2016年4月16日 星期六

bristle, glance, graze, shave, skim, fresh, tepid

         Saudi Arabia Warns of Economic Fallout if Congress Passes 9/11 Bill

By MARK MAZZETTI

The kingdom has bristled over a bill that would allow its government to be held responsible in American courts for any role in the Sept. 11 attacks.


  'It hit my hand! It hit my hand!'

  

Changing of the Guard

Party Bristles at Military’s Push for More Sway in China

With China’s once-a-decade leadership transition nearing, Communist Party leaders are pushing back against what some see as military officials’ intrusion into policy and politics.

 

 

We'll Be Here for the Rest of Our Lives'

By PAUL SHAFFER
Reviewed by PETER KEEPNEWS
Paul Shaffer's memoir includes brushes with Andy Kaufman and Jerry Lewis.



After brushes with breast cancer and melanoma, Ms. Dunn was diagnosed with Stage IV ovarian cancer in January 2004. Intense chemotherapy, which lasted through August 2005, appeared to have beaten back the disease, but she later had surgery to remove cancer that had spread to her liver.






Tepid Japan Output Highlights Fresh Concerns
Wall Street Journal
By KELLY OLSEN TOKYO—Japanese industrial production posted weaker-than-expected growth in April, highlighting fresh concerns about broad economic growth in the world's third-largest economy. Output rose 0.2% from the previous month, data released ...


 Bankia Tumbles as Spanish Stocks Slide
Continued concerns about Spanish banks sent the country's stock market to fresh nine-year lows, the two-year German yield to zero and the euro to its weakest level against the dollar in nearly two years.

Chinese Official Brushes Aside Calls to Buy European Debt
New York Times
BEIJING — The head of China's $410 billion sovereign wealth fund has brushed aside a call by the German chancellor, Angela Merkel, to buy European government debt, saying Monday that such investments were “difficult” for long-term investors.

Chevron sets itself apart from rival BP in the Gulf Chevron has come out swinging in its fight to continue drilling in the deep waters of the Gulf of Mexico, arguing that not all oil firms should be tarred with the brush of BP's Deepwater Horizon disaster.


China told personal-computer makers they must ship Web-blocking software with new PCs as of July 1, enabling censorship and creating a dilemma for the manufacturers.中國計劃要求7月1日之後在華銷售的所有個人電腦出廠時裝有阻止電腦訪問某些網站的軟件﹐此舉可能會給政府互聯網內容審查機構對中國網民訪問互聯網的方式施以前所未有的控制。

Chinese Web users bristled at state media reports of a rule requiring new PCs to be shipped with Web-filtering software.


bristle
n.
  1. A stiff hair.
  2. A stiff hairlike structure: the bristles of a wire brush.

v.-tled-tling-tlesv.intr.
  1. To stand stiffly on end like bristles: The hair on the dog's neck bristled.
  2. To raise the bristles: The cat bristled at the sight of the large dog.
  3. To react in an angry or offended manner: The author bristled at the suggestion of plagiarism.
  4. To be covered or thick with or as if with bristles: The path bristled with thorns.
v.tr.
  1. To cause to stand erect like bristles; stiffen.
  2. To furnish or supply with bristles.
  3. To make bristly; ruffle.
[Middle English bristel, probably from Old English *byrstel, from byrst, bristle.]

bristle[bris・tle]

  • レベル:社会人必須
  • 発音記号[brísl]

[名][C][U]粗い毛;(豚の首や背の)剛毛;剛毛状の物
set up one's bristles
(動物が)(怒って)逆毛を立てる, (人が)激怒する.
━━[動](自)
1 〈毛・羽などが〉(怒りなどで)逆立つ;〈動物が〉毛を逆立てる((up/with ...)).
2 さっと怒りを顔に表す.
3 〈場所などが〉(…で)いっぱいである, (…が)密生する, 林立する;〈問題が〉(困難に)満ちている((with ...)).
━━(他)
1 〈毛・羽を〉逆立てる.
2 …を怒らせる, いらだたせる.
3 …に(…を)林立させる((with ...));〈ブラシなどに〉剛毛を植える.
brís・tled
[形]






graze 2 

Pronunciation: /ɡreɪz/ 


VERB

[WITH OBJECT]
1Scrape and break the surface of the skin of (a part of the body):she fell down and grazed her knees
1.1Touch or scrape lightly in passing:his hands just grazed hers

NOUN

slight injury where the skin is scraped:cuts and grazes on the skin

Origin

Late 16th century: perhaps a specific use of graze1.

fresh[fresh]

  • レベル:最重要
  • 発音記号[fréʃ]

[形]
1
(1) できたての, 新しい;手に入れた[得られた]ばかりの;((叙述))(…から)来た[着いた]ばかりの((from, out of ...))
a fresh wound
受けたばかりの傷
fresh tea
入れたての紅茶
a loaf of fresh bread
焼きたてのパン
fresh news
最新のニュース
fresh out offromcollege
大学を出たての.
(2) 〈食品などが〉新鮮な, 保存加工をしていない, (冷凍でなく)生のままの
fresh eggs
新鮮な卵.
2 ざん新な, 目新しい;((限定))これまでになかった, 新規の, 追加の
a fresh idea
ざん新な考え
make a fresh start
新規まき直しをする
light a fresh cigarette
新しいタバコに火をつける
receive fresh inspiration
これまでにない刺激を受ける.
3 〈水・バターなどが〉塩気のない
fresh butter
無塩バター.
4 〈人・声などが〉元気のいい, 生き生きした, 若々しく健康そうな, みずみずしい
a fresh complexion
生き生きした顔色
I never felt fresher.
こんなそう快な気分は初めてだ.
5 色あせていない, 真新しい(⇒NEW[類語]);(記憶などに)生々しく[あざやかに]残っている((in ...))
Fresh Paint.
((掲示))ペンキ塗りたて
a fresh handkerchief
真新しいハンカチ
put on a fresh coat of paint
新しくペンキを塗る
That accident is fresh in my mind.
その事件は記憶に新しい.
6 〈空気・風などが〉さわやかな, すがすがしい;冷たくて風の強い;〈風が〉かなり強い
fresh air
外気;新鮮な空気.
7 〈人が〉未熟な, うぶな, 青二才の
fresh recruits
新兵
He is fresh to that job.
その仕事に慣れていない.
8 ((米略式))〈人が〉(…に対して)生意気な, (特に異性に)なれなれしい;エッチな((with ...))
getbe] fresh with a person
人になれなれしくする.
9 ((米俗))すごい, かっこいい.
10 ((俗))超然とした, クールな.
11 〈雌牛が〉子牛を産んだばかりの, 乳が出るようになった.
(as) fresh as a daisy
((略式))元気はつらつとした.
fresh out of ...
((米話))…を切らしたばかりで.
━━[名]
1 (1日・1年・人生などの)初期, 新鮮な時期
in the fresh of the morning
早朝のすがすがしい時に.
2freshet.
3 (一陣の)突風.
4 ((米))(大学の)新入生.
━━[動](他)(自)新しく[新鮮に]する[なる].
━━[副]((時に複合語))新たに, 新規に;つい最近;たった今
fresh laid eggs
産みたての卵
fresh-picked strawberries
摘みたてのイチゴ.
fresh・ness
[名][U]新しさ;新鮮味;なまなましさ, 鮮明.

  tepid[tep・id]

  • レベル:社会人必須
  • 発音記号[tépid]

[形]
1 〈特に液体が〉微温の, なまぬるい
tepid water
((英))ぬるま湯(▼同じ意のlukewarm waterは英米ともに用いる).
2 熱意に欠ける, 気乗りのしない.
te・píd・i・ty, ・ness
[名]
tep・id・ly
[副]

brush
n.
    1. A device consisting of bristles fastened into a handle, used in scrubbing, polishing, or painting.
    2. The act of using this device.
  1. A light touch in passing; a graze.
  2. An instance of contact with something undesirable or dangerous: a brush with the law; a brush with death.
  3. A bushy tail: the brush of a fox.
  4. A sliding connection completing a circuit between a fixed and a moving conductor.
  5. A snub; a brushoff.

v., brushed, brush·ing, brush·es. v.tr.
    1. To clean, polish, or groom with a brush.
    2. To apply with or as if with motions of a brush.
    3. To remove with or as if with motions of a brush.
  1. To dismiss abruptly or curtly: brushed the matter aside; brushed an old friend off.
  2. To touch lightly in passing; graze against.
v.intr.
  1. To use or apply a brush.
  2. To move past something so as to touch it lightly.
phrasal verbs:
brush back Baseball.
  1. To force (a batter) to move away from the plate by throwing an inside pitch.
brush up
  1. To refresh one's memory.
  2. To renew a skill.
[Middle English brusshe, from Old French brosse, brushwood, brush. See brush2.]
brusher brush'er n.
brushy brush'y adj.
SYNONYMS brush, flick, glance, graze, shave, skim. These verbs mean to make light contact with something in passing: Her arm brushed mine. I flicked the paper with my finger. The arrow glanced off the tree. The knife blade grazed the countertop. A taxi shaved the curb. The oar skims the pond's surface.






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