2017年8月2日 星期三

sputter, sputtering, splutterering, swooning, a demoralizing stutter, aneurysm,stammer, run in the family

Trying to find an apartment in Toronto is a lot like online dating, only more demoralizing.

Hank Greenberg’s Vindication A10
New York’s AIG fraud case sputters to a pathetic settlement.

The engineered fall in the yuan is likely to cause political ripples around the world.

China’s central bank moved to devalue its tightly controlled currency as the world’s second-largest economy continues to sputter.

 For Migrants, New Land of Opportunity Is Mexico


With Europe sputtering and China costly, the "stars are aligning" for Mexico as broad changes in the global economy create new dynamics of migration.

The American car market continues to climb, posting a 9.6% increase in sales from the start of the year through August compared with the same period in 2012. The Swedish auto maker's U.S. sales, however, have sputtered, falling 5.7% over the same period, according to market researcher Autodata Corp.

Global Powerhouses Sputter and Stall
Brazil, Russia, India and China, better known as the BRIC nations, once enjoyed soaring economic growth. Today, they are each contending with a slowdown in investments and major inflation.

The economy

That swooning feeling

Once again, after a promising start to the year, the economy is spluttering

With his customary candor, Biden movingly recounts growing up in a staunchly Catholic multigenerational household in Scranton, Pennsylvania, and Wilmington, Delaware; overcoming a demoralizing stutter; marriage, fatherhood, and the tragic death of his wife Neilia and infant daughter Naomi; remarriage and re-forming a family with his second wife, Jill; success and failure in the Senate and on the campaign trail; two life-threatening aneurysms; his relations with fellow lawmakers on both sides of the aisle; and his leadership of powerful Senate committees. “Promises to Keep: On Life and Politics,” 敗部復活

《中英對照讀新聞》Genes behind stammering uncovered 結巴的基因找到了
Stammering has long been recognised to run in families, but scientists now say they have identified three genes which may cause the problem in some people. They believe that mutations which have already been tied to metabolic disorders may also affect the way in which parts of the brain function.
Stammering affects about 1% of all adults worldwide. Those affected repeat or prolong sounds, syllables or words, disrupting the normal flow of speech. With early intervention children who stammer can overcome the problem, while for adults therapies are based on reducing anxiety and regulating breathing to improve speech. But the team from the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders(NIDCD)hopes its discovery may pave the way for new treatments.
Nearly one in ten of the sufferers examined were found to have a mutation in one of three genes.
Two of these, GNPTAB and GNPTG, have already been linked to two serious metabolic diseases in which components of cells are not effectively recycled. People with this defective gene need two copies to develop the metabolic disorder, but one copy appears to be associated with stammering.
A third defective gene, which is closely related to the other two, was also found among stammerers but not among the controls.

gerund or present participle: demoralizing
  1. 1.
    cause (someone) to lose confidence or hope.
    "the General Strike had demoralized the trade unions"

stammer:動詞,結巴。例句:He dialled 999 and stammered (out) his name and address.(他撥了999,結結巴巴地報上姓名與住址。)
run in the family:片語,家族特有的特徵。例句:Intelligence seems to run in that family.(那家人好像都很聰明。)
Also, run in the family. Be characteristic of a family or passed on from one generation to the next, as in That happy-go-lucky trait runs in the blood, or Big ears run in the family. The first term dates from the early 1600s, the second from the late 1700s.
metabolic:形容詞,代謝的。例句:The athletes had taken pills to stimulate their metabolic rate.(運動員服用藥物刺激新陳代謝。)

stutter (SPEAK)
verb [I]
to speak or say something, especially the first part of a word, with difficulty, for example pausing before it or repeating it several times:
She stutters a bit, so let her finish what she's saying.
[+ speech] "C-c-can we g-go now?" stuttered Jenkins.
Compare stammer.

noun [C]
Toni's developed a slight stutter over the last few months.

noun [C]stammer
to speak or say something with unusual pauses or repeated sounds, either because of speech problems or because of fear and anxiety:
[+ speech] "Wh-when can we g-go?" she stammered.
He dialled 999 and stammered (out) his name and address.
Compare stutter (SPEAK).

noun [C usually singular]
Robert has a bit of a stammer.

noun [C]
a person who stammers




Pronunciation: /ˈspʌtə/
Translate sputter | into Italian

  • 1 [no object] make a series of soft explosive or spitting sounds:the engine sputtered and stopped
  • [reporting verb] speak in a series of incoherent bursts as a result of strong emotion: [with direct speech]:‘But ... but ...’ she sputtered
  • [with object] emit with a spitting sound:the goose is in the oven, sputtering fat
  • [with adverbial] proceed in a spasmodic and feeble way:strikes in the public services sputtered on
  • 2 [with object] Physics deposit (metal) on a surface by using fast ions to eject particles of it from a target.
  • coat (a surface) with a spray of metal particles emitted from a target that is bombarded with fast ions.


  • a series of soft explosive or spitting sounds:the sputter of the motor died away




late 16th century (as a verb): from Dutch sputteren, of imitative origin



  1. to speak or say (something) in a hesitant way, esp as a result of a speech disorder or through fear, stress, etc


  1. a speech disorder characterized by involuntary repetitions and hesitations

Alternative Forms

ˈstammerer noun ˈstammering noun adjective ˈstammeringly adverb

Word Origin

Old English stamerian ; related to Old Saxon stamarōn , Old High German stamm


View thesaurus entry
= speech impediment, stutter, speech defect,

demoralize, UK USUALLY demoralise
verb [T]
to weaken the confidence of someone or something:
Losing several matches in succession had completely demoralized the team.

demoralized, UK USUALLY demoralised 
having lost your confidence, enthusiasm, and hope:
After the game, the players were tired and demoralized.

demoralizing, UK USUALLY demoralising 
Being out of work for a long time is very demoralizing.

an・eu・rysm, an・eu・rism

━━ n. 【医】動脈瘤(りゅう).



[no object]
  • 1 literary faint, especially from extreme emotion:Frankie’s mother swooned and had to be helped to the headmaster’s office
  • 2be overcome with admiration, adoration, or other strong emotion:women swoon over his manly, unaffected ways


  • an occurrence of fainting:he found his wife in a swoon


Middle English: the verb from obsolete swown 'fainting', the noun from aswoon 'in a faint', both from Old English geswōgen 'overcome'