2018年1月6日 星期六

paraphrase, repeat, formalize, reiterate, make no bones about sth

好好地吊死常常可以防止壞的婚姻。The Danish philosopher Søren Kierkegaard opens his book Philosophical Fragments with the quote "Better well hanged than ill wed" which is a paraphrase of Feste's comment to Maria in Act 1, Scene 5: "Many a good hanging prevents a bad marriage".
The British Library
Today is Twelfth Day – once a day of great merrymaking marking the end of Christmas festivities. Our @UntoldLives blog explores some of the customs including pinning people together by their clothes. http://bit.ly/1BDdsLa

Chip Designer ARM Posts Lower Profit
ARM Holdings reported a drop in third-quarter earnings, hurt by lower revenue during the difficult economic environment, and reiterated its full-year revenue guidance.


Beijing Formalizes Call for New Reserve Currency
Wall Street Journal - USA
BEIJING -- China's central bank reiterated its call for the creation of a new international currency that could replace currencies such as the dollar in ...

The latest recordings by a couple of popular country music acts will never hit the Billboard charts but, to paraphrase the title of a song from the movie -"Nashville"- it don’t worry them.
That’s because the recordings -- by the singer Phil Vassar and the group Little Big Town -- were made on behalf of Red Roof Inn, a leading budget lodging chain. As part of a campaign that began last week, the voices of Mr. Vassar and the members of Little Big Town can be heard when guests at Red Roof motels ask for wake-up calls or potential guests are placed on hold when calling to book rooms.

When speaking with them, be sure you have done enough research to be knowledgeable about a subject and paraphrase back what they have said to acknowledge that you understand their ideas. To raise problems with their argument, ask questions instead of challenging them.


To paraphrase W. Edwards Deming, 94% of all improvement is in the hands of top management (through policy changes, procedural changes, investments in ...


「repeated」的搜尋結果


re·it·er·ate (rē-ĭt'ə-rāt'pronunciation
tr.v.-at·ed-at·ing-ates.
To say or do again or repeatedly. See synonyms at repeat.
reiteration re·it'er·a'tion n.
reiterative re·it'er·a'tive (-ə-rā'tĭv, -ər-ə-tĭvadj.
reiteratively re·it'er·a'tive·ly adv.
reiterator re·it'er·a'tor n.

TNE 「repeated」的搜尋結果

Make no bones about about sth


Make no bones about
Act or speak frankly about something, without hesitation or evasion. For example, Tom made no bones about wanting to be promoted, or Make no bones about it--she's very talented. Versions of this expression date back to the mid-1400s and the precise allusion is no longer known. Some believe it meant a boneless stew or soup that one could eat without hesitation; others relate it to dice, originally made from bones, that were thrown without hesitation or fuss.

make no bones about sth


not to try to hide your feelings:
He made no bones about his dissatisfaction with the service.
To make no bones about something means to say something in a way that leaves no doubt, or to have no objection to it.
The expression comes from fifteenth century England...if someone wanted to show that they were dissatisfied with something, they would find bones in it - a reference to finding bones in soup, which was not a pleasant discovery!
Therefore, finding bones was bad, and no bones was good. If you found no bones, you were able to enjoy the meal with no objections!


Meaning
To state a fact in a way that allows no doubt. To have no objection to.
Origin
This is another of those ancient phrases that we accept with our mother's milk as an idiom but which seem quite strange when we later give it some thought. When we are trying to convey that we acknowledge or have no objection to something, why bring bones into it?

It has been suggested that the bones were dice, which were previously made from bone and are still called bones in gambling circles. That explanation doesn't stand up to scrutiny - 'to make no dice about it' makes little sense. Also, in a 1542 translation of Erasmus's Paraphrase of Luke he discussed the command given to Abraham to sacrifice Isaac and wrote that 'he made no bones about it but went to offer up his son.' Erasmus wasn't noted for his visits to the gaming tables and would hardly have used betting terminology to discuss a biblical text.



以下引用箇所。
die n
1. a.I.1.a A small cube of ivory, bone, or other material, having its faces marked with spots numbering from one to six, used in games of chance by being thrown from a box or the hand, the chance being decided by the number on the face of the die that turns uppermost.
bone, n
5.I.5 Applied to various articles, originally or usually manufactured of bone, ivory, whalebone, etc. a.I.5.a pl. Dice.
8.I.8 to make bones of or about (at, in, to do obs.): to make objections or scruples about, find difficulty in, have hesitation in or about. So without more bones. Formerly also to find bones in, and similar phrases, referring to the occurrence of bones in soup, etc., as an obstacle to its being easily swallowed. Now usu. with negative.
1459 Paston Lett. 331 I. 444 And fond that tyme no bonys in the matere.

1548 Udall etc. Erasm. Par. Luke i. 28 He made no manier bones ne stickyng, but went in hande to offer up his only son Isaac.

paraphrase 
verb [I or T]
to repeat something written or spoken using different words, often in a humorous form or in a simpler and shorter form that makes the original meaning clearer
paraphrase 
noun [C] restatement
She gave us a quick paraphrase of what had been said.

(パラフレーズ 4 [paraphrase]


(名)スル
(1)原文の語句を別のやさしい言葉に置き換えること。敷衍(ふえん)。意訳。
(2)ある楽曲を他の楽器の演奏用などに変形・編曲すること。また、その曲。敷衍曲。改編曲。)




formalize
tr.v.-ized-iz·ing-iz·es.
  1. To give a definite form or shape to.
    1. To make formal.
    2. To give formal standing or endorsement to; make official or legitimate by the observance of proper procedure.
formalizable for'mal·iz'a·ble adj.
formalization for'mal·i·za'tion (-mə-lĭ-zā'shənn.
formalizer for'mal·iz'er
n.



repeat Show phonetics
verb
1 [T] to say or tell people something more than once:
Would you mind repeating what you just said?
Please don't repeat what I've just told you to anyone else.
[+ that] She repeated that she had no intention of standing for President.

2 [I or T] to happen, or to do something, more than once:
The test must be repeated several times.
This is an offer never to be repeated.
Johnny had to repeat a year/class at school.
[R] Some historians think that history repeats itself.

3 repeat yourself to say the same thing again, or the same things again and again:
His speech was dreadful - he just kept repeating himself.

repeat
noun [C]
1 when something happens or is done more than once:
All this is a repeat/a repeat performance of what happened last year.

2 a television or radio programme that is broadcast again:
There's nothing but repeats on television these days.

repeated
adjective
happening again and again:
repeated attempts/mistakes/warnings

repeatedly
adverb
many times:
He telephoned repeatedly, begging her to return.

repetition
noun [C or U]
when you repeat something:
His books are full of repetition and useless information.

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