2017年2月13日 星期一

sputter, sputtering, splutterering, swooning, a demoralizing stutter, aneurysm,stammer, run in the family

Hank Greenberg’s Vindication A10


New York’s AIG fraud case sputters to a pathetic settlement.



The engineered fall in the yuan is likely to cause political ripples around the world.


China’s central bank moved to devalue its tightly controlled currency as the world’s second-largest economy continues to sputter.
WSJ.COM|由 LINGLING WEI 上傳

 For Migrants, New Land of Opportunity Is Mexico

By DAMIEN CAVE

With Europe sputtering and China costly, the "stars are aligning" for Mexico as broad changes in the global economy create new dynamics of migration.

The American car market continues to climb, posting a 9.6% increase in sales from the start of the year through August compared with the same period in 2012. The Swedish auto maker's U.S. sales, however, have sputtered, falling 5.7% over the same period, according to market researcher Autodata Corp.


Global Powerhouses Sputter and Stall
Brazil, Russia, India and China, better known as the BRIC nations, once enjoyed soaring economic growth. Today, they are each contending with a slowdown in investments and major inflation.









The economy

That swooning feeling

Once again, after a promising start to the year, the economy is spluttering

With his customary candor, Biden movingly recounts growing up in a staunchly Catholic multigenerational household in Scranton, Pennsylvania, and Wilmington, Delaware; overcoming a demoralizing stutter; marriage, fatherhood, and the tragic death of his wife Neilia and infant daughter Naomi; remarriage and re-forming a family with his second wife, Jill; success and failure in the Senate and on the campaign trail; two life-threatening aneurysms; his relations with fellow lawmakers on both sides of the aisle; and his leadership of powerful Senate committees. “Promises to Keep: On Life and Politics,” 敗部復活


《中英對照讀新聞》Genes behind stammering uncovered 結巴的基因找到了
◎國際新聞中心
Stammering has long been recognised to run in families, but scientists now say they have identified three genes which may cause the problem in some people. They believe that mutations which have already been tied to metabolic disorders may also affect the way in which parts of the brain function.
結巴長期以來被認為是家族特徵,但科學家現在表示,他們已辨識出3種可能造成某些人有這種問題的基因,他們相信,已知與代謝疾病相關的基因突變,可能也影響大腦部分區塊運作的方式。
Stammering affects about 1% of all adults worldwide. Those affected repeat or prolong sounds, syllables or words, disrupting the normal flow of speech. With early intervention children who stammer can overcome the problem, while for adults therapies are based on reducing anxiety and regulating breathing to improve speech. But the team from the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders(NIDCD)hopes its discovery may pave the way for new treatments.
結巴影響全球約1%的成年人口,有結巴的人會重複或延長聲音、音節或字詞,影響說話的正常表達。孩童若早期接受治療,可以克服這種問題,而成人的療法則是針對減少緊張、調節呼吸來改善說話等。但國立失聰和其他溝通障礙研究院的團隊,希望他們的研究或能為新療法鋪路。
Nearly one in ten of the sufferers examined were found to have a mutation in one of three genes.
接受檢驗的口吃患者之中,近10分之1這3種基因中有一個突變。
Two of these, GNPTAB and GNPTG, have already been linked to two serious metabolic diseases in which components of cells are not effectively recycled. People with this defective gene need two copies to develop the metabolic disorder, but one copy appears to be associated with stammering.
3種基因中,GNPTAB與GNPTG兩種,已知會造成細胞元件不能有效循環的兩種嚴重代謝疾病。有兩對這種缺陷基因的人會發展出代謝疾病,但如果只有一對,似乎就會造成口吃。
A third defective gene, which is closely related to the other two, was also found among stammerers but not among the controls.
而第三種有缺陷的基因,與另外兩種密切相關,也能在口吃患者身上發現,但是對照組身上就沒有。

新聞辭典
stammer:動詞,結巴。例句:He dialled 999 and stammered (out) his name and address.(他撥了999,結結巴巴地報上姓名與住址。)
run in the family:片語,家族特有的特徵。例句:Intelligence seems to run in that family.(那家人好像都很聰明。)
Also, run in the family. Be characteristic of a family or passed on from one generation to the next, as in That happy-go-lucky trait runs in the blood, or Big ears run in the family. The first term dates from the early 1600s, the second from the late 1700s.
metabolic:形容詞,代謝的。例句:The athletes had taken pills to stimulate their metabolic rate.(運動員服用藥物刺激新陳代謝。)




stutter (SPEAK)
verb [I]
to speak or say something, especially the first part of a word, with difficulty, for example pausing before it or repeating it several times:
She stutters a bit, so let her finish what she's saying.
[+ speech] "C-c-can we g-go now?" stuttered Jenkins.
Compare stammer.

stutter 
noun [C]
Toni's developed a slight stutter over the last few months.

stutterer 
noun [C]stammer
to speak or say something with unusual pauses or repeated sounds, either because of speech problems or because of fear and anxiety:
[+ speech] "Wh-when can we g-go?" she stammered.
He dialled 999 and stammered (out) his name and address.
Compare stutter (SPEAK).

stammer Show phonetics
noun [C usually singular]
Robert has a bit of a stammer.

stammerer Show phonetics
noun [C]
a person who stammers

stammeringly Show phonetics
adverb

處境艱難,勉強應付。亦作「巴巴結結」。
形容說話不流利。鏡花緣˙第八十七回:「一人素有口吃毛病,說話結結巴巴,極其費事。」亦作「巴巴結結」。



sputter

Pronunciation: /ˈspʌtə/
Translate sputter | into Italian
verb

  • 1 [no object] make a series of soft explosive or spitting sounds:the engine sputtered and stopped
  • [reporting verb] speak in a series of incoherent bursts as a result of strong emotion: [with direct speech]:‘But ... but ...’ she sputtered
  • [with object] emit with a spitting sound:the goose is in the oven, sputtering fat
  • [with adverbial] proceed in a spasmodic and feeble way:strikes in the public services sputtered on
  • 2 [with object] Physics deposit (metal) on a surface by using fast ions to eject particles of it from a target.
  • coat (a surface) with a spray of metal particles emitted from a target that is bombarded with fast ions.

noun

  • a series of soft explosive or spitting sounds:the sputter of the motor died away

Derivatives
sputterer



noun

Origin:

late 16th century (as a verb): from Dutch sputteren, of imitative origin

stammer

verb

  1. to speak or say (something) in a hesitant way, esp as a result of a speech disorder or through fear, stress, etc

noun

  1. a speech disorder characterized by involuntary repetitions and hesitations

Alternative Forms

ˈstammerer noun ˈstammering noun adjective ˈstammeringly adverb

Word Origin

Old English stamerian ; related to Old Saxon stamarōn , Old High German stamm

Synonyms

View thesaurus entry
= speech impediment, stutter, speech defect,


demoralize, UK USUALLY demoralise
verb [T]
to weaken the confidence of someone or something:
Losing several matches in succession had completely demoralized the team.

demoralized, UK USUALLY demoralised 
adjective
having lost your confidence, enthusiasm, and hope:
After the game, the players were tired and demoralized.

demoralizing, UK USUALLY demoralising 
adjective
Being out of work for a long time is very demoralizing.



an・eu・rysm, an・eu・rism



━━ n. 【医】動脈瘤(りゅう).




  swoon


verb



[no object]
  • 1 literary faint, especially from extreme emotion:Frankie’s mother swooned and had to be helped to the headmaster’s office
  • 2be overcome with admiration, adoration, or other strong emotion:women swoon over his manly, unaffected ways

noun

literary
  • an occurrence of fainting:he found his wife in a swoon

Origin:

Middle English: the verb from obsolete swown 'fainting', the noun from aswoon 'in a faint', both from Old English geswōgen 'overcome'

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