2016年10月4日 星期二

passport, kerfuffle. ambiguity on sensitive issues, ambiguity doctrine


China’s Subtle War Against U.S. Dignity A2


The tarmac kerfuffle as Obama landed at the G-20 was emblematic of the minor aggressions China uses to diminish the U.S. and emphasize its own stature.


This week Stephen Hawking, a physicist known for his work on the astronomical phenomenon that are black holes, put forward a possible solution to a paradox on the topic that has had theorists pulling their hair out for four decades. Fundamentally, the discussion is about information. But what is the kerfuffle all about? The Economist explainshttp://econ.st/1K7ewzG

Windows 8 is a computer science masterpiece trapped inside a user interface kerfuffle.

In passport kerfuffle, Taiwan is stickin' it to China
Christian Science Monitor
China hasn't started a military war with Taiwan – as has been feared since the 1940s – but a battle that began on paper last month has met with a fiery pulp-and-ink response that could burn a hole in goodwill between the two once-hostile governments.
See all stories on this topic »

Christian Science Monitor





European Union | 22.02.2010

EU condemns use of fake passports in Hamas assassination

EU foreign ministers meeting in Brussels on Monday have strongly condemned the use of fake European passports used in the killing of a Hamas official in Dubai last month.

European Union foreign ministers issued a statement condemning the use of forged EU passports in the killing of a leading Hamas militant in Dubai.
"The EU strongly condemns the fact that those involved in this action used fraudulent EU member states' passports and credit cards acquired through the theft of EU citizens' identities," the declaration issued Monday said.
Although the statement avoided any explicit mention of Israel, Dubai authorities have said they believe Israel's secret service was involved in the killing. Israel has refused to confirm or deny any involvement.
The foreign ministers are to meet with Israeli Foreign Minister Avigdor Lieberman later on Monday.
The alleged killers of Mahmoud al-Mabhouh used 11 forged passports from Germany, France, the United Kingdom and Ireland when they entered the United Arab Emirates. Al-Mabhouh was found dead in his Dubai hotel on January 20.
Connection to Israel
Man carries the body of al-MabhouhBildunterschrift: Großansicht des Bildes mit der Bildunterschrift: Dubai police believe the Israeli foreign spy agency Mossad was behind the killing
Dubai authorities say they are "99 percent certain" that Israeli spies carried out the killing, and have suggested that the Israeli foreign intelligence service Mossad copied passports from European countries to allow the assassins to enter the Emirate more easily.
All four European countries have summoned Israeli diplomats to their foreign ministries to discuss the matter. Israel's refusal to comment is in accordance with its usual policy of ambiguity on such sensitive issues.
svs/acb/dpa/AFP/Reuters
Editor: Michael Lawton



kerfuffle
kəˈfʌf(ə)l/
noun
BRITISHinformal
  1. a commotion or fuss, especially one caused by conflicting views.
    "there was a kerfuffle over the chairmanship"


kerfuffles (複数形)

[名][C][U]((英略式))(…についての)大騒ぎ;パニック((about ...))

fuss and kerfuffle

大騒ぎ.

ambiguity

Pronunciation: /ambɪˈgjuːɪti/
noun (plural ambiguities)

[mass noun]
  • the quality of being open to more than one interpretation; inexactness:we can detect no ambiguity in this section of the Act [count noun]:ambiguities in such questions are potentially very dangerous

Origin:

late Middle English: from Old French ambiguite or Latin ambiguitas, from ambiguus 'doubtful' (see ambiguous)


 模稜兩可原則
Ambiguity doctrine is a rule of contractual interpretation which provides, while interpreting documents, ambiguities are to be construed unfavorably to the drafter. The reasoning behind this rule is to encourage the drafter of a contract to be as clear and explicit as possible and to take into account as many foreseeable situations as it can.
Ambiguity doctrine is also called Contra Proferentem Doctrine

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