2016年9月20日 星期二

organ, operative, in force, “the operative word”

For six and a half years, Raisa Gorbachev was one of the most influential—and mythologised—women in the world. She fed the humane impulse that made Mikhail hold back from unleashing the organs of repression when the Soviet empire began to unravel from 1989 on


She died on September 20th, 1999
ECONOMIST.COM

Seventeen operatives of Islamic State have entered Germany disguised as refugees, according to evidence collected by the country’s domestic intelligence agency.


That failure raises questions about al-Qaeda, if those attacks were indeed planned by individuals associated with the Islamist terror network. It suggests that there is variable ability among al-Qaeda’s operatives, some of whom are highly professional, but others who are fanatical yet amateurish.
-- Britain under threat
Jul 2nd 2007
From Economist.com

Koreans turn out in force for Roh

Thousands of South Koreans throng Seoul for the funeral of former President Roh Moo-hyun, who killed himself last week.

Some Shed Gadgets, Turn to iPhone
Lower-income households are turning in force to the iPhone and may be doing so to save the cost of a separate broadband connection and music devices.

organ

Organizations and government


in force
1. In full strength, in large numbers, as in Demonstrators were out in force. This usage originally alluded to a large military force. [Early 1300s]
2. Operative, binding, as in This rule is no longer in force. This usage originally alluded to the binding power of a law. [Late 1400s]


force (GROUP)
noun [C]
a group of people organized and trained, especially for military, police or a stated purpose:
the security forces
the work force
He joined the police force straight after school.

the forces plural noun
the military organizations for air, land and sea



operative
noun [C]
1 FORMAL a worker, especially one who is skilled in working with their hands:
a factory operative

2 MAINLY US a person who works secretly for an organization:
a CIA operative
adj. - 動作的, 生產有關的, 運轉的
n. –工人、 職員, 偵探, 刑警
日本語 (Japanese)
adj. - 動く, 作用する, 実施されている, 効果のある, 手術の, 効力のある
n. - 工員, 諜報部員, 探偵

****

the operative word
the most important word in a phrase, which explains the truth of a situation:
He was a painter - 'was' being the operative word since he died last week.

idioms:
• the operative word / 最重要的詞, 關鍵字/ 重要な意味を持つ語

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