2015年1月19日 星期一

embargo, restitution, stampeded, to rock, tempestuous

Farquhar and his team are not proposing the complete restoration of the original design, but its stabilisation and restitution in various degrees of ruined-ness. This is both practical and true to the tempestuous spirit of the place. “Our role is not to make people like it,” says Farquhar. “That would be the least interesting thing you could do. This is a contested site, and we want to work with that.” “Everyone has acknowledged,” he also says, “that this is its last chance.”
Museums Faulted on Restitution of Nazi-Looted Art
Critics assert that museums have backtracked in recent years on returning art to the heirs of Jews whose property was seized by the Nazis.


Students Clash With Police in Unrest After Announcement

The demonstrators congregated outside Penn State’s administration building on Wednesday night before stampeding into the tight grid of downtown streets.

Joe Paterno to Retire at Season's End

The Penn State football coach had come under fire for his handling of the sex-abuse scandal that has rocked the university.

Prosecutors are seeking a six-year prison term for the crime, plus restitution.

An Iranian research institute claims it used Advance Micro Devices Inc. Opteron microprocessors to build a high computing performance system. The claim is but one more piece of evidence that the U.S. trade embargo on Iran has little impact on the country’s importing of high-tech equipment.

Looting and Restitution: exhibition in Berlin

More than 60 years after the end of the war, the restitution of cultural
treasures looted from Jewish families is still a controversial topic.

The DW-WORLD Article

When talks for the return of the artifacts stalled last year, Italy threatened to impose a cultural embargo against the museum. “There was a moment last summer when we really were on standby,” said Catherine Hess, an associate curator of sculpture and decorative arts at the Getty who helped organize the exhibition. “No one knew what would happen if the cultural embargo went through.” Finally, an accord for the restitution of 40 artifacts was brokered in August.

Minimum living standards: public consultation

Joseph Rowntree Foundation

Under embargo until: 22.00hrs 1 July 2008

Minimum living standards: public consultation shows what people find acceptable

noun [C] plural embargoes
an order to temporarily stop something, especially trading or giving information:
They have put an embargo on imports of clothing.
The police asked for a news embargo while they tried to find the kidnapper.

verb [T] embargoing, embargoed, embargoed
to officially stop trading with another country:
They are planning to embargo oil imports. ━━ n.pl. ~es) (船舶の)港内出入禁止; 通商禁止 ((on)); ((一般に)) 禁止.
lay [put, place] an embargo on / lay [put, place] under (an) embargo (商船の)出入港を禁止する; (貿易などを)禁止する.
lift [raise, remove] an embargo from (商船の)出入港禁止を解く; (貿易などを)解禁する.
━━ vt. (船舶の)出入港を禁止する; (通商を)禁止する; (船・商品を)没収する.

Definition of restitution
  • 1the restoration of something lost or stolen to its proper owner:seeking the restitution of land taken from blacks under apartheid
  • 2recompense for injury or loss:he was ordered to pay $6,000 in restitution
  • 3the restoration of something to its original state:restitution of the damaged mucosa
  • Physics the resumption of an object’s original shape or position through elastic recoil.






Middle English: from Old French, or from Latin restitutio(n-), from restituere 'restore', from re- 'again' + statuere 'establish'
━━ n. 返還[却] ((to)); 賠[弁]償 ((of)); 回復, 復権.
make restitution 賠償する ((of)).

loot Show phonetics
verb [I or T]
(usually of large numbers of people during a violent event) to steal from shops and houses:
During the riot shops were looted and cars damaged or set on fire.

looting Show phonetics
noun [U]
the activity of stealing from shops during a violent event:
There were reports of widespread looting as football hooligans stampeded through the city centre.

loot Show phonetics
noun [U]
money and valuable objects that have been stolen, especially by an army from a defeated enemy

looter Show phonetics
noun [C]


  • レベル:社会人必須
  • 発音記号[stæmpíːd]

1 (家畜などが)驚いてどっと逃げ出すこと;(群衆などが)なだれを打って逃げ出すこと, 総くずれ;どっと押し寄せること
There was a stampede to the exits.
2 ((米西部・カナダ))スタンピード:年一度のお祭り.
3 ((米北西部・カナダ西部))ロデオ.
4 ((米))突発的な大衆行動.
━━[動](自)(他)(…から)どっと逃げ出す[出させる]((from ...));敗走する[させる];(…に)総くずれになる;急いで…させる((into ...));どっと押し寄せる.


Line breaks: tem|pes¦tu|ous
Pronunciation: /tɛmˈpɛstjʊəs 

Definition of tempestuous in English:


1Characterized by strong and turbulent or conflictingemotion:he had a reckless and tempestuous streak


late Middle English: from late Latin tempestuosus, fromLatin tempestas (see tempest).