2015年12月2日 星期三

double bind, inescapable, construe, fistula, construal, legal avenues

The Marshall Islands Are Disappearing

By CORAL DAVENPORT and JOSH HANER

Most of the Marshall Islands rise less than six feet above sea level. For the Marshallese, the destructive power of the rising seas is already an inescapable part of daily life.

「若我們無法結束紛爭,我們仍有不可逃避的道德責任,幫助難民能合法地取得安全。」 -Angelina Jolie
"If we cannot end the conflict, we have an inescapable moral duty to help refugees and provide legal avenues to safety." -Angelina Jolie
⋯⋯


By the common methods of discipline, at the expense of many tears and some

blood, I purchased the knowledge of the Latin syntax: and not long

since I was possessed of the dirty volumes of Phaedrus and Cornelius

Nepos, which I painfully construed and darkly understood.
  1. But the bed was in a crowded hospital ward, and between the moments of laughter, Sarah Jonas, 18, and Mwanaidi Swalehe, 17, had an inescapable air of sadness. Pregnant at 16, both had given birth in 2007 after labor that lasted for days. Their babies had died, and the prolonged labor had inflicted a dreadful injury on the mothers: an internal wound called a fistula, which left them incontinent and soaked in urine.

on Page 23:
" ...It is an attractive theory, but not all the premises are secure and not all the conclusions inescapable"



  1. Informal. A difficult, restrictive, or unresolvable situation: found themselves in a bind when their car broke down.
double bind
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Double_bind
n.
  1. A psychological impasse created when contradictory demands are made of an individual, such as a child or an employee, so that no matter which directive is followed, the response will be construed as incorrect.
  2. A situation in which a person must choose between equally unsatisfactory alternatives; a punishing and inescapable dilemma.

inescapable
adjective
If a fact or a situation is inescapable, it cannot be ignored or avoided.

inescapably
adverb
We are inescapably conditioned by our upbringing.



construe

(kən-strū')
;v., -strued, -stru·ing, -strues. v.tr.
  1. To adduce or explain the meaning of; interpret: construed my smile as assent. See synonyms at explain.
  2. Grammar.
    1. To analyze the structure of (a clause or sentence).
    2. To use syntactically: The noun fish can be construed as singular or plural.
  3. To translate, especially aloud.
v.intr.
  1. To analyze grammatical structure.
  2. To be subject to grammatical analysis.
n. (kŏn'strū')or construal
An interpretation or translation.
[Middle English construen, from Late Latin cōnstruere, from Latin, to build. See construct.]

瘘管
., pl. -las or -lae (-lē').
An abnormal duct or passage resulting from injury, disease, or a congenital disorder that connects an abscess, cavity, or hollow organ to the body surface or to another hollow organ.
[Middle English, from Latin.]

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