2017年3月25日 星期六

skete, solitude, Eremitism, Eremetism



Frederick Mote, "Confucian Eremetism in the Yuan Period," in The Confucian Persuasion, which deals with Cheng Ssu-hsiao

engaging in “Confucian” (as opposed to “Daoist”) eremetism: withdrawing due. to
the unsatisfactory nature of the contemporary social and political order ...

Eremitism

n.The state of a hermit; a living in seclusion from social life.



Eremetism was a monastic movement in vogue in the twelfth century. The demand for a new spirituality led many men to experiment with different kinds of eremitic living which was based on the lives of the Desert Fathers who had "invented" the idea.\18 In fact, a hermitage to which monks could retire for solitude is said to have existed in the environs of Vézelay.

solitude
ˈsɒlɪtjuːd/
noun
  1. 1.
    the state or situation of being alone.獨處

    "she savoured her few hours of freedom and solitude"

  2. 2.
    a lonely or uninhabited place.

    "the battle to preserve beloved solitudes flared up all over the country"



hermit

A skete is a group of hermits following a monastic rule, allowing them to worship in comparative solitude, although with a level of support present not available for a lone hermit.
A Skete usually has a common area of worship (a church or a chapel), with individual hermitages, or small houses for a small number of monks or nuns.
In the early tradition of Christianity, the Skete was one form of monastic life, forming a bridge between the cenobium (community of monks or nuns living together) and the isolated hermitage (solo monks and nuns). In the early church, men and women aspiring to be hermits or anchorites, would first be sent to the Skete in preparation - the Skete acted as almost a 'halfway house' between the cenobium and total solitude.
The term "skete" has fallen out of use in Western Christianity, however the eremitic communal life of the Carthusian, Camaldolese, and Carmelite hermits is similar to that in the Eastern Christian tradition.

See also


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