2015年12月30日 星期三

fraction, infractions, claustrophile, “a fraction of a minute”, claustrophobia

 Caesar's decision for swift action forced Pompey, the lawful consuls (C. Claudius Marcellus and L. Cornelius Lentulus Crus), and a large part of the Roman Senate to flee Rome in fear. Caesar's subsequent victory in Caesar's civil war ensured that punishment for the infraction would never be rendered.


This week, public security officials warned reporters from The New York Times, The Associated Press, Agence France-Presse and numerous other foreign news organizations that they had violated regulations by appearing at possible protest sites and that further infractions would not be tolerated.

Asimov was a claustrophile; he enjoyed small, enclosed spaces.[16] In the first volume of his autobiography, he recalls a childhood desire to own a magazine stand in a New York City Subway station, within which he could enclose himself and listen to the rumble of passing trains while reading.[17]


claustrophobia
n.
An abnormal fear of being in narrow or enclosed spaces.
[Latin claustrum, enclosed place; see cloister + –PHOBIA.]
claustrophobe claus'tro·phobe' n.

一种说法是来自英语“a fraction of a minute”,这是英文中常用的表达,翻译过来,一分钟的几分之一,即“分分钟”的意思。


fraction
[名]
1 《数学》分数, (2数の)比, 割合
What fraction of a foot is 3 inches?
1フィートの何分のいくつが3インチですか.
2 (全体の)部分;(ある物の)何分の一;(党などの)一分派((of ...))
do only a fraction of one's homework
宿題のほんの一部をする.
3 ごく少量, わずか, 断片, 破片
a fraction too heavy [light]
ちょっとばかり重[軽]すぎる
crumble into fractions
くずれて粉々になる
His shot came a fraction of a second too late.
彼のシュートは一瞬遅れた.
4 ばらばらにすること.
5 《教会》ホスチアの分割:供えのパンを裂くこと.
fraction
:分餅禮;掰餅禮;擘餅禮:在彌撒中誦完天主經後、領聖體之前舉行此禮。同 breaking of bread

6 《化学》分留, 分別.
[フランス語←ラテン語fractiōnem (frangere割る)割られたもの. △BREAK, FRAGILE, FRACTURE, FRAGMENT, REFRACT

infraction
pronunciation

IN BRIEF: A violation or a rule or law.

pronunciation Even minor infractions in high school require some kind of punishment so kids learn right from wrong.

n.
The act or an instance of infringing; a violation. See synonims at breach.

Line breaks: in|frac¦tion
Pronunciation: /ɪnˈfrakʃ(ə)n
  
/


Definition of infraction in English:

NOUN

chiefly Law

Origin

late Middle English: from Latin infractio(n-), from the verb infringere (see infringe).

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