2016年9月4日 星期日

funk, funky, stentorian, quick-tongued, tongue-in-cheek, underpay, sourness intermixed with its blue funk

  Turkey enters fog of uncertainty, as "anybody can denounce anyone" after the coup.

Turkey's rulers say the world does not understand how much the attempted coup in mid-July traumatized the country. To judge by three weeks in the rura

 “Who knows what will come when quick-tongued men make ancient grievances rhyme with fresh desire for land and conquest?”

― Kazuo Ishiguro, The Buried GiantIndian industry is in a funk and has decided that one man is the answer. "We're waiting for NaMo," says a tycoon. It is only a slight exaggeration to say that almost everyone in a suit and with a pulse in the private sector wants Narendra Modi, the chief minister of Gujarat state, to become prime minister after elections due by May 2014 http://econ.st/16oGxtO

Gates's Future Fuels Speculation as Microsoft Seeks New Chief


As Microsoft prepares to name a new chief executive and plot a course out of its funk, the role of Bill Gates has been a source of wide fascination. 

American Public Gives Lawmakers an Earful on Syria11

 F.C.C. Is Told Verizon Underpaid Data Refunds


A lawyer told the Federal Communications Commission that Verizon might have collected more than $240 million from false charges, more than four times the amount it agreed to refund.

BBC - Press Office - BBC World News

www.bbc.co.uk/.../bbcworld/worldstories/.../... - 頁庫存檔 - 翻譯這個網頁
4 days ago – BBC World News announces the 2011 World Challenge finalists. Date: 12.08.11 ... Cambodia : 'Funky Junk' – recycling plastic bags. ... 

In a brief, tongue-in-cheek film broadcast to a packed Olympic stadium late on Friday - as well as a massive worldwide television audience - Bond actor Daniel Craig entered Buckingham Palace wearing his trademark tuxedo. After a pause, Her Majesty turns from her writing desk and says simply:"Good evening, Mr. Bond." She uttered just four words, but they were seen as a highly personal touch from a monarch once seen as aloof.

Taiwan sweats on US arms sales decision

Sherry Huang, a retired accountant and grandmother, is not someone you would expect to get worked up over international arms sales, but ask her why Taiwan needs advanced fighter jets from the United States and she will give you an earful.

Mexican Bicentennial Falling Short on Fervor
By RANDAL C. ARCHIBOLD 17 minutes ago As Mexico approaches the 200th anniversary on Thursday of the start of its rebellion against Spain, the national mood has sunk into its deepest funk in years.

What I admired most about the book, I think, is the lack of sourness intermixed with its blue funk. Detroit’s loss, the author realizes, will be someone’s gain somewhere. As Mr. Clemens watches a piece of large machinery being disassembled, he listens to a man named Duane, who says to him: “You can’t measure it. You can’t measure the lives, you can’t measure the lunches, the allowances, that people were able to give their kids.”

in blue funk

1. In a state of panic or terror. For example, Just because the bride's mother is late, you needn't get in a blue funk. This term originated in the mid-1700s as in a funk, the adjective blue, meaning "affected with fear or anxiety," being added a century later.
2. In a state of dejection, sad. For example, Anne has been in a blue funk since her dog died. This usage employs blue in the sense of "sad"--a meaning that first emerged in the late 1300s. Also see have the blues.


Pronunciation: /fʌŋk/
informal  noun

  • 1 (also blue funk) chiefly British a state of great fear or panic:are you in a blue funk about running out of things to say?
  • chiefly North American a state of depression:I sat absorbed in my own blue funk
  • 2 dated, chiefly British a coward: I sit shuddering, too much of a funk to fight


[with object] chiefly British
  • avoid (something) out of fear:I could have seen him this morning but I funked it


mid 18th century (first recorded as Oxford University slang): perhaps from funk2 in the slang sense 'tobacco smoke', or from obsolete Flemish fonck 'disturbance, agitation'

stentorian (sten-TOR-ee-uhn)

adjective: Loud and powerful.[形]((文))〈声が〉大きい.

In Greek mythology, Stentor was a herald in the Trojan War and noted for his loud voice. In Iliad, Homer described his voice to be equal to the voices of fifty men. He was put to death after his defeat by Hermes (1, 2) in a shouting contest.

"David Beckham's legendarily stentorian and commanding voice would lend itself perfectly to a career as a rapper." — Alexis Petridis; Tara Newley's Gritty New Film; The Guardian (London, UK); Sep 9, 2010.


    1. A state of cowardly fright; a panic.
    2. A state of severe depression.
  1. A cowardly, fearful person.

v., funked, funk·ing, funks. v.tr.
  1. To shrink from in fright or dread.
  2. To be afraid of.
To shrink in fright.

[Probably from obsolete Flemish fonck, disturbance, agitation.]

funk2 (fŭngk) pronunciation
  1. Music.
    1. An earthy quality appreciated in music such as jazz or soul.
    2. A type of popular music combining elements of jazz, blues, and soul and characterized by syncopated rhythm and a heavy, repetitive bass line.
  2. Slang. An unsophisticated quality or atmosphere of a region or locality: "The setting is country funk" (Nina Martin).
[Back-formation from FUNKY2.]

1 ((a 〜))おじけ, おく病, しりごみ;恐慌.
2 ((a 〜))がっくりした[元気のない]状態, 落ち込み
be in a (blue) funk
3 臆病(おくびょう)者.
1 ((英古風))…を恐れる, こわがる, …にしりごみする, (こわがって)…を避ける.
2 …をおびえさせる.
━━(自)恐れる;しりごみする, おじける.
Sherry Huang, a retired accountant and grandmother, is not someone you would expect to get worked up over international arms sales, but ask her why Taiwan needs advanced fighter jets from the United States and she will give you an earful.

1 (耳にタコができるほどの)長い忠告, 長話;きつい小言, 大目玉
get an earful from him
give a person an earful on [about] ...
2 びっくりするようなニュース[うわさ].


Syllabification: (ear·ful)
Pronunciation: /ˈi(ə)rˌfo͝ol/


[in singular] informal
  • a loud blast of a noise:an earful of static
  • a prolonged amount of talking, typically an angry reprimand:he gave his players an earful at halftime

Taiwan sweats on US arms sales decision

sweat(swĕt) pronunciation

v., sweat·ed, or sweat, sweat·ing, sweats. v.intr.
  1. To excrete perspiration through the pores in the skin; perspire.
  2. To exude in droplets, as moisture from certain cheeses or sap from a tree.
  3. To condense atmospheric moisture.
    1. To release moisture, as hay in the swath.
    2. To ferment, as tobacco during curing.
  4. Informal.
    1. To work long and hard.
    2. To suffer much, as for a misdeed.
  5. Informal. To fret or worry.
  1. To excrete (moisture) through a porous surface, such as the skin.
  2. To gather and condense (moisture) on a surface.
  3. To cause to perspire, as by drugs, heat, or strenuous exercise.
  4. To make damp or wet with perspiration.
  5. To cause to work excessively; overwork.
  6. To overwork and underpay (employees).
  7. Slang.
    1. To interrogate (someone) under duress: sweated the suspected spy for hours.
    2. To extract (information) from someone under duress: The police sweated the information out of the suspect.
  8. Metallurgy. To join (metal parts) by interposing cold solder and then heating.
  9. To steam (vegetables or other food).
  10. Informal. To fret or worry about: Don't sweat the details.
  1. The colorless saline moisture excreted by the sweat glands; perspiration.
  2. Condensation of moisture in the form of droplets on a surface.
    1. The process of sweating.
    2. A condition or period of sweating: worked up a sweat raking leaves.
    3. The condition of being sweated.
  3. Strenuous, exhaustive labor; drudgery.
  4. A run given to a horse as exercise before a race.
  5. Informal. An anxious, fretful condition.
  6. sweats Informal. A sweatsuit.
phrasal verb:
sweat out Slang.
  1. To endure anxiously: sweat out an exam.
  2. To await (something) anxiously: sweat out one's final grades.
no sweat Slang.
  1. Easily done or handled.
sweat blood Informal.
  1. To work diligently or strenuously.
  2. To worry intensely.
sweat bullets Slang.
  1. To sweat profusely.
sweat of (one's) brow
  1. Hard work: "keep what they produced by the sweat of their brow" (Mario Puzo).
[Middle English sweten, from Old English swǣtan.]

(fŭng') pronunciation
adj., -i·er, -i·est.
Frightened; panicky.

funk·y2 (fŭng') pronunciation
adj., -i·er, -i·est.
    1. Having a moldy or musty smell: funky cheese; funky cellars.
    2. Having a strong, offensive, unwashed odor.
  1. Music.
    1. Of or relating to music that has an earthy quality reminiscent of the blues.
    2. Combining elements of jazz, blues, and soul and characterized by syncopated rhythm and a heavy, repetitive bass line.
  2. Slang. Earthy and uncomplicated; natural: "At the opposite end of Dallas's culinary spectrum is funky regional fare" (Jacqueline Friedrich).
  3. Slang.
    1. Characterized by originality and modishness; unconventional: "a bizarre, funky [hotel ] dressed up as a ship, with mock portholes and mirrored ceilings over the beds" (Ann Louise Bardach).
    2. Outlandishly vulgar or eccentric in a humorous or tongue-in-cheek manner; campy: "funky caricatures of sexpot glamour" (Pauline Kael).
[From funk, strong smell, tobacco smoke, perhaps from French dialectal funquer, to give off smoke, from Old French fungier, from Latin fūmigāre. See fumigate.]
funkiness funk'i·ness n.
WORD HISTORY When asked which words in the English language are the most difficult to define precisely, a lexicographer would surely mention funky. Linguist Geneva Smitherman has tried to capture the meaning of this word in Talkin and Testifyin: The Language of Black America, where she explains that funky means "[related to] the blue notes or blue mood created in jazz, blues, and soul music generally, down-to-earth soulfully expressed sounds; by extension [related to] the real nitty-gritty or fundamental essence of life, soul to the max." The first recorded use of funky is in 1784 in a reference to musty, old, moldy cheese. Funky then developed the sense "smelling strong or bad" and could be used to describe body odor. The application of funky to jazz was explained in 1959 by one F. Newton in Jazz Scene: "Critics are on the search for something a little more like the old, original, passion-laden blues: the trade-name which has been suggested for it is 'funky' (literally: 'smelly,' i.e. symbolizing the return from the upper atmosphere to the physical, down-to-earth reality)."

 [形][副]からかい半分の[で], おちょくった[て];皮肉な[で].
Meant or expressed ironically or facetiously.
形容詞,不可當真的,調侃的。例句:He said that he was America’s greatest lover, although I suspect it was tongue-in-cheek.(他說他是美國最偉大的愛人,不過我把這句話當玩笑。)

Definition of underpay
Verb (past and past participle underpaid)

[with object]
  • pay too little to (someone).
  • pay less than is due for (something): (as adjective underpaid)late or underpaid tax