ba·salt (bə-sôlt', bā'sôlt')
- A hard, dense, dark volcanic rock composed chiefly of plagioclase, pyroxene, and olivine, and often having a glassy appearance.
- A kind of hard unglazed pottery.
[Latin basaltēs, alteration of basanītēs, touchstone, from Greek basanītēs (lithos), from basanos, of Egyptian origin.]Visitors marvel at a Moai statue weighing 6 tons at the Marunouchi Building in Tokyo's Chiyoda Ward on Tuesday. It took more than a month to transport the 3-meter carving, called "Moai of Peace," by ship from Chile's Easter Island. The basalt statue was completed in 1992, after which islanders infused it with "manna" (spiritual power) through a religious ceremony. (YUKO YAMADA/ STAFF PHOTOGRAPHER)