2016年9月2日 星期五

-ite, adamite, Luddite, living, talking, enduring, metabolite

In the past year, 65 percent of U.S. adults surveyed said they read a book in its printed form.
The printed book remains the popular choice for readers over their digital counterparts, according to a new study by the Pew Research Center.

 Eventually, it plans to work its way up to 100,000 genomes per year. The company will also sequence the genomes of the body’s multitudes of microbial inhabitants, called the microbiome, and analyze the thousands of metabolites that can be found in blood and other patient samples.

Dictionaries That Speak
Wall Street Journal
The Living Tongues Institute for Endangered Languages and National Geographic's Enduring Voices project announced eight new talking dictionaries, containing 32000 entries and 24000 audio files. Listen to a sampler of the new online talking dictionaries ...

Simon University 的讀者,很快就會找到翻譯的小小缺失:ADAMITE在A. S. Byatt《迷情書蹤》的翻譯討論出現過:

In his day, works on Evolution had been catalogued under Pre-Adamite Man.





-ite為某某後裔, 某某一族, 某某路線人, 某處之民等等, 諸如此類...
因此Adamite即亞當一族的人, 而根據創造論(也就是在進化論出現之前西方唯一的宇宙起源論), 所有人類都源自亞當, 亞當是第一人, 亞當之前沒有人.
進化論出現, 這理論裡面自然沒有亞當的地位.
所以pre-Adamite Man 其實是一個很矛盾的名詞
相信創造, 相信亞當, 亞當之前就沒有人
不相信創造, 不相信亞當, 就不能用亞當作為人類和類人的分水嶺
這個oxymoron, 既不合創造論, 又不合進化論. 正反映那個時代新舊相交又對立, 傳統與現代雜處接壤, 科學與宗教糾結又論戰的轉型期氛圍, 新的學說還是免不了用舊的label, 才有"亞當之前的人類"這種怪組合來收納進化論類的著作.

不過聖經一派的學者, 也有人主張亞當之外與之前, 還有別系人類 (來源說法不一). 他們主張上帝造世界的"天上"一日, 其實是"地上"萬萬年. 這類說法也採用了 pre-Adamite man/men這個名詞. 就屬於創造論或神學裡的"亞當之前的人類"了.

至於pre-Adamite man的現代用法, 亞當也者, 大概只是概括修飾, 意指在人類出現的各式各期原始人類吧. 小讀者對進化論一竅不通, 只是common reader的隨想而已.

下面的第二義 大概有天體"主義"的意趣在其中...
1. A descendant of Adam; a human being.

2. (Eccl. Hist.) One of a sect of visionaries, who, professing to imitate the state of Adam, discarded the use of dress in their assemblies.


這個譯註是不通的。不是模仿"亞當人",而是模仿"亞當(作風)"的人, 直譯或可作"亞當派"。


1. Native or resident of: New Jerseyite.
2. a. Descendant of: Levite. b. Adherent or follower of: Luddite.
3. A part of an organ, body, or bodily part: somite.
4. a. Rock; mineral: graphite. b. Fossil: trilobite.
5. a. Product: metabolite. b. A commercial product: ebonite.

(The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, Third Edition Copyright © 1992)
hc感謝小讀者對 adamite的解釋,我受益大,因為《米沃什詞典》談adamite 時,有其特別的個人經驗之上下文,是「宗教信徒」和「塵世」的「色情幻想」交織的。所以誠如「……下面的第二義 大概有天體"主義"的意趣在其中...」

  1. a member of any of the bands of English workers who destroyed machinery, especially in cotton and woollen mills, which they believed was threatening their jobs (1811–16).
    • derogatory
      a person opposed to increased industrialization or new technology.
      "a small-minded Luddite resisting progress"


me • tab • o • lite
metabolites (複数形)


1. A nudist.

After the name of some Christian sects who professed to imitate the first human, Adam, in not wearing any clothes

2. A human being.
[After Adam, the prototypical human.]

3. A mineral (zinc arsenate hydroxide) usually yellow and green in color.
[After mineralogist Gilbert Joseph Adam (1795-1881).]

"Among the curious assembly in this utopian community were British transcendentalist Charles Lane and his ten-year-old son; Isaac Hecker, who founded the Roman Catholic Paulist Fathers; and an adamite." — Laurie Morrow; The Philosopher's Daughter; The World & I (Washington, DC); May 2002.