2017年8月3日 星期四

empanel, foreground, panel, tubing down, merchant of death, advisory panel

Special Counsel Robert Mueller Impanels Washington Grand Jury in Russia Probe A1

Special Counsel Robert Mueller has impaneled a grand jury in Washington to investigate Russia’s interference in the 2016 elections, a sign that his inquiry is growing in intensity and entering a new phase, according to people familiar with the matter.

The Blind Assassin Epilogue : The other hand

…Between his fingers is the stub of a cigarette.
She retrieves the photograph when she 's alone, and lies it flat on the table and stares down into it.. She examines every detail: his smoky fingers, the bleached folds of their clothing, the unripe apples hanging in the tree, the dying grass in the foreground. Her smiling face.
…You'd be as ruined as God…


As this view became accepted, the focus turned to how organizations
everywhere could transform themselves from mass producers into lean
exemplars. Given the magnitude of the task and its many dimensions
it's understandable that lean tools came to the foreground: 5S, setup
reduction, the five whys, target costing, simultaneous and concurrent
engineering, value-stream maps, kanban, kaizen. Indeed, I think of the
period from the early 1990s up to the present as the Tool Age of the
lean movement.

Michael Sima, via Museum of Modern Art

Measuring nearly 3 by 4 feet, the painting depicts a woman, her face left blank and featureless, sitting at a table against a heavily saturated rust-red and ocher background, with a tall vase of blooming flowers dominating the foreground. It is among seven interiors that Matisse painted in 1947 and 1948 in his studio in Vence, in the south of France. As an ensemble, the canvases form a panorama of the artist's work environment in his final years.

2 the area of most importance and activity, or which people pay attention to:
Historically, issues of this kind have not occupied the foreground of political debate.
... raised panel furniture doors.panel assembling

A bungalow is the best place to enjoy sunset along the Nam Song River in Van Vieng. With plenty of options for kayaking and caving, the town is emerging as an adventure destination. However, the simple pleasure of tubing down the river remains one of the most popular activities.

小泉首相の私的諮問機関:「私的諮問機関」は a private advisory panel (body) to... で良く、原文はその名称、「安全保障と防衛力~」を示していますが、英訳では訳文が長すぎないように、次のパラグラフで触れるようにしました。
「死の商人」となることとは異なる:「死の商人」は a merchant of death で確定ですが、「となることとは異なる」のフィーリングを英語に反映させるのはどうすればよいかが問題です。...totally different from just exporting weapons, like a merchant of death(まるで死の商人のように、ひたすら武器を輸出するのとはまったく違う)としました。

▼日英対訳&解説 読売社説
武器輸出 防衛大綱に明記すべき新原則
Govt must devise new rules for arms exports

當然對此狀況,業者並非都沉默不語。在整個行業進入爭先恐後狀態的稍早時分,在某國際會議的聯歡會上,筆者巧遇京瓷的前會長西口泰夫。當時西口擔任業務本 部長,統管液晶業務。西口環指著場內說:“看看吧,這裡是死亡商人的巢穴”。死亡商人原本指軍火商。因為軍火商總是今天在這邊煽風:“對手已經配備了最新 式武器。貴方如果不對抗的話就會……”,明天又在那邊點火:“對方已經拿出對策來了。現在不強化實力就無法保持軍事平衡啦”。軍火商的形象與當時設備廠商 的推銷異常相似,所以西口用半開玩笑半認真的方式指出了問題所在。


verb: impanel
  1. enlist or enrol (a jury).
    • enrol (someone) on to a jury.

      "several of her friends have been empanelled"


    1. A hollow cylinder, especially one that conveys a fluid or functions as a passage.
    2. An organic structure having the shape or function of a tube; a duct: a bronchial tube.
  1. A small flexible cylindrical container sealed at one end and having a screw cap at the other, for pigments, toothpaste, or other pastelike substances.
  2. Music. The cylindrical part of a wind instrument.
  3. Electronics.
    1. An electron tube.
    2. A vacuum tube.
  4. Botany. The lower, cylindrical part of a gamopetalous corolla or a gamosepalous calyx.
  5. Chiefly British.
    1. An underground railroad tunnel.
    2. An underground railroad system, especially the one in London, England.
  6. A tunnel.
    1. An inner tube.
    2. An inflatable tube or cushion made of rubber or plastic and used for recreational riding, as behind a motor boat or down a snow-covered slope.
  7. Informal.
    1. Television: What's on the tube?
    2. A television set.
  8. tubes Informal. The fallopian tubes.

  1. To provide with a tube; insert a tube in.
  2. To place in or enclose in a tube.
To ride or float on an inflated tube for recreation.
down the tubes (or tubeSlang.
  1. Into a state of failure or ruin: saw her plans go down the tubes.
[French, from Old French, from Latin tubus.]

panel (PART)
noun [C]
a flat, usually rectangular part, or piece of wood, metal, cloth, etc., that fits into or onto something larger:
a beautiful old door with oak panels
White silk panels were inset into the sides of the dress.
At the bottom of each page is a panel with grammatical information.

verb [T] -ll- or US USUALLY -l-
The walls of the dining hall were panelled in oak.
a panelled room/wall/door

panelling UKUS USUALLY paneling
noun [U]
wood panelling[名]




(1)パネル, 団:公開討論会の出席者, 助言者, コンテストの審査員;クイズ番組の解答者などとして選ばれた人の一団

a panel of experts

select a panel

(2)パネルディスカッション(panel discussion).

3 《法》陪審員候補者(名簿);陪審員団;《スコット法》被告人.

4 パネル(機械の制御器や目盛り盤を取りつける台);(電話の)交換器;《電》配電盤

a panel of instruments

5 《画》画板;パネル画;《写》パネル版(の写真);(漫画の)こま.

6 (スカートなどで縦に使う)細長い布.

7 ((英))健康保険医[患者]名簿

a panel patient

8 《製本》パネル:本の背表紙の2つのとじ糸の間.

9 《建》2本の支柱の間.

10 《採鉱》炭区.

11 《空》翼[胴体]の一区画.

12 鞍(くら)敷き;鞍代わりの座ぶとん.

13 羊皮紙の1枚.

14 ライトバン.

━━[動](~ed, ~・ing or((英))~led, ~・ling) (他)

1 〈壁・部屋などに〉(…で)鏡[羽目]板を張る((in, with ...));…を枠にはめる.

2 〈服などを〉縦切れで飾る.

3 〈陪審員を〉選定する;〈人を〉陪審員候補者名簿に載せる;《スコット法》〈人を〉起訴する.

[古フランス語panel (pan一片の布+-el(指小辞))]

パネル 1 [panel]


foreground ━━ n. 前景; 最も目立つ位置[場所]; 【コンピュータ】フォアグラウンド.
foreground job 【コンピュータ】フォアグラウンド・ジョブ.
foreground processing 【コンピュータ】前景処理, フォアグラウンド処理.
foreground program 【コンピュータ】前景プログラム.

His essay André Breton (1948) foregrounds Breton's prose style and comes across as a literary portrait of singular empathy, perhaps even an oblique self-portrait. (Gracq)

the foreground Show phonetics
noun [S]
1 the people, objects, countryside, etc. in a picture or photograph that seem nearest to you and form its main part:
In the foreground of the painting is a horse and cart.
Compare background (THINGS BEHIND).

2 the area of most importance and activity, or which people pay attention to:
Historically, issues of this kind have not occupied the foreground of political debate.

foreground Show phonetics
verb [T]
to give the most importance to a particular subject, etc:
His speech foregrounded the history of the decision.