2008年1月31日 星期四

Kiosk

Dell will close its 140 mall and airport kiosks in the U.S. as the PC maker continues to shift its strategy to focus on sales at retailer partners like Staples and Wal-Mart.

Kiosk

An independent stand from which merchandise is sold, often placed in the common area of a regional Shopping Center.


IN BRIEF: A small structure with one or more open sides.

pronunciation Harold spent the summer selling mashed potato sandwiches and ginger ale from a kiosk by the seashore.

Wikipedia article "Kiosk".


El Cóndor Pasa

El Cóndor Pasa is a song from the zarzuela El Cóndor Pasa by the Peruvian composer Daniel Alomía Robles written in 1913 and based on traditional Andean folk tunes. It is possibly the best-known Peruvian song worldwide, partly due to a cover version by Simon and Garfunkel in 1970 (together with Urubamba group) on their Bridge Over Troubled Water album, which is called "El Condor Pasa (If I Could)" in full. Paul Simon used only the melody and wrote entirely new, unrelated lyrics.

注:El Condor Pasa(Fly Like An Eagle)已被列入聯合國世界文化遺產,當前博客背景音樂為班德瑞演繹的該曲目,本文尾鏈有Paul Simon & Garfunkel演繹的版本,別有一番風情,百聽不厭。


歌曲簡介:
《El Condor Pasa (Fly Like An Eagle) 》是一首反抗西班牙殖民者的南美秘魯民歌,後被Paul Simon & Garfunkel改編,用英文重唱。這首歌曲已經被列入聯合國世界文化遺產了。旋律寧靜、深邃、高遠,讓人心境明澈,是不可多的的優秀作品。
El Condor Pasa的原型據傳出自秘魯自由戰士Tupac Amaro的故事。1780年,他在領導一場反抗西班牙人的起義中被害,死後化作一隻雄鷹,永遠翱翔于祖國的安第斯山上空。秘魯人民憑歌寄意,表達了對英雄的懷念以及對自由的不息追求。歌名直譯過來就是“老鷹在飛”,中文有多個譯名,山鷹之歌、神鷹展翅、雄鷹高飛等等。
Paul Simon & Garfunkel演繹的版本具有濃厚拉丁美洲鄉間味道。排蕭的演奏給整個曲子帶來高亢而飄逸的美感。 Simon的聲線並不高昂,但相當有韻味,而Garfunkel對和聲的處理令人叫絕,與美妙的旋律配合得天衣無縫。英文歌詞用了四對物體作比較:麻雀和 蝸牛,鐵錘和鐵釘,森林和街道,天鵝與人。而作者都選擇每一對比較物的前者,因為它們比後者享有更大、更多的自由。正如歌曲最後表達的一種心情:天鵝自由 自在地高飛于藍天,而人卻被束縛在大地上,唱著最悲哀的歌。但同時歌曲中充滿了一種現實感,表達了作者希望能夠腳踏實地。所以,此歌講述的是一種不脫離現 實的自由,也就是現實條件下所允許的自由。
一首很輕快的歌,帶著一種歡快的節奏,想像那種自由翱翔,擁抱藍天,俯瞰大地,傲視群峰的感覺。傳說這樣矯健的老鷹是世界上最長命的鳥類,它們有70年的壽命,40年一次磨礪而後重生,不得不打心眼裏佩服這些生靈的那種堅強而旺盛的生命力
神鷹是翱翔與安第斯山的神鳥,從遊吟者內心深處流淌出來的正是對沉澱與古老的印第安民族血液中濃情的宣洩,對高飛精靈的嚮往!淒婉的旋律在空中回蕩,震撼著人們的心弦。手指沿著琴頸在琴弦間跳動,激起人們內心深處思鄉的惆悵。
“吉他伸展變成了雨,記憶安第斯山的神鳥的鳴叫,變成了石英的根,和依戀與河流的柳樹,他們向我們講述了秘魯民歌《雄鷹飛逝(El condor Pasa)》。班德瑞的音樂以空靈、悠遠著稱,曾被用為“催眠音樂”。這首歌也不例外,它能讓人平靜下來……仿佛自己徜徉在歐洲中部那令人神往的山林裏。
秘魯人們在遼闊的安第斯傷心博大的愛和它的痛苦!展現了安第斯山山地居民靈魂所有情感,和安第斯山居民看的見的痛楚,只有溫暖和太陽近在咫尺的有力的心!”


El Condor Pasa(Fly Like An Eagle)
中英譯詞:
I'd rather be a sparrow than a snail
Yes I would, if I could, I surely would, hm-m
I'd rather be a hammer than a nail
Yes I would, if I only could, I surely would, hm-m
Away, I'd rather sail away
Like a swan that's here and gone
A man gets tied up to the ground
He gives the world its saddest sound
Its saddest sound
I'd rather be a forest than a street
Yes I would, if I could, I surely would
I'd rather feel the earth beneath my feet
Yes I would, if I only could, I surely would.

我寧可是隻麻雀,也不願做一隻蝸牛

沒錯,如果可以,我會這樣選擇

我寧可是支鐵鎚,也不願是一根鐵釘

沒錯,如果真的可以,我會這樣選擇

我願航行到遠方

像來了又去的天鵝

一個人如果被束縛在地上

他會向世界發出最悲傷的聲音

最悲傷的聲音

我寧可是座森林,也不願是一條街道

沒錯,如果可以,我會這樣選擇

我寧可感受大地就在你的腳下

沒錯,如果真的可以,我會這樣選擇


我寧可當麻雀也不當蝸牛。
我寧願如此。如果我能夠,我當然願意。
我寧可當鐵錘也不當鐵釘。
我寧願如此。如果我能,我當然願意。
飛走,我寧可飛走,
像天鵝一樣來去自由。
人被地面束縛,
發出的聲音最悲,聲音最悲。
我寧可當森林也不當街道。
我寧願如此。若我能做到,我當然願意。
我寧可感覺腳踏實地。
我寧願如此。如果能如此,我肯定願意。
飛走,我寧可飛走,
像天鵝一樣來去自由。

人被地面束縛,
發出的聲音最悲,聲音最悲。

重新發一首讓70年代人很有感覺的歌曲。

ampersand &

妙哉!台大出版社的 &&:&青春不開溜&


ampersand

The ampersand (&) normally means "and" as in Jones & Company. However, in the computer world, it is used in various ways. In Windows, it is used as a code to precede an underlined character. As a result, in some input dialogs, you have to enter a double ampersand (&&) to actually define a single ampersand.

In programming, a double ampersand is used to represent the Boolean AND operator such as in the C statement, if (x >= 100 && x >= 199).

In HTML, the ampersand is used to code foreign letters and special characters such as the copyright and trademark symbols. See ampersand codes.


An ampersand (&), also commonly called an "and sign" is a logogram representing the conjunction "and." The symbol is a ligature of the letters in et, Latin for "and." Its origin is apparent in the second example in the image to the left below; the first example, now more common, is a later development.

Name

The roman ampersand at left is stylized, but the italic one at right reveals its origin in the Latin word et.
Enlarge
The roman ampersand at left is stylized, but the italic one at right reveals its origin in the Latin word et.

The word ampersand is a corruption of the phrase "and per se and", meaning "and [the symbol which] by itself [is] and".[1] The Scots and Scottish English name for & is epershand, derived from "et per se and" with the same meaning.

There is a common rumour that the word comes from an inventor named Linus Amper, hence 'Amper's And' [1].





2008年1月30日 星期三

reserve (KEEP SEPARATE), jersey, Eire, Ireland


Sixty years ago Hayek in The Road to Serfdom had already made the connection. He quoted Peter Drucker: "Fascism is the stage reached after communism has proved an illusion." Communists and fascists, Hayek continues, "compete for the same type of mind and reserve for each other the hatred of the heretic."


eire
n.Air. [Obs.] Chaucer.

Eire
pronunciation

IN BRIEF: n. - A republic consisting of 26 of 32 counties comprising the island of Ireland.

Éire formally withdrew from the British Commonwealth and became the Republic of Ireland sixty years ago today. Europe's third largest island, Ireland was controlled by Great Britain — the island located east of Ireland — for many centuries, finally becoming a part of the United Kingdom in 1801. In 1922, after a War of Independence, Ireland was split into two: the Irish Free State, which would have dominion status in the Commonwealth, and Northern Ireland, which chose to rejoin the United Kingdom. Fifteen years later, in 1937, the nation took the next step in its independence declaring itself the sovereign state of Éire.
Quote:

"Ireland is where strange tales begin and happy endings are possible." — Charles Haughey

jersey (CLOTHING) Show phonetics
noun [C]
1 a piece of woollen or cotton clothing with sleeves which is worn on the upper part of the body and which does not open at the front

2 a shirt which is worn by a member of a sports team


Spotlight
Michael Jordan's Final Game
Michael Jordan's Final Game       
When basketball great Michael Jordan retired (for the first time) in 1993, his team's jersey number 23 was retired along with him. This year, Nike released its 23rd version of Air Jordans. In 1995, Jordan announced his return to professional play with the two word press release, "I'm back." The next day he rejoined the Chicago Bulls on the court, wearing jersey number 45. Today Jordan celebrates his 45th birthday. And if that weren't enough coincidences for one day, tonight is the NBA All-Star game in New Orleans.
Quote

"I've failed over and over and over again in my life and that is why I succeed." — Michael Jordan


reserve (KEEP SEPARATE) Show phonetics
verb [T]
1 to keep something for a particular purpose or time:
I reserve Mondays for tidying my desk and answering letters.
These seats are reserved for the elderly and women with babies.
I reserve judgment on this issue (= I won't give an opinion on it now) until we have more information.

2 If you reserve something such as a seat on an aircraft or a table at a restaurant, you arrange for it to be kept for your use:
I reserved a double room at the Lamb Hotel.
[+ two objects] If you get there early, reserve me a seat/reserve a seat for me.

reservation Show phonetics
noun
1 [C or U] when you arrange to have something such as a seat on an aircraft or a table at a restaurant kept for you:
I'd like to make a table reservation for two people for 9 o'clock.
Please confirm your reservation in writing by Friday.
See also reservation.

2 [C] an area of land made available for a particular group of people to live in:
The family lives on a Native American reservation.

3 [C] (ALSO reserve, US ALSO preserve) an area of land in which wild animals are protected:
He's the chief warden of a big-game reservation.

reserve Show phonetics
noun
1 [C or U] when you keep something or a supply of something until it is needed, or a supply that you keep:
She keeps a little money in reserve (= for use if and when needed).
The librarian has put the book on reserve for me (= will keep it for me when it becomes available).
We still have a reserve of food/food reserves in case of emergency.

2 [C] (ALSO reservation, US ALSO preserve) an area of land kept in its natural state, especially for wild animals to live in to be protected:
a nature/game/wildlife reserve

3 [C] in sports, an extra player who is ready to play if needed:
We had two reserves in case anyone was injured.

the reserves plural noun預備軍人
a group of people who are not permanently in the armed forces but are used only if needed:
They will call up the reserves.

reserved Show phonetics
adjective
May I sit here, or is this seat/table reserved?

reservist Show phonetics
noun [C]
a person who is trained as a soldier and is ready to fight in the army if needed






2008年1月29日 星期二

jigger, scree, abut




With Europe's northern coastline abutting Russia's, helping to secure the reactors at Murmansk reduces the risk of potential contamination in European waters.


abut 
verb [T never passiveI + preposition] -tt- FORMAL
If a building or area of land abuts on something, it is next to it or touches it on one side:
Mexico abuts (on) some of the richest parts of the United States.
Their house abutted (onto) the police station.


━━ v. (-tt-) (隣)接する ((on, upon)); 寄り掛かる ((against)).
 a・but・ment ━━ n. 【建】隣接(点); 橋台; せり台 ((アーチの)).
 a・but・tals ━━ n.pl. 境界(地).



scree 是碎石嗎?

另外一種不容易傳達的是地理特性等
譬如說
{法國中尉的女人}大陸本將scree翻譯為碎石


"伍德拉夫小姐!"他舉起帽子,大聲說道,"您怎麼到這兒來呢?"
"我剛才看見您到這兒來啦。"
他踩著碎石向上走了幾步,靠她近了一些。她的帽子又是拿在手裏。查理斯發現,她的頭髮有點松亂,好象她在風裏站過,但剛才並沒有颳風呀。散亂的頭髮使她看上去有點野性,而她盯著查理斯時的神氣更增加了這種野性感。他不明白,自己先前為什麼沒相信她真的有點瘋呢?


scree 其實有專名:
 ━━ n. 【地学】がれ(場); 崖錐(がいすい).

是"不小的":

scree (看圖 那一是英國南方的......) Show phonetics
noun [C or U] SPECIALIZED
(an area on the side of a mountain covered with) large loose broken stones


Loose rock debris covering a slope.

A slope of loose rock debris at the base of a steep incline or cliff.


jigger (CHANGE)
verb [T] US
to change something, especially unfairly or illegally:
The ruling party jiggered the election results to be sure they would stay in power.EBay Rejiggers Fees for Sellers
EBay said it will cut by up to 50% the fees it charges sellers to list their goods online, and will instead take a bigger cut of completed sales.


━━ n. jigを踊る人; 【虫】スナノミ ((ノミ[ダニ]の一種)); (酒の)計量カップ(1杯の分量); 〔話〕 代物 ((とっさに名称が思い出せない時用いる)).
noun [C] US
a small round metal container which is used for measuring strong alcoholic drinks, or the amount of alcohol which this container holds 1. Also called a shot or shot glass, a jigger is a small drinking glass-shaped container that usually holds about 11⁄2 ounces, but can also be a 1- or 2-ounce size. It's generally used to measure liquor. 2. The term is also used to describe the quantity of liquid such a measure holds, as in "a jigger of whiskey."See also pony; shot.

go/turn green / rabbits guzzler

go/turn green
to look pale and ill as if you are going to vomit


Verb: feed upon
  1. Be sustained by
    - feed on

Derived forms: fed upon, feeding upon, feeds upon


Rethinking the Meat-Guzzler

guzzler

Edward Lear 33/112
(1812-1888)

A Book of Nonsense
No. 33
There was an Old Person whose habits

There was an Old Person whose habits,
Induced him to feed upon rabbits;
When he'd eaten eighteen,
He turned perfectly green,
Upon which he relinquished those habits.

從前從前有個老頭子,
他習慣吃兔子;
當他吃完第十八隻,
腸胃已經完全不支,
於是他放棄了其餘的兔子。

RL初譯於 2004/08/21


" public citizen " / Public Citizen

最近Public Citizen見報
有各種翻譯
如下三種:

公民(Public Citizen)」

... 「公共市民(Public Citizen)」對於治療骨質疏鬆症的Teriparatide提出警告 ... 2003 年4月4 日-公共市民(Public Citizen)第一次警告美國食品與藥物管理局(FDA) 不應批准 ...

华盛顿2003-10-29 消费者民主组织Public Citizen(公众PC,下同)向FDA递交了抗抑郁药 ... Public Citizen 坚持该药的肝毒性危险源于其能抑制一种关键酶,而这种酶参予 ..


(美國) 法人組織 Public Citizen參考Public Citizen v 肉毒桿菌美容
因為是法人 所以建設不翻譯 即採用原名


至於下文 [英文版] 美国律师协会职业行为示范规则(2004版)(序言)PREAMBLE: A LAWYER'S RESPONSIBILITIES中之" public citizen " 意思為 "公民"......



pub・lic


━━ a. 公共の, 公衆の, 公の; 公務の; 公衆用の, 公立の, 公開の; 公然の; 知れ渡った.
go public 株式を一般公開する.
make public 公表する.
━━ n. 公衆, 国民, 社会; 世間; …界, 仲間; (特定の作家や本の)読者, (音楽家の)聴衆.
in public 人前に[で]; 公然と.
public good [benefit, interest(s)] 公益.
public access (the ~) 一般大衆のある土地[地域]に近づく[入る]権利.
public access television [channel] 〔米〕 視聴者制作テレビ放送(のチャンネル).
public access terminal 【コンピュータ】公衆アクセス端末.
public accountant 公共会計士.
public-address sstem 拡声装置.
public affairs 公共のことがら.
pub・li・can ━━ n. 〔英〕 パブ(pub)の主人; (古ローマの)収税吏.
public assistance 生活保護.
public bar 〔英〕 (パブの)大衆席.
public bill 一般法律案.
public carrier 【コンピュータ】公衆[一般]通信事業者.
public company 〔英〕 【経済】(株式の)公開会社.
public convenience 〔英〕 (駅・デパートなどの)公衆便所.
public corporation 〔英〕 公共企業体, 公社.
public debt 【財政】公共負債.
public defender 〔米〕 公選弁護人.
public deposit 【金融】公金預金, 国家預金 ((中央銀行に預けられる国家の省庁の勘定)).
public domain 〔米〕 (国や州の)公有地; 著作[特許]権消滅状態.
in the public domain (著作権・特許権消失により)自由に使用できる.
public domain software 【コンピュータ】パブリック・ドメイン・ソフトウェア ((略 PDS)).
public education 公教育.
public enemy 公敵, 社会の敵.
public examination 〔英〕 【法】(破産宣言をする者の法廷での)公開審問.
public finance 【財政】財政, 国家[地方]財政, 財政資金(調達), 公共的財源(確保).
public finance accountant 〔英〕 【会計】公共財政の会計担当勅許[公認]会計士, 公共勅許会計士.
public health 公衆衛生(学).
public holiday 祝日, 祭日.
public house 〔英〕 居酒屋, パブ; 宿屋.
public housing 〔米〕 (低所得者用の)公営住宅.
public inquiry (事故原因などの)公式調査.
public issue 【株】(株や債券の)公募; 公募債 (publicly issued bond).
pub・li・cist ━━ n. 国際法学者; 政治評論家[記者]; 宣伝係.
pub・lic・i・ty
 ━━ n. 知れ渡ること, 周知; 公表; 評判; 宣伝, 広告(業).
publicity agent [man] 広告代理業者; 宣伝係.
pub・li・cize ━━ vt. 宣伝[広告,公表]する.
public key 【コンピュータ】公開鍵.
public key cipher 公開鍵暗号.
public law 公法.
Public Lending Right 公貸(こうたい)権 ((図書館での公共の貸出しに対して著者が著作権料支払を要求できる権利)).
public limited company 〔英〕 【商業】公開有限責任会社.
pub・lic・ly ━━ ad. 公然と; 世論で; 公的に, 政府によって.
public monopoly 【経済】公的独占.
public network 【コンピュータ】公衆通信回線.
public nuisance 【法】公的不法妨害; 公害; 〔話〕 厄介者.
public opinion (poll) 世論(調査).
public ownership (特定の産業などの)国有(権).
public policy 公序良俗.
public property 公共財産.
public prosecutor 検察官.
public purse (the ~) 国庫.
public relations ((単複両扱い)) 広報活動, PR; 広報部[課]; 企業の社会との関係; (世間の)受け, 評判.
public relations officer 広報[渉外]担当官.
public sale 【法】公売.
public school 〔米・スコットランド〕 公立学校; 〔英〕 パブリック・スクール ((寄宿制私立中学・高校)).
public sector (the ~) 公共部門, 公営企業.
public servant [official] 公務員.
public service 〔米〕 公共事業; 公務; 公共[社会]奉仕.
public-service corporation 〔米〕 公益事業会社.
Public Service nterprise Group パブリック・サービス・エンタープライズ・グループ ((米国の電気・ガス供給会社)).
public speaking 演説(法).
public spending 【財政】公共支出.
public spirit 公共心.
public-spirited a. 公共心のある.
public television 〔米〕 公共テレビ放送.
public transport 公共輸送機関.
public utility 公益事業.
public warehouse 公益倉庫 ((貨物を一時保管する私営・公営の港湾倉庫)).
public works 〔米〕 公共土木事業.

cit・i・zen


,
━━ n. 市民, 公民; 人民; 住民; 都会人; 文民; 国民.
citizen-friendly ━━ a. (法律用語などが分かりやすくて)(一般)市民に優しい.
citizen of the world 世界人, コスモポリタン.
cit・i・zen・ry ━━ n. (普通the ~) ((単複両扱い)) 市民.
Citizens Advice Bureau 〔英〕 (the ~) 市民相談協会 ((法律その他の問題に無料で助言する民間団体)).
citizen's arrest 民間人による逮捕行為.
citizens' band (時にC- B-) 民間周波数帯 ((トランシーバーなど民間の近距離連絡用;略CB)).
cit・i・zen・ship ━━ n. 市民の身分, 公民[市民]権.

Definition:
1. legal resident of country: somebody who has the right to live in a country because he or she was born there or has been legally accepted as a permanent resident

2. county, town, or city dweller: a permanent resident of a county, town, or city

3. civilian: somebody who is not a member of the armed forces, a police officer, or a public official

[13th century. <> citezein<> citeain<> civitat- (see city)]




[英文版] 美国律师协会职业行为示范规则(2004版)(序言)

PREAMBLE: A LAWYER'S RESPONSIBILITIES

[1] A lawyer, as a member of the legal profession, is a representative of clients, an officer of the legal system and a public citizen having special responsibility for the quality of justice.

[2] As a representative of clients, a lawyer performs various functions. As advisor, a lawyer provides a client with an informed understanding of the client's legal rights and obligations and explains their practical implications. As advocate, a lawyer zealously asserts the client's position under the rules of the adversary system. As negotiator, a lawyer seeks a result advantageous to the client but consistent with requirements of honest dealings with others. As an evaluator, a lawyer acts by examining a client's legal affairs and reporting about them to the client or to others.

[3] In addition to these representational functions, a lawyer may serve as a third-party neutral, a nonrepresentational role helping the parties to resolve a dispute or other matter. Some of these Rules apply directly to lawyers who are or have served as third-party neutrals. See, e.g., Rules 1.12 and 2.4. In addition, there are Rules that apply to lawyers who are not active in the practice of law or to practicing lawyers even when they are acting in a nonprofessional capacity. For example, a lawyer who commits fraud in the conduct of a business is subject to discipline for engaging in conduct involving dishonesty, fraud, deceit or misrepresentation. See Rule 8.4.

[4] In all professional functions a lawyer should be competent, prompt and diligent. A lawyer should maintain communication with a client concerning the representation. A lawyer should keep in confidence information relating to representation of a client except so far as disclosure is required or permitted by the Rules of Professional Conduct or other law.

[5] A lawyer's conduct should conform to the requirements of the law, both in professional service to clients and in the lawyer's business and personal affairs. A lawyer should use the law's procedures only for legitimate purposes and not to harass or intimidate others. A lawyer should demonstrate respect for the legal system and for those who serve it, including judges, other lawyers and public officials. While it is a lawyer's duty, when necessary, to challenge the rectitude of official action, it is also a lawyer's duty to uphold legal process.

[6] As a public citizen, a lawyer should seek improvement of the law, access to the legal system, the administration of justice and the quality of service rendered by the legal profession. As a member of a learned profession, a lawyer should cultivate knowledge of the law beyond its use for clients, employ that knowledge in reform of the law and work to strengthen legal education. In addition, a lawyer should further the public's understanding of and confidence in the rule of law and the justice system because legal institutions in a constitutional democracy depend on popular participation and support to maintain their authority. A lawyer should be mindful of deficiencies in the administration of justice and of the fact that the poor, and sometimes persons who are not poor, cannot afford adequate legal assistance. Therefore, all lawyers should devote professional time and resources and use civic influence to ensure equal access to our system of justice for all those who because of economic or social barriers cannot afford or secure adequate legal counsel. A lawyer should aid the legal profession in pursuing these objectives and should help the bar regulate itself in the public interest.

[7] Many of a lawyer's professional responsibilities are prescribed in the Rules of Professional Conduct, as well as substantive and procedural law. However, a lawyer is also guided by personal conscience and the approbation of professional peers. A lawyer should strive to attain the highest level of skill, to improve the law and the legal profession and to exemplify the legal profession's ideals of public service.

[8] A lawyer's responsibilities as a representative of clients, an officer of the legal system and a public citizen are usually harmonious. Thus, when an opposing party is well represented, a lawyer can be a zealous advocate on behalf of a client and at the same time assume that justice is being done. So also, a lawyer can be sure that preserving client confidences ordinarily serves the public interest because people are more likely to seek legal advice, and thereby heed their legal obligations, when they know their communications will be private.

[9] In the nature of law practice, however, conflicting responsibilities are encountered. Virtually all difficult ethical problems arise from conflict between a lawyer's responsibilities to clients, to the legal system and to the lawyer's own interest in remaining an ethical person while earning a satisfactory living. The Rules of Professional Conduct often prescribe terms for resolving such conflicts. Within the framework of these Rules, however, many difficult issues of professional discretion can arise. Such issues must be resolved through the exercise of sensitive professional and moral judgment guided by the basic principles underlying the Rules. These principles include the lawyer's obligation zealously to protect and pursue a client's legitimate interests, within the bounds of the law, while maintaining a professional, courteous and civil attitude toward all persons involved in the legal system.

[10] The legal profession is largely self-governing. Although other professions also have been granted powers of self-government, the legal profession is unique in this respect because of the close relationship between the profession and the processes of government and law enforcement. This connection is manifested in the fact that ultimate authority over the legal profession is vested largely in the courts.

[11] To the extent that lawyers meet the obligations of their professional calling, the occasion for government regulation is obviated. Self-regulation also helps maintain the legal profession's independence from government domination. An independent legal profession is an important force in preserving government under law, for abuse of legal authority is more readily challenged by a profession whose members are not dependent on government for the right to practice.

[12] The legal profession's relative autonomy carries with it special responsibilities of self-government. The profession has a responsibility to assure that its regulations are conceived in the public interest and not in furtherance of parochial or self-interested concerns of the bar. Every lawyer is responsible for observance of the Rules of Professional Conduct. A lawyer should also aid in securing their observance by other lawyers. Neglect of these responsibilities compromises the independence of the profession and the public interest which it serves.

[13] Lawyers play a vital role in the preservation of society. The fulfillment of this role requires an understanding by lawyers of their relationship to our legal system. The Rules of Professional Conduct, when properly applied, serve to define that relationship.