“To be honest, I’ve not seen this level of advocacy from the scientific
community before,” said Paul Dufour, a fellow at the University of
Ottawa’s Institute for Science, Society, and Policy. 坦白说，我以前在科学界从未见过如此级别的拥护，”渥太华大学科学、社会与政策研究所(University of Ottawa’s Institute for Science, Society, and Policy)的研究员保罗·杜福尔说。
By ANAHAD O'CONNOR
While football tends to dominate the discussion of sports related head injuries, research shows that bike accidents account for far more traumatic brain injuries each year.
U.S.Video: Living in Limbo
A former combat videographer, Kathryn Robinson, describes trying to get her life back on track after her return from Iraq left her with PTSD and thoughts of suicide.
By GINA KOLATA
A large genetic study has identified common glitches involved in schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, autism, major depression and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
By JAMES GORMAN
A major push by advocacy groups could bring a decision to stop lab experiments.
The CDC now says that the disorder affects about 1 in 88 American children and teens.
By BENEDICT CAREY
Study Increases Prevalence of Autism
Nearly 1 in 100 American 8-year-olds struggle with autism, Asperger’s syndrome or a related developmental problem, according to a study that health officials released on Friday.
The estimate is the highest to date of so-called autism spectrum disorders from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, which tracks health trends. The spectrum includes a range of disorders, from severe autism to milder forms like Asperger’s to “pervasive developmental disorder,” a nonspecific diagnosis given to many children with social difficulties or some kinds of learning and sensory problems.
The finding is based on an analysis of medical and school records of some 400,000 children around the country; the researchers did not meet or interview the children.
Prevalence estimates for these disorders have increased so sharply in recent years — to 1 in 150 in 2007, from 1 in 300 in the early 2000s — that scientists have debated whether in fact the disorder is more common, or diagnosed more often as a result of higher awareness.
“A simple explanation is not apparent, and a true increase in risk cannot be ruled out,” Catherine Rice, lead author of the study and a behavioral health scientist at the National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, said in a conference call with reporters.
Advocacy groups said the new numbers confirmed that the disorder was increasing and called for increased financing for research and treatment.
There is no blood test for autism; doctors diagnose it and related disorders by observation and interviews with children and their families, and prevalence estimates vary depending on how studies are done.
The new estimate is about the same as one from a study published in October, which found a rate of slightly more than 1 in 100 children who received a diagnosis. Yet that study, based on a phone survey of 78,000 households, also found that almost 40 percent of the children who had received an autism spectrum diagnosis grew out of it or no longer had the diagnosis.
Even his red squeaky toy can't get U.S. Marine First Sgt. Gunner to fight
Out of the 58 bomb-sniffing dogs the Marines have in Afghanistan, only one—a yellow Lab named Gunner—is suffering from severe canine post-traumatic stress disorder.
Mental Stress Training Is Planned for U.S. Soldiers
By BENEDICT CAREY
A new Army program teaching mental resilience techniques is intended to prevent problems like post-traumatic stress disorder and depression.
noun [U] (ABBREVIATION PTSD) SPECIALIZED
a mental condition in which a person suffers severe anxiety and depression after a very frightening or shocking experience, such as an accident or a war
(簡寫 PTSD) 創傷後壓力症候群
A psychological disorder affecting individuals who have experienced orwitnessed profoundly traumatic events, such as torture, murder, rape, orwartime combat, characterized by recurrent flashbacks of the traumatic event,nightmares, irritability, anxiety, fatigue, forgetfulness, and socialwithdrawal.
China Is Wordless on Traumas of Communists’ Rise
By ANDREW JACOBS
China basked in its 60th anniversary, but there were no solemn pauses for the millions who died during the civil war or were eradicated during Mao’s drive to consolidate power.
noun [C or U]
1 severe emotional shock and pain caused by an extremely upsetting experience:《精神医学》精神的衝撃［外傷］，トラウマ（体験）；（一般に）ショック
the trauma of marriage breakdown
He had psychotherapy to help him deal with his childhood traumas.
2 SPECIALIZED a severe injury, usually caused by a violent attack or an accident
1 If an experience is traumatic, it causes you severe emotional shock and upset:
Some of the most disturbed children had witnessed really traumatic things, such as rape and murder.
2 INFORMAL frightening and causing anxiety:
Don't you find exams traumatic?
traumatize, UK USUALLY traumatise
verb [T usually passive]
She was completely traumatized by the death of her mother.
traumatized, UK USUALLY traumatised Show phonetics
very shocked and upset for a long time:
The whole experience left him traumatized.
二十世紀初 auto+ism 意為自我中心
autism Show phonetics
a failure to develop social abilities, language and other communication skills to the usual level:
Autism is four times more common in boys than in girls.
autistic Show phonetics
One child in 5 000 is autistic.
Autism is a severe disorder of brain function marked by problems with social contact, intelligence and language, together with ritualistic or compulsive behavior and bizarre responses to the environment.
Wikipedia article "Autism"
1 （…の）（公然の）弁護, 支持, 擁護, 支援運動, 推薦, 唱道((of ...))2 弁護士業（務）.
the advocacy of peace
in advocacy of ...