2016年9月27日 星期二

jack-in-the-box, napalm, incendiary, Puranas, coulrophobic

Here's an essay I wrote recently condemning the incendiary speeches of Republican presidential candidates. I'd be interested in your thoughts.



 So, Jack-in-the-box was variously a religious insult, a swindler, the Devil and an incendiary device - clearly a character not to be meddled with. Even non-coulrophobic children might do well to be wary of Jack. He may not have been real but, as a bogeyman, he had some impressive credentials.



On Dec. 29, 1940, during World War II, Germany began dropping incendiary bombs on London.



Photo Essay
Happy 70th Birthday, Jimi Hendrix: Photos of an Incendiary Talent
If a musician's greatness is measured by the breadth of his influence — and how else should we gauge it? — Jimi Hendrix's legacy commends him as...





jack-in-the-box 

Pronunciation: /ˈdʒakɪnðəbɒks/ 




NOUN

A toy consisting of a box containing a figure on a spring which pops up when the lid is opened他給我的洋玩意兒,確也是我家裡沒有的。例如揭開盒蓋就跳出來的“玩偶盒”(jack-in-the-box);一木盒鐵制的水禽,還有一隻小輪船,外加一個馬蹄形的吸鐵石,玩時端一面盆水,把鐵制的玩物浮在水上,用吸鐵石一指,滿盆的禽鳥和船都連成一串,聽我指揮。這些玩意兒都留在家裡給弟妹們玩,就玩沒了。

incendiary[in・cen・di・ar・y]

  • レベル:社会人必須
  • 発音記号[inséndièri | -diəri]

[形]((限定))
1 火をつけるのに用いる[適した]
an incendiary bomb [shell]
焼夷(しょうい)
an incendiary device
発火装置.
2 扇動的な, 教唆的な, 刺激的な, 扇情的な.
3 放火の.
━━[名]
1 焼夷弾.
2 扇動者, 教唆者.
3 放火者[犯人](arsonist).

This picture of nine-year-old Phan Thi Kim Phuc - a young girl, running naked and terrified down the road after a napalm attack - became one of the most iconic images of the Vietnam War. (Credit: AP)
to napalm people who were resisting US....

First came the removal of the Pulitzer Prize-winning photograph by Nick Ut of a girl fleeing napalm in Vietnam, posted on the page of a Norwegian journalist. 

napalm
n. a highly flammable sticky jelly used in incendiary bombs and flamethrowers, consisting of gasoline thickened with special soaps.
v.
attack with bombs containing napalm.
Etymology: 1940s: from na (phthenic) and palm(itic acid).
See the Introduction, Abbreviations and Pronunciation for further details.
  • [néipɑːm]
[名][U]《軍事》ナパーム
a napalm bomb
ナパーム弾.
━━[動](他)…をナパーム弾[火炎放射器]で攻撃する.
[naphthaleneとpalmitic acid]

凝固汽油彈英語napalm)是幾種武器用途的可燃液體之總稱,大多以膠狀汽油為主成份。準確地說,「napalm」一詞字面上指的是凝固汽油彈中用來與汽油混合以產生膠質燃劑的黏稠劑成份。此詞是由它的研發者─路易·菲塞(Louis Frederick Fieser)所領導的哈佛大學化學家團隊所命名,是naphthene(環烷烴)的鋁鹽palmitic acid(棕櫚酸)的混成詞,製造凝固汽油彈時會將這兩種成份加入可燃物質使其膠質化[1]1940s: from na(phthenic) and palm(itic acid).
凝固汽油彈早期主要被用來攻擊建築物,之後演變為對人員殺傷用武器,其主要通過黏附在人員表面持續燃燒來造成傷害。
Napalm is a flammable liquid used in warfare. It is a mixture of a gelling agent, and either petroleum or a similar fuel. It was initially used as an incendiary device against buildings and later primarily as an anti-personnel weapon, as it sticks to skin and causes severe burns when on fire.

Napalm - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Napalm


往世書天城體:पुराण,梵語原意為「古代的」或「古老的」)是一類古印度文獻的總稱。這類文獻覆蓋的內容非常廣泛,包括宇宙論、神譜、帝王世系和宗教活動。它們通常為問答式詩歌體,其基本內容經常是不同人物聯繫起來的一些故事。
有許多文獻都被稱為往世書。現存的往世書非常多,其中最重要的是大往世書小往世書。這是狹義的往世書,以梵語寫成。它們通常講述宇宙和人類的產生、帝王和仙人的世系等內容,並包含故事、哲學宗教話題。

The Goddess Ambika or Durga Leading the Eight Matrikas in Battle Against the Demon Raktabija, Folio from Devi Mahatmya, Markandeya Purana.
 The Puranas (Sanskrit: पुराण purāṇa, "of ancient times") are a genre of important Hindu, Jain and Buddhist religious texts, notably consisting of narratives of the history of the universe from creation to destruction, genealogies of kings, heroes, sages, and demigods, and descriptions of Hindu cosmology, philosophy, and geography.[1]
Puranas usually give prominence to a particular deity, employing an abundance of religious and philosophical concepts. They are usually written in the form of stories related by one person to another. The Puranas are available in vernacular translations and are disseminated by Brahmin scholars, who read from them and tell their stories, usually in Katha sessions (in which a traveling Brahmin settles for a few weeks in a temple and narrates parts of a Purana, usually with a Bhakti perspective).[citation needed]



Coulrophobia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coulrophobia - Cached
Coulrophobia is a fear of clowns. The term is of recent origin, probably dating from the 1980s, and according to one analyst, "has been coined more on the ...

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