choice: To Squawk or to Go?
A refugee economist created an irresistibly useful approach to understanding how dissent shapes organizations


BY ROGER LOWENSTEIN

Four decades ago, an economist named Albert O. Hirschman prophesied a rising gap in the quality of schools. As he reasoned: If the quality of public schools deteriorated, affluent families would switch to private schools. Hirschman labeled this the "exit" option. The parents of the remaining kids would try to restore quality via "voice"—that is, by appearing at school board meetings, speaking out, writing letters.

But these activists would be doubly handicapped. Public schools—being insensitive to profit—are less responsive to voice. And the desertion of wealthier parents would tend to deprive the public schools of influential voices.

Once you start ...

Ex-Mayor Confronts $1 Billion Gambling Problem

Maureen O’Connor, 66, blamed an addiction aggravated by a brain tumor for a gargantuan spree that she financed in part by taking from her husband’s charity.


"There's nothing wrong with teenagers that reasoning with them won't aggravate."


Researchers studying the various dialects of Japanese have concluded that all are descended from a founding language taken to the Japanese islands about 2200 years ago. The finding sheds new light on the origin of the Japanese people, ...


I SPENT LAST WEEK in Ohio, catching up with family, and the very day I arrived, my mother said something like this: “We get our fresh vegetables at Schild’s anymore.”



I might not have noticed it, but as it happens, I had just received an anxious e-mail on the subject of “positive anymore,” as the usage is called. “It struck me as very strange,” recalled John Fogle, who first heard it at college in Ohio, several decades ago, and it still sounds odd today. Worse yet, he said, “It seems to be gaining acceptance. Horrors!”
But there’s no need for Easterners like Fogle to be horrified. Positive anymore isn’t such a radical departure from the recognized-everywhere uses of anymore, with negatives (stated or implied) and in questions:
I can’t remember names anymore. (I once could.)
You rarely see this kind of heroism anymore. (You once did.)
Do you play hockey anymore? (You used to; do you still?)
Positive anymore also means “nowadays,” but it reverses the assumption about past behavior: “Anymore, I play a lot of tennis” says that you didn’t in the past, and now you do.
The usage has long been considered a feature of the US Midland dialect regions, spreading south and west with the migration of settlers. But Fogle’s suspicion, it seems, is correct: Positive anymore “appears to be spreading,” the American Heritage Dictionary says in a regional note.
Even if it’s new to your neighborhood, the usage is no upstart. According to a 1998 entry in the online Mavens’ Word-of-the-Day series, positive anymore dates to the 1850s in America, and it has been quite common since the 1930s. The usage “is also found in parts of Ireland, and some linguists have suggested that it is of Irish or Scots-Irish origin.” And it’s not a hick expression: “it is used by speakers of all educational levels.”
The tradition-minded Northeast, the Mavens’ report says, is the region most reluctant to adopt positive anymore. That’s not especially surprising. Still, you’d think the people who embraced “so don’t I” as an expression of enthusiastic agreement might find room in their hearts and vocabularies for another useful oddity.
. . .
FURTHER AGGRAVATIONS: A few weeks back, I wrote about the aggravate debate - can it mean “annoy,” or should it mean only “worsen”? - after the question came up on the New York Times’s usage blog, “After Deadline.” The sample sentence under scrutiny said that President Obama had “aggravated powerful players in Congress {hellip} then moved to assuage them.”
It was the word assuage that aggravated Maria Sachs of Belmont. “Did no one squawk about that?” she asked in an e-mail. “One assuages feelings, not people.” And in fact, several commenters at the Times had squawked - or at least gently questioned the propriety of applying assuage to individuals, rather than to their concerns or conditions.
I had paused, myself, over the usage: Surely we assuage hunger, thirst, grief, and guilt, rather than the people who experience them? But no: It’s also legitimate to assuage the afflicted person, and has been since the 14th century, according to the Oxford English Dictionary.
Assuage, meaning “calm, appease, soothe” - it’s related to suave - was even used intransitively, once upon a time. The OED quotes the King James Bible (1611): “the waves assuaged.” And Wordnik, the new word website, links to an account of a settlement in Manitoba in the early 19th century: “On the 22nd of May the waters commenced to assuage.”
That usage is no longer current, but people are still frequently assuaged: Just last week, White House press secretary Robert Gibbs addressed the question of the president’s Honolulu birth certificate: “If I had some DNA, it wouldn’t assuage those that don’t believe [Obama] was born here.” It’s a minority usage, but it’s far from obsolete.
. . .
BUYER’S MARKET: Frank Biondi of Pittsburgh notes that though dictionaries still list the original definition of consumerism - “consumer protection” or “actions to secure the rights of consumers” - today we use the word mainly with its second meaning, “materialism, or obsessive consumption.” He wants to know: “Who stole its proud heritage?”
The online OED, which revised its consumerism entry in June, offers some clues. Its earliest example of the “bad” consumerism comes from a 1960 issue of the American Catholic Sociological Review, deploring consumerism as “consumption for consumption’s sake.”
Based on that date, I’d guess that the word’s change in meaning was simply following the money. Once Americans began to think of spending as recreation rather than a risky necessity, the “consumer protection” sense lost its relevance; to critics of the booming retail culture, consumers needed protection from themselves, not from greedy producers. Who stole consumerism? Nobody: We traded it for the glorious mess of postwar prosperity.



The driver called his dispatcher and pulled over near a convenience store to wait for sheriff’s deputies, who arrested Wideman, 54. He was in jail on a charge of aggravated assault with a deadly weapon.
駕駛呼叫調度員,然後把車開到一家便利商店附近,等候警察,他們將54歲的威德曼逮捕。他因持致命性武器的加重攻擊罪指控,而被羈押於監牢。


3 Agencies Vie for Oversight of Swaps Market

The government is moving forward with its first significant effort to bring oversight to a vast, unregulated corner of Wall Street that has severely exacerbated the financial crisis.
(By David Cho and Zachary A. Goldfarb, The Washington Post)





That could drive up coal prices from exporters such as Australia, Indonesia and South Africa and could affect energy costs -- and possibly exacerbate inflationary pressure -- among customers as far away as Europe.



Slowing Sales Hurt Motorola

By ROGER CHENG
Motorola Inc. posted a wider first-quarter loss, as it continues to feel the sting of a lackluster handset lineup.
The Schaumburg, Illinois, cellphone manufacturer reported a net loss of $194 million, or 9 cents a share, compared with a prior-year loss of $181 million, or 8 cents a share. Net revenue fell 21% to $7.45 billion.
The lack of new handsets is illustrative of Motorola's lack of direction, exacerbated by the pending split of the unit. Chief Executive Greg Brown told analysts in a conference call that the company has an "embryonic portfolio" but provided little specific details. At the same time, rivals Samsung Electronics Co. and LG Electronics Inc. have stepped up their own lineups as they target Motorola's U.S. crown.

anymore

(also any more)

adverb

[usually with negative or in questions] chiefly North American to any further extent; any longer: she refused to listen anymore you don’t get men like him anymoreMore example sentences
  • Looking for a bargain, or trying to find an old disc that the big chains don't carry any more.
  • Back from school, I sat in my room, too weak and tired to do any more, so glad to rest.
  • After a few years, I could no longer fool myself that the drugs were working any more.

exacerbate

(ĭg-zăs'ər-bāt') pronunciationtr.v., -bat·ed, -bat·ing, -bates.
To increase the severity, violence, or bitterness of; aggravate: a speech that exacerbated racial tensions; a heavy rainfall that exacerbated the flood problems.
[Latin exacerbāre, exacerbāt- : ex-, intensive pref.; see ex– + acerbāre, to make harsh (from acerbus, harsh).]
━━ vt. 悪化させる; 憤激させる.

aggravate
tr.v., -vat·ed, -vat·ing, -vates.
  1. To make worse or more troublesome.
  2. To rouse to exasperation or anger; provoke. See synonyms at annoy.
[Latin aggravāre, aggravāt- : ad-, ad- + gravāre, to burden (from gravis, heavy).]
aggravatingly ag'gra·vat'ing·ly adv.
aggravative ag'gra·va'tive adj.
aggravator ag'gra·va'tor n.
USAGE NOTE Aggravate comes from the Latin verb aggravāre, which meant “to make heavier,” that is, “to add to the weight of.” It also had the extended senses “to annoy” and “to oppress.” Some people claim that aggravate can only mean “to make worse,” and not “to irritate,” on the basis of the word's etymology. But in doing so, they ignore not only an English sense in use since the 17th century, but also one of the original Latin ones. Sixty-eight percent of the Usage Panel approves of its use in It's the endless wait for luggage that aggravates me the most about air travel.
aggravate指加重、加劇、使惡化,例句︰Somking aggravates cold.(抽菸使感冒惡化。)
aggravated assault ︰加重攻擊,assault and battery為法律用語,指毆打暴行;人身傷害。
n.
Any of various assaults that are more serious than a common assault, especially one performed with an intent to commit a crime.

On May 25, 2015 Shepard was arrested in Santa Fe, New Mexico for aggravated drunk driving.[20]


dialect
[名][U][C]《言語学》方言;地方語, 地方なまり, (ある階級・職業などの)通語, 隠語.
[ラテン語←ギリシャ語diálektos(dia-間で+légein話す). △DIALOGUE





patois

Pronunciation: /ˈpatwɑː/

Definition of patois




noun (plural same /-wɑːz/)

  • the dialect of a particular region, especially one with low status in relation to the standard language of the country:the nurse talked to me in a patois that even Italians would have had difficulty in understanding
  • the jargon or informal speech used by a particular social group:the raunchy patois of inner-city kids

Origin:

mid 17th century: French, literally 'rough speech', perhaps from Old French patoier 'treat roughly', from patte 'paw'

aggravate[ag・gra・vate]

  • レベル:社会人必須
  • 発音記号[ǽgrəvèit]
[動](他)
1 〈病気などを〉悪化させる;〈不幸・やっかいなどを〉増大する
aggravate a wound
傷を悪化させる.
2 ((略式))〈人を〉いらいらさせる, 怒らせる
feelbeaggravated at a thingwith a person
ある事[人]がしゃくにさわる.
[原義「‘grave'にする」=重くする. △GRAVE, AGGRIEVED
ág・gra・và・tive
[形]

 squawk

1. A combination of a squirrel and a shark. Likes little girls and ice cream.

2. The weird guy that always hangs out around your local liqour store.

3. Anybody named peter.
1. "OMFG THAT RABID SQUARK ATE OUR TEACHER!"
2. Wtf the squark is at the liqour store again, is he meowing again?
3. "hey peter, or should i say SQUARK!"

Noun1.squarka quark with an electric charge of -1/3 and a mass 988 times that of an electron and a strangeness of -1
quark - (physics) hypothetical truly fundamental particle in mesons and baryons; there are supposed to be six flavors of quarks (and their antiquarks), which come in pairs; each has an electric charge of +2/3 or -1/3; "quarks have not been observed directly but theoretical predictions based on their existence have been confirmed experimentally"

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