2017年2月20日 星期一

club, cudgel, take up arms, devalue, eligibility

Since their debut, Nirvana, with Cobain as a songwriter, has sold over 25 million albums in the U.S., and over 75 million worldwide. Cobain was posthumously inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2014, along with Nirvana bandmates Krist Novoselic and Dave Grohl, in their first year of eligibility.

Belief Laws, Once Called Shields, Are Now Seen as Cudgels

The Religious Freedom Restoration Act was adopted to protect vulnerable religious minorities, but it has been transformed, critics say, into a law that allows some groups to discriminate.


Glitches in State Exchanges Give G.O.P. a Cudgel
By ABBY GOODNOUGH


State-run health insurance exchanges are now the biggest laggards in fixing enrollment problems, and Republicans have vowed to make them an election issue.


Op-Ed Columnist
Majoring in Eligibility
By JOE NOCERA
Letting athletes who can barely read into college devalues the hard-earned degrees of everyone else.





Google is once again taking up arms in the browser wars, in the belief that people who use its Chrome Web browser will be more likely to keep using Google search. One of Google's television ads, called “Dear ...



China’s huge trade imbalance with the United States, Mr. Chang said, is a potential cudgel that Washington should be prepared to use. “President Obama can get on the phone with Hu Jintao and say these are the things you need to do,” he said.


It is not new. A version of this clause has been part of the AdSense terms for several years. I wrote to Google’s representative asking why Google is holding such a big club over bloggers and other site owners. There are no shortage of people who write opinions or information that, at least to some readers, reflect “poorly on Google or otherwise disparages or devalues Google’s reputation or goodwill.”


Clubmen were bands of vigilantes during the English Civil War (16421651) who tried to protect their localities against the worst excesses of the respective armies of both sides in the war. They sought to club together to prevent their wives and daughters being raped by soldiers of both sides, themselves being forcibly conscripted to fight by one side or the other, their crops and property being damaged or seized by the armies and their lives threatened or intimidated by soldiers, battle followers, looters, deserters or refugees. As their name suggests, they were mostly armed with cudgels.


take up arms
Also, take up the cudgels. Become involved in a conflict, either physical or verbal, as in The Kurds took up arms against the Iranians at least two centuries ago, or Some believe it's the vice-president's job to take up the cudgels for the president. The first term originated in the 1400s in the sense of going to war. The variant, alluding to cudgels as weapons, has been used figuratively since the mid-1600s and is probably obsolescent.





club 大棒
A stout heavy stick, usually thicker at one end, suitable for use as a weapon; a cudgel.

club (WEAPON)
noun [C]
a heavy stick used as a weapon


club
verb [T] -bb-
to beat a person or an animal, usually repeatedly, with a heavy stick or object:
He was clubbed over the head.
The alligators are then clubbed to death.


cudg·el (kŭj'əl) pronunciation
n.
A short heavy stick; a club.

tr.v., -eled, or -elled, -el·ing, or -el·ling, -els, or -els.
To beat or strike with or as if with a cudgel.

[Middle English cuggel, from Old English cycgel.]

el·i·gi·ble

  (ĕl′ĭ-jə-bəl)
adj.
1. Qualified or entitled to be chosen: eligible to run for office; eligible for retirement.
2. Desirable and worthy of choice, especially for marriage: an eligible bachelor.
3. Football Allowed under the rules to catch a forward pass.
n.
person who is eligible.

[Middle English, from Old French, from Late Latin ēligibilisfrom Latin ēligereto selectsee elect.]

el′i·gi·bil′i·ty n.
el′i·gi·bly adv.
Noun1.eligibility - the quality or state of being eligible; "eligibility of a candidate for office"; "eligibility for a loan"

devalue[de・val・ue]

  • 発音記号[diːvǽljuː][動](他)
1 〈通貨の〉平価を切り下げる.
2 …の価値を減じる[奪う], を低く評価する.

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