2016年10月25日 星期二

adjudicate,crap, shovel, cotton on, try (LAW)in secret, tribunal, lawmaker, lawgiver

In an era when Europe had been torn asunder by warfare between Catholic and Protestant kings, John Locke set out the revolutionary idea that the state should hold back from adjudicating or enforcing religious doctrine. A century later, his ideas had a decisive influence on America's founding fathers. And to this day, he is provoking some rich intellectual debate, among Muslims as well as Christianshttp://econ.st/16zeLBl

FOR anyone who believes in freedom of thought, worship and speech, John Locke must rank as a towering genius. In an era when Europe had been torn asunder by warfare...

From today's Morning Reads:
- According to NY Rep. Louise Slaughter, the top Dem on the House Rules Committee, the $1 trillion spending bill that the House is expected to vote on today “is 1,600 pages, was released in the middle of the night, and not one member of this committee has been able to read all the way through it. There has been no opportunity for public input, no mark ups, no hearings.”
- The Washington Post writes it includes “a measure tucked into the bill that would allow rich donors to shovel up to nearly 10 times as much in campaign cash into the coffers of party committees.”
Dick Cheney says the Senate report on torture is “full of crap.”

"I've never felt more shoved under the rug in my life."
EMMA SULKOWICZ, a Columbia University junior, describing the college's adjudication process after she reported being sexually assaulted by a fellow student.
Businesses have cottoned on to how lucrative breaking a record can be, and the promotional dividends that come with it. Now Guinness World Records, which adjudicates the veracity of many world record-breaking attempts, charges a fee for guiding companies as they try to smash records http://econ.st/GTUBVO
China had a $198 billion trade surplus with the rest of the world last year, with its exports to the United States outpacing imports by more than four to one. Despite that, in the last 12 months, Beijing has filed more cases with the W.T.O.’s powerful trade tribunals in Geneva than any other country complaining about another’s trade practices.

The Washington Post points out that this "strategy is largely intended to avoid the mistakes of the Clinton administration, which crafted an extensive proposal in secret for many months before delivering the finished product to lawmakers, who quickly rejected it."

Japan pledges more money for Khmer Rouge tribunal
International Herald Tribune - FranceAP PHNOM PENH, Cambodia: Japan will give an additional $21 million to the Cambodian genocide tribunal trying the surviving leaders of the Khmer Rouge, ...

The Cambodia Tribunals

The start of U.N.-backed trials of leading members of the Khmer Rouge in February has allowed victims to expose Cambodia's mostly silent past and educate those too young to remember the killing fields.

市場失當行為審裁處: Market Misconduct Tribunal


Line breaks: crap

vulgar slang


1Something of extremely poor quality.
1.2Unwanted articles; rubbish.
2.1[COUNT NOUN] An act of defecation.


Syllabification: shov·el
Pronunciation: /ˈSHəvəl/

verb (shoveled, shoveling ; Britishshovelled, shovelling)

[with object] Back to top  
  • 1Move (coal, earth, snow, or similar material) with a shovel: she shoveled coal on the fire
  • 1.1Remove snow from (an area) with a shovel: I’ll clean the basement and shovel the walk
  • 1.2 informal Put or push (something, typically food) somewhere quickly and in large quantities: Dave was shoveling pasta into his mouth



Pronunciation: /-ˌfo͝ol/
noun (plural shovelfuls)


Old English scofl, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch schoffel, German Schaufel, also to the verb shove.

  1. Law.
    1. A seat or court of justice.
    2. The bench on which a judge or other presiding officer sits in court.
  2. A committee or board appointed to adjudicate in a particular matter.
  3. Something that has the power to determine or judge: the tribunal of public opinion.
[Middle English, from Old French, from Latin tribūnal, judge's platform, from tribūnus, tribune. See tribune1.]

tribunal 発音〔traibjú:nl, tri-〕

━━ n. 法官席; 法廷; (世論の)裁き; 〔英〕 (第一次大戦中の)兵役免除審査局.


Syllabification: (ad·ju·di·cate)
Pronunciation: /əˈjo͞odiˌkāt/
Translate adjudicate | into French | into German | into Italian | into Spanish


[no object]
  • make a formal judgment or decision about a problem or disputed matter:the committee adjudicates on all betting disputes [with object]:the case was adjudicated in the Supreme Court
  • act as a judge in a competition:we asked him to adjudicate at the local flower show
  • [with object and complement] pronounce or declare judicially:he was adjudicated bankrupt



Pronunciation: /-ˌkātiv/


early 18th century (in the sense 'award judicially'): from Latin adjudicat- 'awarded judicially', from the verb adjudicare (see adjudge). The noun adjudication dates from the early 17th century

in secret
1 in a private place with no one else present and without other people knowing:
The negotiators were meeting in secret for several months before the peace agreement was made public.

2 only in someone's thoughts, without telling other people:
He says he loathes her, but I think in secret he really likes her.

try (LAW) Show phonetics
verb [T]
to examine a person accused of committing a crime in a court of law by asking them questions and considering known facts, and then decide if they are guilty:
Because of security implications the officers were tried in secret.
They are being tried for murder.
See also trial (LEGAL PROCESS).







[no object] informal
  • 1 (cotton on) begin to understand:he cottoned on to what I was trying to say
2 (cotton to) North American have a liking for:his rivals didn’t cotton to all the attention he was getting

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hanching chung 提到...

Obama Restarts Terrorism Tribunals
The Obama administration lifted its freeze on new military trials at Guantanamo Bay and for the first time laid out its legal strategy to indefinitely detain prisoners who the government says can't be tried but are too dangerous to be freed.