2016年1月2日 星期六

demure, tête-à-tête, topmost, beat, blur, blurb, dim, fade, dilapidated, on the market

Toyota is also rethinking its lineup of cars for every region of the world and accelerating offerings of more environmentally friendly vehicles. And it’s already planning for 2030, when it envisions a world in which hybrid vehicles — and other types, like those that run on hydrogen — dominate the roads as traditional internal combustion engines fade in importance.

Still Proud, Still Kicking, Still Nice and Rough
Tina Turner was a ferocious, shaky blur at Madison Square Garden on Monday.


Shaky Economy Suddenly Dims Russian ProspectsMOSCOW — This week, Moscow looked every inch the glittering financial capital it aspires to be.

Luxury cars were jammed up for blocks outside a lavish art opening at the Red October chocolate factory, where long-legged models congregated around works by Andy Warhol and Picasso. President Dmitri A. Medvedev, flanked by the country’s commercial titans, talked of his longtime dream of building a trade and commerce hub that would challenge New York and London.

But that prospect has begun to look less certain. The stock market plunged so precipitously earlier this week that the government halted trading for two days. Stocks roared back with a 28 percent gain on Friday. But the market is still down by nearly half since May.



The many admiring blurbs on the back of the book jacket made me want to read the book right away.

By RACHEL DONADIO
Book blurbs are a tangled mass of friendships, rivalries, favors traded and debts repaid, not always in good faith.

pronunciation
MUSEUM REVIEW
Good Guys, Bad Guys and Spies, All Wrapped in ‘Edutainment’
By EDWARD ROTHSTEIN
The International Spy Museum and the National Museum of Crime & Punishment in Washington promise the latest forms of “edutainment,” which generously blur boundaries between fact and fancy.


tête-à-tête, demure, top or beat expectations

Just as Carla charmed the Queen of England and Princes Charles and Philip with her demure French schoolgirl look, she charmed George and Laura Bush on their visit, inviting Laura 30 minutes early for a girls’ tête-à-tête, and then sitting next to the American president and keeping him entertained with a spirited conversation in English, one of her three languages and sort of his one language.
At a press availability the next day, W. interrupted his own boring observation about “the importance of the Doha Round” to smilingly tell his pal Sarko: “It was a great pleasure to have been able to meet your wife. She’s a really smart, capable woman, and I can see why you married her. And I can see why she married you, too.”

The Carla Effect
sultry (SEXY), polygamy and polyandry

Earnings Fall, but Goldman Tops Expectations
股價或績效比預期佳的名動詞可用 top or beat


Bill Clinton Speech Fees Topped $4.7 Million in '08
Bill Clinton earned more than $4.7 million last year in speaking fees from engagements in countries around the world, including Kuwait and China.


In 2003, Jane Prophet and David Richardson found a dilapidated but promising three-story 2,100-square-foot house, at the far left of the photo, in the Crouch End section of north London. Now, after an extensive overhaul, they have put it on the market.


dilapidated 

describes something old and in poor condition:
The hotel we stayed in was really dilapidated.
a dilapidated old car/shed

dilapidation Show phonetics
noun [U]
The farmhouse fell into a state of dilapidation.


on the market
available for sale:
We put our house on the market as soon as house prices started to rise.
This is one of the best televisions on the market.
The pictures would sell for half a million on the open market (= if offered for sale without a fixed price).

beat (DEFEAT) Show phonetics
verb [T] beatbeaten or US ALSO beat
1 to defeat or do better than:
Simon always beats me at tennis.
Holland beat Belgium (by) 3-1.
Our team was comfortably/easily/soundly beaten in the first round of the competition.
The nationalists were narrowly beaten in the local election.
He beat me fair and square (= without cheating).
They were beaten hands down (= completely) by their opponents.
She has beaten her own record of three minutes ten seconds.
US He beat out all the top competitors in his sport.
[+ ing form of verb] INFORMAL Taking the bus sure beats (= is better than) walking.
SLANG Taking the bus beats the hell out of (= is much better than) walking all the way there.
You can't beat (= there is nothing better than) a cold beer on a hot afternoon.

2 To beat something that is going to happen is to take action before the thing happens:
Let's try to beat the traffic problems by leaving early in the morning.
I always do my shopping early to beat the rush.

beating Show phonetics
noun [C]
a defeat:
We took a beating in our last match.


top (HIGHEST PART) Show phonetics
noun [C]
1 the highest place or part:
She waited for me at the top of the stairs.
There were flags on the tops of many of the buildings.
There was a pile of books on top of (= on) the table.
See also clifftophilltopmountaintoprooftopthe treetops. Compare bottom (LOWEST PART)summit (HIGHEST POINT).
NOTE: The opposite is bottom.

2 the flat upper surface of something:
The top of the table/desk was badly scratched.

top Show phonetics
adjective [before noun]
at the highest part of something:
There's a dirty mark on the top left-hand corner of the photo.
The offices are on the top floor of the building.
He was standing on the top rung of a ladder.

top Show phonetics
verb [T] -pp-
1 to be the most important, best, most successful, etc:
The record topped the charts (= sold the largest number of recordings) for five weeks.
She topped the bill (= was the most important act in the show).
See also topping.

2 (ALSO top offto be on the upper surface of something, especially as a decoration:
The dessert was topped off with cream and pieces of fruit.

topmost Show phonetics
adjective [before noun]
highest:
We couldn't reach the apples on the topmost branches.

topping Show phonetics
noun [C or U]
a substance, especially a sauce, cream or pieces of food, which is put on top of other food to give extra flavour and to make it look attractive:
pizza topping
a topping of toasted almonds

Tops Forecast

Morgan Stanley Tops Forecast

In another boost to confidence on Wall Street, Morgan Stanley, the investment bank, reported a profit of $1.5 billion for its first quarter Wednesday, surpassing analyst estimates and further easing investor fears of another investment bank failure following the collapse of Bear Stearns.

top Show phonetics
verb [T] -pp-
to do, pay, etc. more or better than anyone else:
"They've offered me £1000." "I'm afraid we can't top that."
She topped my suggestion with an even better one of her own.

top (BEST) Show phonetics
adjectiveadverb
1 (in the position of being) most important or successful; best:
So what would be your top choice for a holiday.?
As a chess player he's among the top 10% in the country.

2 be/come top to be the student with the best results:
She came top of the class in English.
Sam was top at/in Science.

3 Top people, organizations or activities are the most important or successful ones:
top athletes/executives
top jobs
top universities

top- Show phonetics
prefix
used with many different words to mean 'best':
a top-class athlete
top-ranking officers

the top Show phonetics
noun [S]
the most important position in a group or organization:
At forty, he was at the top of his profession.
Life at the top is stressful.

top Show phonetics
verb [T] -pp-
to do, pay, etc. more or better than anyone else:
"They've offered me £1000." "I'm afraid we can't top that."
She topped my suggestion with an even better one of her own.

demure
adjective
(especially of women and children) quiet and well behaved:
She gave him a demure smile.

demurely 
adverb
She sat with her hands folded demurely in her lap.

tête-à-tête

(tāt'ə-tāt', tĕt'ə-tĕt'pronunciationadv. & adj.
Without the intrusion of a third person; in intimate privacy: talk tête-à-tête; a tête-à-tête supper.
n.
  1. A private conversation between two persons.
  2. A sofa for two, especially an S-shaped one allowing the occupants to face each other.
[French : tête, head + à, to + tête, head.]

blurb

(blûrb)
n.
A brief publicity notice, as on a book jacket.
[Coined by Gelett Burgess (1866–1951), American humorist.]
n. - 自賛的広告, 誇大宣伝
v. - 推薦広告をする
Wikipedia article "Blurb".
公司
Wikipedia article "Blurb (publisher)".




blur

v., blurred, blur·ring, blurs. v.tr.
  1. To make indistinct and hazy in outline or appearance; obscure.
  2. To smear or stain; smudge.
  3. To lessen the perception of; dim: “For street children . . . drugs offer the chance to blur their hopeless poverty” (Alma Guillermoprieto).
v.intr.
  1. To become indistinct.
  2. To make smudges or stains by smearing.
n.
  1. A smear or blot; a smudge.
  2. Something that is hazy and indistinct to the sight or mind.
[Probably akin to Middle English bleren, to blear.]


blur Show phonetics
noun [S]
1 something that you cannot see clearly:
If I don't wear my glasses, everything is just a blur.

2 something that you cannot remember or understand clearly:
It all happened so long ago that it's just a blur to me now.
The last few days seem to have gone by in a blur.

blur Show phonetics
verb [I or T] -rr-
1 to (make something or someone) become difficult to see clearly:
As she drifted into sleep, the doctor's face began to blur and fade.

2 to make the difference between two things less clear, or to make it difficult to see the exact truth about something:
This film blurs the line/distinction/boundary between reality and fantasy.

blurred Show phonetics
adjective
1 difficult to see, understand or separate clearly:
The photograph was very blurred.
Do you agree that male and female roles are becoming blurred ?

2 unable to see clearly:
My eyes were blurred with tears.

blurry Show phonetics
adjective
The picture on the TV went blurry.
dim Show phonetics
adjective dimmer, dimmest
1 not giving or having much light:
The lamp gave out a dim light.
He sat in a dim corner of the waiting-room.
We could see a dim (= not easily seen) shape in the fog.

2 LITERARY If your eyes are dim, you cannot see very well.

3 a dim memory/recollection, etc. something that you remember slightly, but not very well:
I had a dim recollection of having met her before.

4 INFORMAL not very clever:
He's a nice chap, but a little dim.
Don't be dim.

5 not likely to succeed:
The company's prospects for the future are rather dim.

dim Show phonetics
verb [I or T] -mm-
1 to (make something) become less bright:
Someone dimmed the lights.
The lights dimmed and the curtains opened.

2 LITERARY to (make a positive feeling or quality) less strong:
Our hopes/expectations dimmed as the hours passed.

dimly Show phonetics
adverb
The room was dimly lit.
I dimly remembered seeing the film before.


fade PhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhonetic Hide phonetics
verb [I or T]
to (cause to) lose colour, brightness or strength gradually:
If you hang your clothes out in the bright sun, they will fade.
My suntan is already fading.
They arrived home just as the light was fading (= as it was going dark).
The sun had faded the bright blue walls.

faded PhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhonetic Hide phonetics
adjective
less bright in colour than before:
faded jeans
faded curtains/wallpaper
FIGURATIVE a faded beauty (= a woman who was beautiful in the past)

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