2017年2月28日 星期二

infringe, infringer, travesty, in the hunt, parody, encroach, fair, fair use,

美国一家独立机构的一份最新报告说,假冒商品、盗版软件以及商业秘密窃取造成美国每年高达6000亿美元的损失。与此同时,报告还把中国列为“世界最主要的侵犯知识产权者”(world’s principal IP infringer)。全文:https://goo.gl/l7ANzJ

Trump is running as a left-winger’s caricature of selfish, unprincipled conservatism. If elected Republicans embrace that travesty, they have themselves to blame for the damage that he will surely do their cause

Secretary of State John Kerry gives his take on what happens if Congress rejects the Iran nuclear deal. The full conversation airs tomorrow on Morning Edition.

Why films about painters always get the actual painting wrong

A brush with Mr Turner: why can’t films about painters get the painting right?
They get the period clothes and the buildings spot-on. So why not the actual work? Turner expert Andrew Wilton on when inaccuracies become travesties

United Nations' Rights Chief says Israel may be committing war crimes.

UN Human Rights Council Launches Inquiry into Gaza Conflict
Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu calls vote to open inquiry a "travesty"
TIME.COM   Pakistan’s Tyranny of Blasphemy
Islamists are using laws against religious offenses to encroach on both state and society.

 In Silicon Valley, Patents Go on Trial
In a trial starting next week, Apple will argue that Samsung had a deliberate strategy of copying Apple's smartphone designs.Samsung will likely say that Apple's designs aren't unique and that Apple is infringing on some Samsung patents.

 Google, Oracle Head to Showdown
Opening arguments are expected to begin as soon as Tuesday in the legal showdown between Google and Oracle. Oracle alleges that Google's Android mobile-phone software infringes on Java patents and copyrights.

HTC Sues Apple Using Patents Obtained From Google Last Week
(2498), Asia's second-biggest maker of smartphones, filed infringement claims against Apple Inc. today, using patents it bought from Google Inc. (GOOG) last week. The nine patents originated with Palm Inc., Motorola Inc. and Openwave Systems Inc., ...

fair use: the US Supreme Court ruled in Campbell v. Acuff-Rose Music that parodies are not copyright infringements (1994)

Apple Sues Google Phone Maker
Apple is suing HTC, the maker of several Google-based smart phones, claiming patent infringement on the iPhone's user interface and hardware.
Ganging Up on Internet Pirates
Internet users who upload and download pirated movies and music online may soon be getting an unpleasant surprise: Warnings from their service providers that detail their alleged copyright infringement and threaten action if they don't stop.

in the hunt

  1. (informal) having a chance of success   ⇒ that result keeps us in the hunt


  • 発音記号[infríndʒ]
[動](他)〈法律・契約・義務・権利・誓い・原理などを〉犯す, 破る, 侵害する, に違反する, 違背する
infringe a copyright [a patent
━━(自)[infringe on [upon] A]〈A(法律・権利など)を〉侵害する
infringe on women's rights
[ラテン語infringere(in-中に+frangere破る=破り入る). △FRAGILE, FRACTION

in·fringe·ment (ĭn-frĭnj'mənt) pronunciation
  1. A violation, as of a law, regulation, or agreement; a breach.
  2. An encroachment, as of a right or privilege. See synonyms at breach.
1 [C or U] writing, music, art, speech, etc. which intentionally copies the style of someone famous or copies a particular situation, making the features or qualities of the original more noticeable in a way that is humorous:
He was an eighteenth-century author who wrote parodies of other people's works.
There is a hint of self-parody in his later paintings.
Compare travesty.

2 [C] DISAPPROVING something which so obviously fails to achieve the effect that was intended that it is ridiculous:
"It was a parody of a trial, " said one observer.

noun [C]
a person who writes parodies

verb [T]
to copy the style of someone or something in a humorous way:
One of the papers is running a competition in which you've got to parody a well-known author.

Line breaks: trav|esty
Pronunciation: /ˈtravɪsti /

NOUN (plural travesties)

A false, absurd, or distorted representation of something:the absurdly lenient sentence is a travesty of justice
VERB (travestiestravestyingtravestied)
[WITH OBJECT]Back to top  
Represent in a false, absurd, or distorted way:Michael has betrayed the family by travestying them in his plays


mid 17th century (as an adjective in the sense 'dressed to appear ridiculous'): from French travesti 'disguised', past participle of travestir, from Italian travestire, fromtrans- 'across' + vestire 'clothe'.

fair use
In copyright law, quotation or reproduction of a small portion of copyrighted material (with proper acknowledgment), which does not require the permission of the copyright holder. The amount varies in proportion to the length of the original, the governing theory being that the use should not decrease the market for the original.

fair (RIGHT)
1 treating someone in a way that is right or reasonable, or treating a group of people equally and not allowing personal opinions to influence your judgment:
a fair trial
Why should I have to do all the cleaning? It's not fair!
It's not fair on Joe (= It is not right) to make him do all the work!
It's not fair that she's allowed to go and I'm not!
It's not fair to blame me for everything!
She's scrupulously fair with all her employees (= she treats them all equally).
She claims her article was a fair comment on (= a reasonable thing to say about) a matter of public interest.
He offered to do all the cleaning if I did all the cooking, which seemed like a fair (= reasonable) deal.

2 If something, such as a price or share, is fair, it is reasonable and is what you expect or deserve:
I thought it was a fair price that she was offering.
I'm willing to do my fair (= equal) share of the work.
All the workers want is a fair wage for the work that they do.

3 If a game or competition is fair, it is done according to the rules:
It was a fair fight.

If you do something fairly, you do it in a way which is right and reasonable and treats people equally:
He claimed that he hadn't been treated fairly by his employers.
Officials will ensure that the election is carried out fairly.
See also fairly at fair (QUITE LARGE).

noun [U]
the quality of treating people equally or in a way that is right or reasonable:
He had a real sense of fairness and hated injustice.
The ban on media reporting during the election has made some people question the fairness of the election (= ask whether it was fair).
See also fairness at fair (BEAUTIFUL).


Line breaks: en|croach
Pronunciation: /ɪnˈkrəʊtʃ
, ɛn-/


[no object] (usually encroach on/upon)
  • 1Intrude on (a person’s territory, rights, personal life, etc.): rather than encroach on his privacy she might have kept to her room
  • 1.1Advance gradually beyond usual or acceptable limits: the sea has encroached all round the coast





late Middle English (in the sense 'obtain unlawfully, seize'; formerly also as incroach): from Old French encrochier 'seize, fasten upon', from en- 'in, on' + crochier (from croc 'hook', from Old Norse krókr).