2017年6月13日 星期二

precarious, dissemble,in arms, temperate, brouhaha, parlous


Sessions Gives a Master Class in Dissembling

He said he would “respond to questions as fully as the Lord enables me to do.” Apparently that meant not very fully.



Nationalism: a long shadow over Asia's precarious future

BY 



No. 416


February 25, 2009


The Age of Precarious Employment



A Precarious Olympic Bid for Istanbul
The timing of the Istanbul protests could hardly be worse for those who hope the city's fifth bid for the Olympic Games will finally be a winner.


In 2008, which Taiwanese companies have the wherewithal to weather a global financial meltdown and precarious market conditions? The island’s benchmark...

Glitch Caused Google Disruptions in China
Google said an unexplained glitch on its part caused China's Internet censorship mechanism to block nearly all China-based searches on its sites, highlighting the precariousness of its position in the country.

TSURUGA, Japan — Three hundred miles southwest of Fukushima, at a nuclear reactor perched on the slopes of this rustic peninsula, engineers are engaged in another precarious struggle.



Today Beaubourg appears as inevitable a part of the Paris landscape as the Eiffel Tower, which created much the same brouhaha in its time. Now that this versatile cultural center ranks as one of the great tourist attractions of Europe and exudes the authority of a 20th-century Louvre, it is useful to remember how precarious and bitterly contested a project it was less than two decades ago.








Pedalling prosperity

China’s economy is not as precarious as it looks, says Simon Cox. But it still needs to change (21)



Tent villagers live in a precarious situation

2009/1/6
The poignant strains of "Furusato" (Hometown) filled the wintry air, sung by a woman accompanied by an accordionist for the people at Toshikoshi Haken Mura (dispatch workers' New Year village), the temporary shelter set up in Tokyo's Hibiya Park to provide shelter and meals for jobless and homeless people over the year-end and New Year's holidays.
"After I reach my goal/ I will return home someday," the woman sang. Yet, before me stretched a long line, filled with people who have no homes to go to. They were all seeking food, shelter and warm clothing.
This landmark park in the heart of Tokyo was the perfect place to highlight the reality of the nation's desperate poverty today. The major media organizations are all concentrated nearby. The park is surrounded by institutions that stand for everything but poverty--bank headquarters, luxury hotels, the outer gardens of the Imperial Palace and government ministries and agencies.
The tent village could not have posed a greater contrast. The nearest government office is the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare--the entity responsible for the nation's health and employment issues.
Perhaps because they were determined not to let anyone freeze to death practically on their doorstep, officials opened the doors to an auditorium at the ministry to the "villagers."
It was a stroke of genius by the organizers to erect their tents there, shoving the problem of poverty right in the government's face.
But after Monday, this village will be dismantled and the auditorium doors shut. The hundreds of homeless people were asked to move to other temporary shelters. It is the government's responsibility to protect citizens in emergencies, but these people's constitutionally guaranteed "right to maintain the minimum standards of wholesome and cultured living" is precarious at best.
In his New Year's news conference, Prime Minister Taro Aso quoted a philosopher's words: "Pessimism comes from our passions; optimism from the will." He said this is one of his favorite quotes. Yet, the distress felt by people who have been fired can hardly be called a product of their passions. Aso, who is supposed to steer the nation through these critical times, seems to have a limited ability to read the prevailing public mood.
The same could be said of the crucial requirement that a leader must be able to persuade the nation to use its maximum powers of recovery.
If I may be so impertinent, I will also critique Aso's kakizome New Year's calligraphy which comprised the kanji characters for anshin (peace of mind) and katsuryoku (vitality). The final brush stroke was weak and blurry. He should have used more ink and stronger wrist control.
The year's political confrontations are about to begin, focusing on surviving this dismal economy. At the tent village, leaders of opposition parties vowed to end the current "political disaster."
During Aso's televised news conference, a tsunami warning flashed on the screen, prompting thoughts of what lies ahead in this turbulent new year.
--The Asahi Shimbun, Jan. 5(IHT/Asahi: January 6,2009)



He has become more aware than ever of what he and Voldemort have in common - from orphaned childhoods to an ability to talk Parseltongue (i.e., snake speech) to the possession of matching wands - and in one chilling scene, he is forced to choose between duty to his mission and his most heartfelt emotions. In discovering the true identity of the Half-Blood Prince, Harry will learn to re-evaluate the value of first impressions and the possibility that his elders' convictions can blind them to parlous truths. And in embracing his own identity, he will discover his place in history.


'The Routes of Man'

By TED CONOVER
Reviewed by WILLIAM T. VOLLMANN
Ted Conover's globe-spanning travelogues can be fascinating in themselves, and his meditations on highways are thoughtful, temperate and generous.





It was on the day, or rather night, of the 27th of June 1787, between the hours of eleven and twelve, that I wrote the last lines of the last page in a summer house in my garden. After laying down my pen, I took several turns in a berceau or covered walk of acacias, which commands a prospect of the country, the lake, and the mountains. The air was temperate, the sky was serene, the silver orb of the moon was reflected from the waters, and all nature was silent. I will not dissemble the first emotions of joy on the recovery of my freedom, and, perhaps, the establishment of my fame. But my pride was soon humbled, and a sober melancholy was spread over my mind by the idea that I had taken an everlasting leave of an old and agreeable companion, and that whatsoever might be the future date of my History, the life of the historian must be short and precarious."
但很快我的得意被壓下去了,心裡充滿了一種冷靜的憂鬱,由於想到我已永遠地告別一位多年的良友,想到不論這歷史會存在多久,寫史人的生命則必然是短促而不安的。(王佐良先生編『英國散文的流變』頁87。)
the historian must be short and precarious 這嘆史家之生命注定短暫而不確定。
precarious 另外一種意思如「神遊」--寫這巨著之經驗。


  parlous
(adjective) Fraught with danger.


(adjective) Fraught with danger.
Synonyms:perilous, touch-and-go, precarious
Usage:Our economy is in a parlous state and has been for some time.



precarious: dangerous, insecure, perious, risky, rocky, shaky, uncertain, unsafe, unstable, unsteady, vulnerable, wobbly

pre・car・i・ous


━━ a. 当てにならない; 不安定な; 危険な; 根拠のあやふやな; 他人まかせの.
  1. Dangerously lacking in security or stability: a precarious posture; precarious footing on the ladder.
  2. Subject to chance or unknown conditions: "His kingdom was still precarious; the Danes far from subdued" (Christopher Brooke).
  3. Based on uncertain, unwarranted, or unproved premises: a precarious solution to a difficult problem.
  4. Archaic. Dependent on the will or favor of another.
[From Latin precārius, obtained by entreaty, uncertain, from precārī, to entreat. See pray.]
Depending on the will or pleasure of another (a temporary and precarious office) see also precarious possession at possession
Meaning #1: affording no ease or reassurance
Synonym:
unstable
Meaning #2: fraught with danger
Synonyms:
parlous, perilous, touch-and-go
Meaning #3: dangerously insecure
Meaning #4: not secure; beset with difficulties
Synonym:
shaky
adj. - 不穩定的, 危險的, 不安的

基本意義
precarious

adjective ━━ a. 当てにならない; 不安定な; 危険な; 根拠のあやふやな; 他人まかせの.
1 in a dangerous state because not safe or firmly fixed:
The lorry was lodged in a very precarious way, with its front wheels hanging over the cliff.

2 A precarious situation is likely to get worse:
Many borrowers now find themselves caught in a precarious financial position.

precariously
adverb
in a way that is likely to fall, be damaged, fail, etc:
Her suitcase was precariously balanced on the tiny luggage rack above her head.
He lived rather precariously from one day to the next, never knowing where his next meal was coming from.

precariousness
brouhaha
  • [brúːhɑːhɑ`ː]
[名][U]((古風))世論の沸騰, 大騒ぎ;(ささいなことから起こる)事件.
[フランス語]


A sympathetic observer, British philosopher David Hume, "professed no surprise when he learned that Rousseau's books were banned in Geneva and elsewhere." Rousseau, he wrote, "has not had the precaution to throw any veil over his sentiments; and, as he scorns to dissemble his contempt for established opinions, he could not wonder that all the zealots were in arms against him. The liberty of the press is not so secured in any country ... as not to render such an open attack on popular prejudice somewhat dangerous.'"[17]

dissemble
verb [I] FORMAL
to hide your real intentions and feelings or the facts:
He accused the government of dissembling.

dissemble


  音節
dis • sem • ble
発音
disémbl
dissembleの変化形
dissembled (過去形) • dissembled (過去分詞) • dissembling (現在分詞) • dissembles (三人称単数現在)
dissembleの慣用句
dissembler, (全1件)
[動](他)((形式))…を(…で)偽る, 隠す((with, by ...));…を装う, のふりをする
dissemble embarrassment by smiling
きまりの悪さを笑ってごまかす.
━━(自)本当の気持ちを隠す, しらばくれる, ねこをかぶる.
-bler
[名]偽善者.
-bling・ly
[副]




tem·per·ate (tĕm'pər-ĭt, tĕm'prĭt) pronunciationadj.
  1. Exercising moderation and self-restraint: learned to be temperate in eating and drinking.
  2. Moderate in degree or quality; restrained: temperate criticism.
  3. Characterized by moderate temperatures, weather, or climate; neither hot nor cold.
  4. Biology. Of or relating to a virus that infects bacterial cells but rarely causes lysis: temperate bacteriophages.
[Middle English temperat, from Latin temperātus, from past participle of temperāre, to temper. See temper.]
temperately tem'per·ate·ly adv.
temperateness tem'per·ate·ness n.


    temperate

    発音〔témprit〕
    ━━ a. 節制する ((in)); 控え目な; 穏健な; 節[禁]酒の; (気候が)温和な.
    tem・per・ate・ly ━━ ad.
    tem・per・ate・ness ━━ n.
    Temperate Zone 【地理】(the 〜) 温帯.

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