2016年10月17日 星期一

cursive, "fair hand"

Should schools teach cursive handwriting? The question is a polarizing one in the K-12 education world.
One of the most widely cited criticisms of the Common Core State Standards is that they don’t require teaching students to write in cursive.
PBS.ORG



1. on Page 28:
"...to teach and instruct in reading of the Holy Bible and in writing a fair hand and in arithmetic the Children of the poorest and of other inhabitants of Burrough Green' "


In the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, before the development of the typewriter, professional correspondence was written in cursive. This was called a "fair hand", meaning it looked good, and all clerks in a firm were trained to write in the exact same script. In the early days of the post office, letters were written in cursive — and to fit more text on a single sheet, the text was continued in lines crossing at 90 degrees from the original text.[citation needed]




When Tony Petite enrolled
in elementary school in Denver in the fall of 2005, he quickly discovered that he was the only kid in fourth grade who didn’t know how to write in cursive. In the four years he spent in the New Orleans public school system, no one ever taught him how. “In my third-grade school,” he told me recently, “they just sit you in the class, and they just tell you to do this, and tell you to do that. In Denver, they help you, and they show you how to do your work.”





cursive
adjective SPECIALIZED
describes writing that is written with rounded letters which are joined together
━━ n., a. 続け書き(の); 草書体.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cursive
Wikipedia 日本語 cur・sive 

筆記体(ひっきたい)とは書体のひとつである。
文字はもともと筆記で書かれるものからはじまり、その後さまざまな書体が開発されるという発展の様式をたどった。その中で筆記で書くのに適した一筆書きのように文字を続けて書く手書き文字、あるいはそれに似せた印刷用の書体(活字やコンピュータ用のフォントなど)のことを「筆記体」と呼ぶ。日本において筆記体と言えば通常はラテン文字のものを指し、フォントとして「イタリック」「カッパープレート」「カーシヴ・スクリプト」「ツァッフィーノ」などがある。
日本語文字などの漢字圏において同様のものとしては「行書体」「草書体」などがある。英語ではそれぞれ「セミ・カーシヴsemi cursive準筆記体の意)」「カーシヴcursive筆記体の意)」と呼ばれる。一方、中国語圏ではラテン文字の筆記体を「手写体」(繁体字手寫體簡体字手写体)と呼ぶが「手写体」自体は篆書体隷書体楷書体などの美術的な書体を指す。(中国語版を参照)

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