2016年5月31日 星期二

mandatory, furlough, leave, moderator, dominion, ransack, capacious, cubicle, get out of the gate





During furloughs in the United States, he acquired a master's degree from Princeton University in 1938, followed by a doctorate from Princeton in 1948.




Photo: On a street in Washington, D.C., Matthew Giamo of Alexandria, Va., held up a sign seeking work. He lost his contract job with the Department of Health and Human Services last year, and his wife is now furloughed from her federal job.

Photos from Israel, Pakistan, South Korea and China in Pictures of the Day: http://nyti.ms/1go8adL

Photograph by Alex Wong/ Getty Images


Exclusive: Debate-Moderator Role Under Scrutiny
In a rare example of political unity, both the Romney and Obama campaigns have expressed concern about how the moderator of last week's town hall has publicly described her role


During his second furlough, which closed when he sailed from Vancouver on October 16, 1895, Dr. MacKay was elected moderator of the General Assembly of his church, and visited many points throughout the Dominion, in the United States, and in Scotland, addressing congregations and conventions. Everywhere and on all occasions the impression made was that of a great man and a hero. The demand for a fuller record of his life and work became increasingly virgent. Friends who knew that his information about Formosa was more extensive and more reliable than that of any other living man, and who believed that an account of his experiences and work would stimulate the faith and zeal of the church, but who feared lest, amid the uncertainties and perils to which his life is constantly exposed, his career should be cut short before any record that might be given to the public had been prepared, impressed upon him the duly of meeting this reasonable demand. To a man of his ardent temperament and active habits prolonged literary work is the most irksome drudgery. He would rather face a heathen mob than write a chapter for a book. But convinced of its importance, he undertook the task, receiving valuable assistance from the Rev. W. S. McTavish, B.D. For weeks together he did little else than ransack note-books and journals, and explore the stores of his capacious memory.


Workers Face Pay Cuts, Not Furloughs

Local and state governments, as well as some companies, are resorting to wage reductions, often to avoid layoffs. Above, a strike at a Mott’s plant over pay cuts.


furlough, cubicle On a Furlough, but Never Leaving the Cubicle
By SUSAN SAULNY and ROBBIE BROWN
Plans to turn unpaid days into modest holidays have given way to a different reality as some employees work quietly — and sometimes openly — through furloughs.


To Save Money, States Turn to Furloughs

By KATHARINE Q. SEELYE
At least 15 states are in various stages of considering or implementing furloughs.





United Will Furlough About 950 Pilots
United intends to furlough about 950 of its 6,500 pilots by the end of 2009 as a result of plans to reduce the fleet.



The Los Angeles Times leads with a look at how many firms are opting for broad-based salary cuts and mandatory furloughs rather than layoffs to stay afloat, hoping to get out of the gate quickly as the economy recovers.


目前我有一個短語不明就是「get out of the gate」,能麻煩賜教麼?--用心閣 07:53 2005年1月31日 (UTC)
不是條目中的。如下:
I watched one project get out of the gate fast with a useful, simple web-based trading system. Developers were flying by the seat of their pants, but simple software can be written with little attention to design. As a result of this initial success, expectations for future development were sky-high. It was at this point that I was approached to work on the second version. When I took a close look, I saw that they lacked a domain model, or even a common language on the project, and were saddled with an unstructured design. So when the project leaders did not agree with my assessment, I declined the job. A year later, they found themselves bogged down and unable to deliver a second version. Although their use of technology was not exemplary, it was the business logic that overcame them. Their first release had ossified prematurely into a high-maintenance legacy.
如此說來,應該翻譯成「起步」,原意指賽馬會開始比賽時,參賽馬匹出閘 --金翅大鵬鳥


2009
WEdwards Deming once said, “Change is not necessary. Survival is not mandatory.”

The Los Angeles Times leads with a look at how many firms are opting for broad-based salary cuts and mandatory furloughs rather than layoffs to stay afloat, hoping to get out of the gate quickly as the economy recovers.

A loss by Mr. Ma, which campaign analysts say is unlikely but now possible, would be a major setback for China’s leaders. They have cultivated the Nationalists in recent years to undermine Taiwan’s current pro-independence president, Chen Shui-bian, and reduce the chances that his Democratic Progressive Party will hold the presidency after Mr. Chen’s mandatory retirement.


likely 

adjective

describes something that will probably happen or is expected:
Do remind me because I'm likely to forget.
What's the likely outcome of this whole business?
I suppose that might happen but it's not very likely.
[+ that] It's quite likely that we'll be in Spain this time next year.
INFORMAL "Do you want to join me on a ten-mile run?" "Not likely (= certainly not)!"
NOTE: The opposite is unlikely.
unlikely Phonetic
adjective
not likely:
[+ (that)] It's pretty unlikely (that) they'll turn up now - it's nearly ten o'clock.
He seems an unlikely-looking policeman (= He is not what I expect a policeman to look like).


possible
adjective [+ (that)]
that might or might not happen:
It's possible (that) Mira might turn up tonight.
"Do you think he'll end up in prison?" "It's very possible."
That's one possible solution to the problem.
Compare probable.


mandatory adjective FORMAL
describes something which must be done, or which is demanded by law:
The minister is calling for mandatory prison sentences for people who assault police officers.
Athletes must undergo a mandatory drugs test before competing in the championship.
In 1991, the British government made it mandatory to wear rear seat belts in cars.

man・da・to・ry



  
━━ a., n. 統治を委任された; 命令の, 義務的[上]の; =mandatary.
mandatory administration [rule] 委任統治.
mandate




furlough
noun [C] US
a period of time that a worker or a soldier is allowed to be absent, especially to return temporarily to their own town or country

furlough
verb [T] US
to allow or force someone to be absent temporarily from work:
After safety concerns, the company furloughed all 4000 of it's employees.

 fur・lough



━━ n., vt. 休暇[賜暇(しか)](を与える).
 on furlough 休暇中で.
 furlough slip 一時解雇通知.


furlough
noun [C] US
a period of time that a worker or a soldier is allowed to be absent, especially to return temporarily to their own town or country

furlough
verb [T] US
to allow or force someone to be absent temporarily from work:
After safety concerns, the company furloughed all 4000 of it's employees.

fur・lough



━━ n., vt. 休暇[賜暇(しか)](を与える).
on furlough 休暇中で.
furlough slip 一時解雇通知.



fur·lough (fûr') pronunciation
n.
    1. A leave of absence or vacation, especially one granted to a member of the armed forces.
    2. A usually temporary layoff from work.
    3. A leave of absence from prison granted to a prisoner.
  1. The papers or documents authorizing a leave: The soldiers had their furloughs in their breast pockets.
tr.v., -loughed, -lough·ing, -loughs.
  1. To grant a leave to.
  2. To lay off (workers).
[Alteration of vorloffe, furlogh, from Dutch verlof, from Middle Dutch.]




furlough[fur・lough]

  • 発音記号[fə'ːrlou]
[名][U][C]
1 《軍事》賜暇(しか), 休暇;賜暇認可証
on furlough
休暇で.
▼米陸軍では正式にはleaveを使う;((英))では特に海外勤務する公務員や兵士に与えられるものをいう.
2 一時解雇, レイオフ(layoff).
━━[動](他)
1 …に賜暇[休暇]を与える.
2 〈労働者を〉一時解雇する.
[オランダ語verlof「許可」. △FOR, LEAVE2. -ghは古くはenoughなどと同じく 〔f〕 と発音したが, のちに消えた]




moderator[mod・er・a・tor]

  • 発音記号[mɑ'dərèitər | mɔ'd-]
[名]
1 仲裁者, 調停者.
2 調節器, 調整器
a moderator of passions
激情をなだめるもの.
3 (立法府の会議・公開討論会などの)議長;(クイズ番組や討論会などの)司会者.
4 ((英))(Oxford大学の)第一次学士試験の試験官.
5 《物理学》モデレーター, 減速材[体].
6 (プロテスタントで)長老派教会会議議長.
mod・er・a・tor・shìp
[名]

dominion[do・min・ion]

  • レベル:社会人必須
  • 発音記号[dəmínjən]
[名]
1 [U]((文))支配権[力], 統治権, 主権
havehold] dominion over ...
…を支配する
exercise dominion over ...
…に対して支配権をふるう
be under the dominion of ...
…の支配下にある.
2 [U][C]((文))支配, 統治.
3 ((形式))領地, 領土;(封建領主の)所領
the overseas dominions
海外領土.
4 ((the D-))(もと英連邦内の)自治領.
5 ((〜s))《神学》=domination 2.




ransack[ran・sack]

  • レベル:社会人必須
  • 発音記号[rǽnsæk]
[動](他)
1 …を(…を求めて)くまなく捜す, 捜し求める((for ...))
ransack one's dictionaries for a word
辞書類を片っぱしから調べて1つの語を捜す.
2 〈土地などを〉略奪のためにくまなく捜す, (…を求めて)荒し回る((for ...)).
ran・sack・er
[名]



capacious[ca・pa・cious]

  • 発音記号[kəpéiʃəs]
[形]
1 ((形式))(容量の)大きい;〈部屋などが〉広い, 広々とした
capacious pockets
たくさんはいるポケット
a capacious waistcoat
ゆったりしたチョッキ.
2 包容力のある
a man of capacious mind
心の広い人.
ca・pa・cious・ly
[副]
ca・pa・cious・ness
[名]

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