Concert Hour: ARD International Music Competition (III)
In Germany, ARD stands for the country’s public radio and television
network. The acronym is known worldwide in music circles because of the
annual ARD International Music Competition, sponsored by German public
broadcasting, of which Deutsche Welle is a member. In this program:
highlights from the final concerts of the competition’s most recent
The DW-WORLD Article
The amazing success of the Coastal Sales Center Group is linked to a commitment the leadership has made to the concept of CANEI. The CANEI acronym was developed by Tony Robbins over a decade ago. It stands for Constant And Never Ending Improvement and was inspired by the teachings of Dr. W. Edwards Deming. Dr. Deming is the American business consultant credited with the Japanese quality movement that started after the devastation Japan suffered during the Second World War.
An acronym is an abbreviation used as a word which is formed from the initial components in a phrase or a word. Usually these components are individual letters (as in NATO or laser) or parts of words or names (as in Benelux). There are broad currents of consensus but no universal standardization of various names for such abbreviations and of their orthographic styling. In English and most other languages, such abbreviations historically had limited use, but they became much more common in the 20th century. Acronyms are a type of word formation process, and they are viewed as a subtype of blending.
noun [C] ━━ n. 頭字語 ((例NATO)).
an abbreviation consisting of the first letters of each word in the name of something, pronounced as a word:
AIDS is an acronym for 'Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome'.
Main article: Backronym
A backronym (or bacronym) is a phrase that is constructed "after the fact" from a previously existing word. For example, the novelist and critic Anthony Burgess once proposed that the word "book" ought to stand for "Box Of Organized Knowledge." A classic real-world example of this is the name of the predecessor to the Apple Macintosh, The Apple Lisa, which was said to refer to "Local Integrated Software Architecture", but Steve Jobs' daughter, born 1978, was named Lisa. Another real-world example is the supposed meaning of the GANTT chart, developed by (and named for) Henry Gantt, as the "Graphical And Narrative Time Table."
The suffix -onym, in English and other languages, means "word, name", and words ending in -onym refer to a specified kind of name or word, most of which are classical compounds. For example, an acronym is a word formed from the initial letter or letters of each of the successive parts or major parts of a compound term (as radar). The use of -onym words provides a means of classifying, often to a fine degree of resolution, sets of nouns with common attributes.
In some words, the -onym form has been modified by replacing (or dropping) the "o". In the examples ananym and metanym, the correct forms (anonym and metonym) were pre-occupied by other meanings. Other, late 20th century examples, such as hypernymand characternym, are typically incorrectly formed neologisms for which there are more traditional words formed in -onym (hyperonymand charactonym).
The English suffix -onym is from the Ancient Greek suffix -ώνυμον (ōnymon), neuter of the suffix ώνυμος (ōnymos), having a specified kind of name, from the Greek ὄνομα (ónoma), Aeolic Greek ὄνυμα (ónyma), "name". The form -ōnymos is that taken by ónoma when it is the end component of a bahuvrihi compound, but in English its use is extended to tatpurusa compounds.
The suffix is found in many modern languages with various spellings. Examples are: Dutch synoniem, German Synonym, Portuguesesinónimo, Russian синоним (sinonim), Polish synonim, Finnish synonyymi, Indonesian sinonim.
According to a 1988 study of words ending in -onym, there are four discernible classes of -onym words: (1) historic, classic, or, for want of better terms, naturally occurring or common words; (2) scientific terminology, occurring in particular in linguistics, onomastics, etc.; (3) language games; and (4) nonce words. Older terms are known to gain new, sometimes contradictory, meanings (e.g., eponymand cryptonym). In many cases, two or more words describe the same phenomenon, but no precedence is discernible (e.g., necronymand penthonym). New words are sometimes created, the meaning of which duplicating existing terms. On occasion, new words are formed with little regard to historical principles.