2015年12月7日 星期一

mushy, persimmon 柿 , Calyx Kaki

Harrison Ford certainly isn't getting all mushy about returning to play Han Solo in the new Star Wars films.



柿餅成串曬 如算盤之珠子

A haiku by Yukio Takashima goes: "Persimmons/ Strung up to dry/ Like abacus beads."
高島行雄

高島 幸夫



The situation reminds me of an old Japanese folk tale, "Saru-Kani Gassen" (The feud between the monkey and the crab). A monkey immediately eats a rice ball that it receives from a crab in exchange for a persimmon seed, but the crab plants its seed, which grows into a tree that bears fruit.



柿http://www.answers.com/topic/persimmon
Persimmon
[puhr-SIHM-muhn] The most widely available persimmon in the United States is the Hachiya, also called Japanese persimmon and kaki. It's large (up to 3 inches in diameter) and round, with a slightly elongated, pointed base. The Fuyu persimmon is smaller and more tomato-shaped. When ripe, both have a red-orange skin and flesh. The Hachiya is quite soft when completely ripe and has a smooth, creamy texture and a tangy-sweet flavor. If eaten even slightly underripe, it will pucker the mouth with an incredible astringency. The Fuyu, however, is still firm when ripe and is not at all astringent. Sharon fruit is a sweet, round Israeli persimmon that can be eaten slightly underripe. It's found in Europe and the Middle East. Persimmons are available from October to February. Choose fruit that is plump and soft but not mushy (the Fuyu should be quite firm). The skin should be smooth, glossy and brightly colored. Persimmons that are not quite ripe can be ripened at room temperature. Store ripe fruit in the refrigerator for up to 3 days. Persimmons can be used in baked goods, puddings and other desserts, as well as eaten out of hand. They contain a good amount of vitamin A and some vitamin C.


mushy
ˈmʌʃi/
adjective
  1. 1.
    soft and pulpy.
    "mushy vegetables"
    synonyms:softsemi-liquidpulpypappyslushysloppyspongysquashy,squelchy, squishy; More
  2. 2.
    informal
    excessively sentimental.
    "a mushy film"



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至於「柿右衛門樣式」與「金襴手樣式」技術,則是日本自1670年以後,才終於擺脫中國瓷器風格,發展出獨特的日本技術。由於我正在準備相關英文資料,於是查了半天,才終於查到:


柿右衛門樣式的英文為:Kakiemon
金襴手樣式的英文則為:Kinrande

其中Kakiemon的Kaki,我不陌生。因為「法文」的「柿子」就是le kaki,或者la plaquemine。初看到Kakiemon一詞,我還覺得奇怪,為什麼日文中的「柿右衛門」的「柿」剛好跟法文中的「柿」都是kaki呢?

一查kaki詞源,原來這個詞根本就是外來語(日來語),所以囉!不過好玩的是,英文中的柿子卻未採用外來語,不作kaki,而作persimmon。

但柿蒂卻又是kaki calyx (法文為la calice de kaki),kaki calyx 柿蒂紋是常見的中國傳統裝飾圖案。---
Pharmaceutical Latin:Calyx Kaki
Common English:Persimmon Calyx
Kaki
Diospyros



Wikipedia article "Persimmon".

日本語 (Japanese)
n. - カキ属の各種の木, 柿の実, 柿



persimmon顯示/隱藏例句


KK: []
DJ: []
n. (名詞 noun)
  1. 【植】柿樹;柿[C]

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