2016年10月10日 星期一

ersatz, shaky, erstwhile, agile, agility

Tomorrow’s leaders require an agility to thrive in times of turbulence and disruption.


“This is a wall built to hide our poverty,” says Alex Banta, a 53-year old Roma from the northern Romanian town of Baia Mare. To its detractors, the wall is also a clever example of how governments can use ersatz urban-renewal projects to get away with discrimination http://econ.st/1D7YHSt



Like cut-price airlines and supermarkets, budget gyms in Britain are muscling in on the market. Their rise reflects the recent shakiness of Britain's economy. Low-cost gyms boast around 5,000 members per club compared with an industry average of about 1,900, according to a consultancy http://econ.st/1yK0XMX

To say that China has transformed itself over the past several decades is an understatement. The erstwhile “sick man of Asia” now boasts the world’s second-biggest economy and has more trade with more countries than any other nation .




'The Fishing Fleet'

By ANNE DE COURCY
Reviewed by ALIDA BECKER
Women sent to marry British soldiers and civil servants in the Raj helped create an ersatz England.

 The Agility Factor

 A few large companies in every industry show consistently superior profitability relative to their peers, and they all have one thing in common: a highly developed capacity to adapt their business to change.



Don't anticipate anything game-changing or jaw-dropping here. Expect plenty of cats and cows in different media, as well as watercolours of beach houses, ersatz Abstract Expressionist paintings, stained glass made for the walls of large suburban houses, baubles and knick-knacks and thingummies galore. All of it is skilfully done; most of it is pleasant.

Books of The Times


By SEBASTIAN FAULKS
Reviewed by JANET MASLIN
On the 100th anniversary of the birth of Ian Fleming, the novelist Sebastian Faulks adds another ersatz James Bond title to the shaky bibliography compiled after Fleming’s death.
Ian Fleming

OBITUARY

Benazir Bhutto

Erstwhile democrat or ersatz democrat, she embodied the failed ideals of her country's elite

Benazir Bhutto Jan 3rd 2008
From The Economist print editionBenazir Bhutto, Pakistani politician, was killed on December 27th, aged 54

Visitors will be able to peek into some of Marie Antoinette's personal spaces, including the fragile wooden and papier-mâché mini-theater where she performed, a grotto where she held private encounters and her "hamlet," where she constructed an ersatz working farm.




erstwhile (ûrst'hwīl', -wīl') adv. In the past; at a former time; formerly. adj. Former: our erstwhile companions.ersatz (ĕr'zäts', ĕr-zäts')

adjective

[attributive] Former: the erstwhile president of the companyMore example sentences
  • He assuredly bumped off a formidable array of erstwhile friends and possible rivals.
  • To be fair to the script writers, they have made Todd behave in a way which entitled his erstwhile friends and neighbours to complain about his conduct.
  • But there's nothing like a common enemy to get erstwhile rivals to work together.

ersatz

Line breaks: er¦satz
Pronunciation: /ˈəːsats, ˈɛː-/

adjective

1(Of a product) made or used as a substitute, typically an inferior one, for something else: ersatz coffee

adj.
Being an imitation or a substitute, usually an inferior one; artificial: ersatz coffee made mostly of chicory*. See synonyms at artificial.
[German, replacement, from ersetzen, to replace, from Old High German irsezzan : ir-, out + sezzan, to set.]
*

chic・o・ry



--> ━━ n. 【植】チコリ, キクニガナ ((葉はサラダ用,根はコーヒー代用)); =endive.






ersatz

Line breaks: er¦satz
Pronunciation: /ˈəːsats
  
, ˈɛː-/






ADJECTIVE

Origin

late 19th century: from German, literally 'replacement'.

er・satz



[G.] a., n. 模造の; 代用の; 模造品; 代用品.




shake (UPSET)
verb [T] shook, shaken
to cause to feel upset and troubled:
The child seemed nervous and visibly shaken.
The news has shaken the whole country.

shaky
adjective
upset:
The news left me feeling a little shaky.



shaky

Line breaks: shaky
Pronunciation: /ˈʃeɪki
  
/




ADJECTIVE (shakiershakiest)

1.2Not safe or reliableliable to fail or falter:thoroughly shaky evidenceafter a shaky start the Scottish team madesuperb efforts



Derivatives




shakily

ADVERB



shakiness

NOUN


ersatz  
adjective DISAPPROVING
used instead of something else, usually because the other thing is too expensive or rare:
I'm allowed to eat ersatz chocolate made from carob beans, but it's a poor substitute for the real thing.


 agile






adjective

  • able to move quickly and easily:Ruth was as agile as a monkey
  • able to think and understand quickly:his vague manner concealed an agile mind







Derivatives


agilely

adverb

agility

Pronunciation: /əˈdʒɪlɪti/

noun

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