2015年2月21日 星期六

smear, smear test, innuendo, sue, belligerent, gossip, "Smear Campaign"

From tongue in cheek innuendo to cutting class observation – not to mention the sheep and cows…here are 10 reasons why we  BBC The Archershttp://bbc.in/1DALmVB




  • Campaigners are taking selfies of lipstick smudged across their faces after their smear tests ...


  • She was a dame like no other.
    The Hollywood legend's appeal was defined by gestures, nuances and innuendo.
    WASHINGTONPOST.COM





    Gingirch Accuses Romney of "Smear Campaign"
    Former House speaker says his rival is letting his super PAC do his dirty work for him.


    Small-Town Gossip Moves to the Web

    As more people gossip online, vicious and anonymous posts have provoked fights, divorce and worse. Above, Jennifer James, who says she was a victim of an online smear.


    A fruitless argument is called mizukake ron in Japanese. It translates literally as "water-throwing argument," and the expression is said to have derived from a fight over water. Farmers cannot survive without water. In the old days before the introduction of proper irrigation systems, fights over water broke out frequently during periods of drought.
    And it appears that the belligerents in those fights were not always total strangers. In a kyogen comic play titled "Mizukake Muko" (Water-throwing son-in-law), a man and his son-in-law fight over water for rice paddies. They start off by smearing each other's faces with mud. Water was so precious back then as to even ruin family relations.
    Spitzer Is Accused of Effort to Smear Bruno
    Former Gov. Eliot Spitzer is said to have been involved in his administration’s efforts last year to discredit the State Senate majority leader, Joseph L. Bruno.

    belligerent Pronunciation (adjective) Inclined or eager to fight; hostile.
    Synonyms:aggressive
    Usage:A belligerent reporter badgered the politician.



    The British are less politically correct than their American counterparts. Wittiness can still mean an agility with sexual innuendo, with a pint in one hand and a cigarette in the other.

    smear (SPREAD) verb [T usually + adverb or preposition]
    to spread a liquid or a thick substance over a surface:
    The children had smeared peanut butter all over the sofa.
    Can you explain why the front of your car is smeared with blood?

    smear
    noun [C]
    You'd look very stylish if it wasn't for that smear of ketchup on your shirt.

    smear (ACCUSATION) 抹黑
    noun [C]
    an accusation which is unpleasant, unreasonable or unlikely to be true and which is made publicly with the intention of harming a person's reputation:
    The prime minister has dismissed the allegations as smears and innuendo.
    She claims she was the victim of a smear campaign (= repeated attempts to damage her reputation).

    smear
    verb [T]
    She decided to sue for libel after the newspaper smeared her private life.



    smear Line breaks: smear
    Pronunciation: /smɪə /



    Definition of smear in English:

    VERB

    [WITH OBJECT]
    1Coat or mark (something) messily or carelessly with a greasy or sticky substance:his face was smeared with dirt

    1.1[WITH OBJECT AND ADVERBIAL] Spread (a greasy orsticky substance) over something:she smeared sunblock on her skin

    1.2Messily blur the outline of (something such aswriting or paint); smudge:her lipstick was smeared

    2Damage the reputation of (someone) by falseaccusationsslander:someone was trying to smear her by faking letters

    NOUN


    1
    A mark or streak of a greasy or sticky substance:there was an oil smear on his jacket

    sample of tissue or other material taken from part of the body, spread thinly on a microscope slide forexamination, typically for medical diagnosis:the smears were stained for cryptosporidium

    2.1British short for smear test.

    3false accusation intended to damage someone’sreputation:the popular press were indulging in unwarranted smears

    4Climbing An insecure foothold:soon you’re eyeballing the top, just one smear away

    Origin

    Old English smierwan (verb), smeoru 'ointment, grease', of Germanic origin; related to German schmieren (verb),Schmer (noun).

    • [smíər]
    • [動](他)
    1 〈油などを〉(…に)塗りつける((on, over ...));…に(油などを)塗りつける((with ...));…をよごす, きたなくする
    smear ointment on one's face [=smear one's face with ointment]
    軟膏(なんこう)を顔に塗る.
    2 〈毛・布などを〉こすりつける;〈字などを〉こすって消す[読めなくする].
    3 〈愚行などが〉〈名声などを〉傷つける.
    4 ((米俗))…をこてんぱんにやっつける, 圧倒する.
    5 ((米俗))…に贈賄する.
    6 (顕微鏡検査用に)…を塗抹標本にする.
    ━━[名]
    1 油性[粘性]のもの, 一塗りの油性[粘性]物質, 塗りつけるもの, (陶器の)うわ薬.
    2 (油性物質の)よごれ, 汚点, しみ, (紙・顔などの)よごれ, しみ((of ...)).
    3 塗布[塗抹](標本).
    4 誹謗(ひぼう), 中傷, 悪口
    a smear campaign
    (マスコミを通じての)組織的中傷.
    smear・er
    [名]



    smear test

    Line breaks: smear test
    Definition of smear test in English:


    NOUN

    British
    A test to detect signs of cervical cancer. See cervical smear.子宮抹片測試
    innuendo
    noun [C or U] plural innuendoes or innuendos
    (the making of) a remark or remarks that suggest something sexual or something unpleasant but do not refer to it directly:
    There's always an element of sexual innuendo in our conversations.

    Pronunciation: /ˌɪnjʊˈɛndəʊ /

    NOUN (plural innuendoes or innuendos)━━ n. (pl. ~(e)s) 暗示, あてこすり; 真意の説明語句.


    An allusive or oblique remark or hint, typically a suggestive or disparaging one:she’s always making sly innuendoes[MASS NOUN]: a constant torrent of innuendo, gossip, lies, and half-truths
    Origin

    mid 16th century (as an adverb in the sense 'that is to say, to wit', used in legal documents to introduce an explanation): Latin, 'by nodding at, by pointing to', ablative gerund of innuere, from in- 'towards' + nuere 'to nod'. The noun dates from the late 17th century.

    sue
    verb [I or T]
    to take legal action against a person or organization, especially by making a legal claim for money because of some harm that they have caused you:
    He was so furious about the accusations in the letter that he threatened to sue.
    She sued the paper for (= in order to obtain) damages after they wrongly described her as a prostitute.
    She is suing her husband for (= in order to obtain a) divorce.


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