2016年9月28日 星期三

vilify, get the sack, smear campaign, reduction of Muslims to caricature

Confucius was born on September 28th 551BC. Since he came to power, Xi Jinping has sought to elevate Confucius—whom Mao vilified—as the grand progenitor of Chinese culture


In January we wrote that the terror attacks on the Charlie Hebdo offices in Paris should not lead to the reduction of Muslims to caricature. From the archive

Islamists are assailing freedom of speech; but vilifying all Islam is the…
ECON.ST

Nun Lends Voice of Skepticism on Syria’s Use of Gas
Mother Agnes Mariam of the Cross, who said videos of the victims were fake, has been lauded by supporters of the Syrian government and vilified by the opposition.



The mayor of Moscow gets the sack

Russian President Dmitry Medvedev has dismissed Moscow’s mayor Yuri
Luzhov. This comes after the Kremlin-controlled media launched an
unprecedented smear campaign against the heavyweight politician who up
until recently was considered the third most powerful man in Russia.

get the sack
  1. Slang. Dismissal from employment: finally got the sack after a year of ineptitude.


smear
n.
  1. A mark made by smearing; a spot or blot.
  2. A substance to be spread on a surface.
  3. Biology. A sample, as of blood or bacterial cells, spread on a slide for microscopic examination or on the surface of a culture medium.
    1. Vilification or slander.
    2. A vilifying or slanderous remark.
[Middle English smeren, to anoint, from Old English smerian.]


campaign
n. - 戰役, 活動, 運動
v. intr. - 參加活動, 作戰, 從事活動
日本語 (Japanese)
n. -
運動, キャンペーン , 選挙運動, 軍事行動, 戦闘, 従軍
v. -
運動をする, 選挙運動をする , 軍事行動を行う, 従軍する
idioms:
  • whispering campaign 中傷デマ運動, 中傷
plan of campaign


vilify

Syllabification: (vil·i·fy)
Pronunciation: /ˈviləˌfī/


verb (vilifies, vilifying, vilified)

[with object]
  • speak or write about in an abusively disparaging manner:he has been vilified in the press
Derivatives

vilifier
noun

Origin:

late Middle English (in the sense 'lower in value'): from late Latin vilificare, from Latin vilis 'of low value' (see vile)


laud

Syllabification: (laud)
Pronunciation: /lôd/


verb

[with object] formal
  • praise (a person or their achievements) highly, especially in a public context:the obituary lauded him as a great statesman and soldier [as adjective, with submodifier]: (lauded)her much lauded rendering of Lady Macbeth

noun

archaic
  • praise:all glory, laud, and honor to Thee

Origin:

late Middle English: the noun from Old French laude, the verb from Latin laudare, both from Latin laus, laud- 'praise' (see also lauds)

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