2015年12月12日 星期六

regressive, dolorous, regressive tax, to sow doubt about, academics/auteur-for-hire, a comic-book flick



As climate change deniers face growing scrutiny and skepticism, a new undercover investigation by the environmental group Greenpeace International shines new light on academics-for-hire, who are willing to accept secret payments from fossil fuel companies to sow doubt about global warming.



Rice feeds more people than any other crop—almost half the world's population eats it every day. Asian countries' meddling in the market is creating a regressive tax on the hungry




The federal Highway Trust Fund -- which helps pay for roads, bridges, and mass transit nationwide -- will run out of money in a few weeks, but Congress can’t agree on how to refill the piggy bank. It’s rare I find myself agreeing with Republicans but they’re right when they say we shouldn’t refill it by raising the gas tax. That tax (now 18.4 cents a gallon) takes a bigger chunk out of the incomes of lower-income Americans than higher-income. It’s doubly regressive because lower-income people also tend to drive longer distances to work, in older cars that consume more gas.
auteur (O-tuhr)

noun: A filmmaker, such as a director, who has a distinct personal style and is involved in all aspects of movie-making, giving a film the unique imprint of the filmmaker.

Etymology
From French auteur (originator or author), from Latin auctor (originator), from augere (to originate, to increase). Some other words derived from the same root are auction, author, and inaugurate, and augment.

Usage
"Ang Lee, a Taiwanese director who'd been working as a kind of auteur-for-hire on the US indie circuit for several years suddenly found himself poised to become the next Kurosawa, but -- sad to say -- he blew it off to 'go Hollywood' and make the most regressive career move possible, a comic-book flick." — Giovanni Fazio; Heros at Large; The Japan Times (Tokyo); Aug 13, 2003.


"If we can discern anything from interviews with auteur Mel Gibson, however, The Passion looms as possibly one of the most presumptuous, intelligence-insulting biblical adaptations since The Ten Commandments, a film that managed to depict the exodus of the Jews without ever once referring to them as 'Jews'." — Lynn Coady; The Dolorous Passion of Mad Max; Globe and Mail (Toronto, Canada); Aug 19, 2003.


flick2 (flĭk) pronunciation
n. Slang
A movie.



dolorous Pronunciation (adjective) Marked by or exhibiting sorrow, grief, or pain.
Synonyms:lachrymose, weeping, tearful
U


regressive

Line breaks: re|gres¦sive
Pronunciation: /rɪˈgrɛsɪv /



ADJECTIVE

1Returning to a former or less developed state; characterized by regression:regressive aspects of recent local government reform
1.1Relating to or marked by psychological regression:a regressive personality
2(Of a tax) taking a proportionally greater amount from those on lower incomes:indirect taxes are, as a group, regressive
3Philosophy Proceeding from effect to cause or from particular to universal.


Derivatives



regressively

ADVERB


regressiveness

NOUN

[形]
1 後退する,逆行する;回帰する;堕落の.
2 生物退化の,退行の.
3 〈税(率)が〉逆累進の(⇔progressive).
re・gres・sive・ly
[副]後退して;逆進的に. 














































































She always speaks with a wailing, dolorous voice—you are nervously expecti
r to burst into tears every moment.




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