2016年1月5日 星期二

collate, lingo, metric, bears surface similarities to

As tensions flare between Saudi Arabia and Iran, Erasmus collates the thoughts of activists, academics, and the Ayatollah

A Saudi execution stirs regional rage and pleas for restraint
ECON.ST



A concise dictionary of slang on UK campuses
gulfnews.com
A concise dictionary of slang on UK campuses. Work out what your fellow students are talking about. By Helen Crane, The Guardian; Published: 09:32 December 16, 2012; Gulf News. Student slang is a rapidly changing lingo. In the interests of preserving ...



Groupon's Accounting Lingo Gets Scrutiny Groupon has attracted scrutiny from regulators over a newfangled accounting metric it is using to market itself to investors ahead of its IPO.


The tablet introduced by Barnes & Noble today bears surface similarities to the Nook Color, the bookseller's e-reader. Both devices feature a 7-inch screen and wi-fi capability.




The Oxford Illustrated Jane Austen
6-volume set
Third Edition
Text based on collation of early editions by R. W. Chapman



A guide to griffleys and mallishags... kitchen table lingo to get ...
Daily Mail - UK
Linguists are collating the words in an alternative to the Oxford English Dictionary and are asking members of the public to contribute. ...

Spy Agencies Failed to Collate Clues on Terror
By MARK MAZZETTI and ERIC LIPTON
The National Security Agency intercepted discussions of a plot by leaders of Al Qaeda in Yemen, but spy agencies did not combine the intercepts with other information.



collate Show phonetics
verb [T]
1 FORMAL to bring together different pieces of written information so that the similarities and differences can be seen:
to collate data/information

2 to collect and arrange the sheets of a report, book, etc., in the correct order:
The photocopier will collate the documents for you.


[動](他)
1 ((形式))〈テキストなどを〉(…と)照合する, 突き合わせる((with ...)).
2 〈カードを〉(データ処理で)照合して新しい組み合わせにする.
3 《製本》〈折り丁の〉配列を点検する;〈ページを〉そろえる;〈書物の〉丁調べをする.
4 《教会》…を(聖職給受領者に)任命する.
[ラテン語collātus (col-共に+ferre持ちくる+-tus過去分詞語尾=突き合わせる)]

collation Show phonetics
noun [C or U]
the act or an example of collating
See also collation.


lingo
(lĭng') pronunciation
n., pl., -goes.
  1. Language that is unintelligible or unfamiliar.
  2. The specialized vocabulary of a particular field or discipline: spoke to me in the lingo of fundamentalism. See synonyms at dialect.
[Probably from Portuguese lingoa, from Latin lingua, language.]
WORD HISTORY A look at the entry in the Indo-European roots entry for *dṇghū- will show that the words tongue, language, and lingo are related, all going back to the Indo-European root *dṇghū-, "tongue." The relationship between language and lingo is not particularly surprising given their related meanings and common root, but one might be curious about the routes by which these two words came into English. Language, as did so many of our important borrowings from Latin, passed through French into English during the Middle Ages, the forms involved being Latin lingua, "language," its descendant, Old French langue, and its derivative, langage. Lingo, on the other hand, entered English after the end of the Middle Ages when Europe had opened itself to the larger world. We have probably borrowed lingo from lingoa, a Portuguese descendant of Latin lingua. The Portuguese were great traders before the English were, and the sense "foreign language" was likely strengthened as the Portuguese traveled around the world. Interestingly enough, the first recorded instance of lingo in English is in the New World (1660) in a reference to the "Dutch lingo." The development in sense to "unintelligible language" and "specialized language" is an obvious one.


metric
  • [métrik]
[形]
1 メートル(法)の;〈国・人が〉メートル法を使う[に慣れた]. ⇒IMPERIAL
go metric
メートル法を採用する.
2metrical.
━━[名]
1 測定の基準.
2 《数学》計量, 距離.




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New dictionary includes 'ginormous'
By ADAM GORLICK, Associated Press Writer
Tue Jul 10, 7:33 PM ET



SPRINGFIELD, Mass. - It was a ginormous year for the wordsmiths at Merriam-Webster. Along with embracing the adjective that combines "gigantic" and "enormous," the dictionary publishers also got into Bollywood, sudoku and speed dating.

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But their interest in India's motion-picture industry, number puzzles and trendy ways to meet people was all meant for a higher cause: updating the company's collegiate dictionary, which goes on sale this fall with about 100 newly added words.

As always, the yearly list gives meaning to the latest lingo in pop culture, technology and current events.

There's "crunk," a style of Southern rap music; the abbreviated "DVR," for digital video recorder; and "IED," shorthand for the improvised explosive devices that have become common in the war in Iraq.

If it sounds as though Merriam-Webster is dropping its buttoned-down image with too much talk of "smackdowns" (contests in entertainment wrestling) and "telenovelas" (Latin-American soap operas), consider it also is adding "gray literature" (hard-to-get written material) and "microgreen" (a shoot of a standard salad plant.)

No matter how odd some of the words might seem, the dictionary editors say each has the promise of sticking around in the American vocabulary.

"There will be linguistic conservatives who will turn their nose up at a word like `ginormous,'" said John Morse, Merriam-Webster's president. "But it's become a part of our language. It's used by professional writers in mainstream publications. It clearly has staying power."

One of those naysayers is Allan Metcalf, a professor of English at MacMurray College in Jacksonville, Ill., and the executive secretary of the American Dialect Society.

"A new word that stands out and is ostentatious is going to sink like a lead balloon," he said. "It might enjoy a fringe existence."

But Merriam-Webster traces ginormous back to 1948, when it appeared in a British dictionary of military slang. And in the past several years, its use has become, well, ginormous.

Visitors to the Springfield-based dictionary publisher's Web site picked "ginormous" as their favorite word that's not in the dictionary in 2005, and Merriam-Webster editors have spotted it in countless newspaper and magazine articles since 2000.

That's essentially the criteria for making it into the collegiate dictionary — if a word shows up often enough in mainstream writing, the editors consider defining it.

But as editor Jim Lowe puts it: "Nobody has to use `ginormous' if they don't want to."

For the record, he doesn't.

(諺語)既然要生活,就得從事可以維生的工作。清˙張伯行˙養正類編˙卷十三˙呂得勝小兒語˙四言:既作生人,便有生理,個個安閒,誰養活你?

びん 1 【便】
(1)荷物・手紙などを運ぶこと。また、その手段。つて。
「急行―」「次の―」
(2)都合。ぐあい。
「―あしと思ひて、すりのきたるに/徒然 238」

重油第一便が北朝鮮に到着 韓国統一省明かす
東京新聞 - 8時間前
【ソウル=中村清】韓国統一省によると、北朝鮮核問題をめぐる二月の六カ国協議で合意した核放棄のための「初期段階の措置」で、北朝鮮による核施設の稼働停止・封印の見返りに韓国が提供する重油五万トンのうち、第一便の六千二百トンを積んだタンカーが十四日午前四 ...

重油第1陣が北朝鮮に到着(07/14 11:52) 北海道新聞



じん ぢん 1 【陣】
(1)兵士を配列すること。軍勢を配置すること。また、その隊列。陣形。陣立て。
「鶴翼の―」「背水の―」
(2)戦場で軍勢が集結している所。陣屋。陣営。陣地。
(3)たたかい。いくさ。
「大坂冬の―」
(4)名詞の下に付いて、その集団・むらがりの意を表す。
「教授―」「報道―」
(5)禁中で、衛士の詰め所。また、衛士が列座している所。また、そこに詰めている人。
「春宮のたちはきの―にて/古今(春下・詞)」
(6)宮中で公事が行われる時に、公卿が並んで座した席。陣の座。
「―に夜の設けせよ/徒然 23」
(7)僧の出入り口。
「―の外まで僧都見えず/徒然 238」
――を取・る
(1)陣を構える。軍勢を配置する。
「山の上に―・る」
(2)場所を占める。
「涼しい木陰に―・る」


教育部國語辭典

【陣】阜-7-10

解釋 軍隊作戰時所布置的隊伍行列。史記˙卷八十一˙廉頗藺相如傳:秦人不意趙師 至此,其來氣盛,將軍必厚集其陣以待之。
 戰場。唐˙杜甫˙高都護驄馬行:此馬臨陣久無敵,與人一心成大功。

 量詞。計算事情或動作的單位。多與一連用。如:刮了一陣風、引起一 陣騷動。唐˙韓偓˙懶起詩:昨夜三更雨,今朝一陣寒。 

 表示一段時間。如:他這陣子很忙。

作戰。史記˙卷九十二˙淮陰侯傳:信乃使萬人先行出,背水陣。

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