2016年3月22日 星期二

propitious, auspicious, inauspicious,assassins, reticent, unwholesomely



集瓊藻—院藏珍玩精華展
【清 十八世紀 雕木根鹿銜靈芝】(陳列室:106)
A Garland of Treasures: Masterpieces of Precious Crafts in the Museum Collection
【Carved wood root carving of an auspicious deer and spirit fungus 】Gallery: 106





Reticent Toyota president typical for Japan Inc., where harmony reigns not ...
Los Angeles Times
In harmony-loving Japan, company heads are rarely management professionals, and are picked more to be cheerleaders for the rank-and-file. ...


Today's an auspicious day for the dark side: assassins John Wilkes Booth (1838-1865), James Earl Ray (1929-1998) and Mark David Chapman (52) were all born on May 10.

The Kiton shop at Saks is not, however, a counterintuitive recession strategy but part of a broader men’s department facelift that has been going on for more than two years. Construction and manufacturing delays pushed back its opening. And while the timing may be inauspicious, Mr. Ott said Saks was investing in Kiton for the long term.



The bride had only one sure ally on her wedding day. This ally was not a relative or a best friend, but a bridesmaid her parents had hired to give her protection. The bridesmaid was, by training, a professional talker; she said clever things and was able to churn out propitious jingles. She was a foil for the bride, and her chatter was the shield she created for her young mistress at the time it was most needed. Before the wedding, the bride would have had a cloistered existence in the women's quarters, and so it was natural that she should be reticent. She was not used to being viewed, much less to being the object of everyone's curiosity. And she was nervous in her anticipation of the wedding night and of her life ahead, which she had to face on her own.
新娘過門那天,身邊只有一個體己人。這體己人不是她的至親好友,而是父母雇來照應她的伴娘。伴娘專習此業,伶牙俐齒,口彩連篇。她把新娘烘托得更出色,又施展口才,在新娘最尷尬的時刻滔滔不絕,及時替她解圍。新娘原本深處閨中,何曾見過這麼大的陣仗,保持沈默是再正常不過的反應。她不習慣露臉,更不習慣被這麼多好奇的人圍觀。想到眼前的洞房花燭夜和將來的生活,心情更加緊張,往後一切都得靠自己去應付了。


At such a happy time, so propitious to the interests of religion
and morality, Mr Arthur Clennam, newly arrived from Marseilles by
way of Dover, and by Dover coach the Blue-eyed Maid, sat in the
window of a coffee-house on Ludgate Hill. Ten thousand responsible
houses surrounded him, frowning as heavily on the streets they
composed, as if they were every one inhabited by the ten young men
of the Calender's story, who blackened their faces and bemoaned
their miseries every night. Fifty thousand lairs surrounded him
where people lived so unwholesomely that fair water put into their
crowded rooms on Saturday night, would be corrupt on Sunday
morning; albeit my lord, their county member, was amazed that they
failed to sleep in company with their butcher's meat. Miles of
close wells and pits of houses, where the inhabitants gasped for
air, stretched far away towards every point of the compass.
Through the heart of the town a deadly sewer ebbed and flowed, in
the place of a fine fresh river. What secular want could the
million or so of human beings whose daily labour, six days in the
week, lay among these Arcadian objects, from the sweet sameness of
which they had no escape between the cradle and the grave--what
secular want could they possibly have upon their seventh day?
Clearly they could want nothing but a stringent policeman.


2005年8月 hc在 simon university 之筆記
今天翻讀《白噪音》(White Noise by Don DeLillo 1985)(朱葉譯,南京:譯文,2002),發現另外的趣事,或許意味深長,又可能與翻譯有關,就筆記下來供參考。


《白噪音》的作者 Don DeLillo 被評為偉大的作家(參見紐約時報1997年評他探討冷戰的大本小說Underworld)。

譯者朱葉在翻譯《白噪音》時,問作者兩主要問題:究竟「白噪音」的諸多意思為何?作者簡答「一切聽不見的聲音(white)」(這是hc以前學「隨機過程」所學的技術義)。不過這在小說可能是第二義,它的第一義是小說中所說的'uniform and white' (始終如一和白色的)。

這「始終如一和白色的」可指「各種廣播的音」,也可能比喻「死亡」無所不在。

朱葉碰到另外一句難題,作者用:
There is no difference between the quick and the dead. They are one channel of vitality.
經朱葉一問之下,才知道 Don DeLillo是選用牛津大學出版的《死亡之書》的
「老子 Chapter 60」的另外一翻譯版本中對於死亡的「詮釋」(翻譯):
Don DeLillo 回信說:翻譯者為Witter Bynner

Handle a large kingdom with as gentle a touch
As if you were cooking small fish.
If you manage people by letting them alone,
Ghosts of the dead shall not haunt you.
Not that there are no ghosts
But that their influence becomes propitious.
In the sound existence of a living man:
There is no difference between the quick and the dead.
They are one channel of vitality.


譯者知道其出處,說:「……這是一段極為自由移譯的英譯文,因此小說中的引文難於還原……」決定採用《莊子》中老子話:「死生為一條,可不可為一貫。」


附:七月一日談論過的:
「…….然從電視上聽到雷根演講中有一句話:"Governing a great state is like cooking small fish."因為老子的「治大國若烹小鮮」太令人難忘…」
……我第一次認真思考「治大國。若烹小鮮。」這比喻的真正意思,坦白說,不清楚,所以必須讀整章:
「治大國。若烹小鮮。以道莅天下。其鬼不神。
非其鬼不神。其神不傷人。
聖人亦不傷人。夫兩不相傷。故徳交歸焉。」

【我認為比較好(清楚)的「翻譯」,是Arthur Waley的:

Ruling a large kingdom is indeed like cooking small fish.
They who by Tao ruled all that is under heaven did not let an evil spirit within them display its powers. Nay, it was not only that the evil spirit did not display its power; neither was the Sage's good spirit used to the hurt of other men...


I can only hope that it is auspicious to entitle these 60th birthday Reith Lectures 'Chinese Vistas'. By using this phrase, I hope to direct our thoughts to the long view that China represents rather than focusing exclusively on the various problems and opportunities that China confronts at the present time.我只能希望這Reith講座'的60周年慶,採取「中國的前景」是吉象—我之所以採用它,希望將諸君的思路導向中國長遠所代表的,而不只將重點放在中國目前面臨的各種問題和機會而已。
ret·i·cent (rĕt'ĭ-sənt) pronunciation
adj.
  1. Inclined to keep one's thoughts, feelings, and personal affairs to oneself. See synonyms at silent.
  2. Restrained or reserved in style.
  3. Reluctant; unwilling.
[Latin reticēns, reticent-, present participle of reticēre, to keep silent : re-, re- + tacēre, to be silent.]
reticently ret'i·cent·ly adv.



  auspicious
adjective FORMAL
suggesting a positive and successful future:
They won their first match of the season 5-1 which was an auspicious start/beginning.
Our first meeting was not auspicious - we had a huge argument.


propitious
adjective FORMAL
likely to result in or showing signs of success:
With the economy in the worst recession for thirty years, it was scarcely the most propitious time to start up a company.
pro·pi·tious (prə-pĭsh'əs) pronunciation
adj.
  1. Presenting favorable circumstances; auspicious. See synonyms at favorable.
  2. Kindly; gracious.

pro·pi·tious (prə-pĭsh'əs) pronunciation
adj. - 順利的, 吉祥的, 適合的

━━ a. 都合のよい ((for, to)); 幸先のよい, (神が)慈悲深い.


adjective
1. Presenting favorable conditions.
2. Favorably inclined; kindly.

Etymology
From Middle English propicius, from Latin propitius, ultimately from Indo-European root pet- (to rush, fly). Other words from this root are feather, pin, impetus, and pinnacle

Usage
"[Foreign] aid had a propitious effect on growth in poorer developing countries in the 1960s and on middle-income countries in the 1970s." — Girish P Pant; Aid and Growth; Kathmandu Post (Nepal); Jul 15, 2005.



Graca Machel listens to speakers Nelson Mandela's widow Graca Machel listens to the tributes including that by UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon who said: "Mandela hated hatred. Not the people. He showed wholesome power of forgiveness. A unique gift."

wholesome

Pronunciation: /ˈhəʊls(ə)m/
Translate wholesome | into French | into German | into Italian | into Spanish

adjective

  • conducive to or suggestive of good health and physical well-being:the food is plentiful and very wholesome
  • conducive to or characterized by moral well-being:good wholesome fun

Derivatives



wholesomely

adverb


wholesomeness

noun

Origin:

Middle English: probably already in Old English (see whole, -some1)

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