2018年3月27日 星期二

puberty, fortunes, go off, go off the rails, Chekhov’s narrative principle

Witnesses at the blaze in a Russian shopping mall say the fire alarm failed to go off



Chekhov’s narrative principle—that a gun hung on the wall in the first act must eventually go off—has become a metaphorical rule of storytelling. To reflect American reality, Jennifer Clement puts a gun on every wall in every room

Chekhov's gun - Wikipedia

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chekhov%27s_gun

Chekhov's gunChekhov's gun is a dramatic principle that states that every element in a story must be necessary, and irrelevant elements should be removed; elements should not appear to make "false promises" by never coming into play. ... "Remove everything that has no relevance to the story.




“Today, the President of the United States ripped open wounds that have barely begun healing in Charlottesville," CNN's Anderson Coopersaid at the start of his show after President Donald J. Trump's controversial news conference at Trump Tower. http://cnn.it/2x2GiIM

One week after voting to leave the EU, Britain has seldom looked so wildly off the rails


The idea of combining solar power with automaking is a bit like Ford Motors buying ExxonMobil—if both were losing hundreds of millions a year.

The eccentric entrepreneur wants his unprofitable electric carmaker to buy…
TECHNOLOGYREVIEW.COM



“I don’t know if girls can go through puberty any earlier,” says Dr. Frank Biro, who is first author on the study. “We may be approaching a biological minimum.”

Researchers find more children appearing to hit puberty earlier, a concern given the higher associated risks.
ON.WSJ.COM|由 SUMATHI REDDY 上傳




Regarded as a whole, Mann's career is a striking example of the "repeated puberty" which Goethe thought characteristic of the genius. In technique as well as in thought, he experienced far more daringly than is generally realized. In Buddenbrooks he wrote one of the last of the great "old-fashioned" novels, a patient, thorough tracing of the fortunes of a family.





—Henry Hatfield in Thomas Mann, 1962.



go off
https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/go-off

go off

to explode, or to fire bullets: The deer ran away just before the hunter's gun went off.


off the rails. (idiomatic) In an abnormal manner, especially in a manner that causes damage or malfunctioning. (idiomatic) Insane. If someone has gone off the rails, they have lost track of reality.

go off the rails



informal Begin behaving in an uncontrolled or unacceptable way:sport saved them from going off the rails as youngsters
(fortunes) The success or failure of a person or enterprise over a period of time:he is credited with turning round the company’s fortunes







the fortunes of war








The unpredictable events of war:from then on, the fortunes of war favoured the Scots

puberty noun [U] ━━ n. 性的成熟(期), 思春期, 年ごろ.
the stage in a person's life when they develop from a child into an adult because of changes in their body that make them able to have children:
At puberty, pubic hair develops and girls begin to menstruate.

puberty


NOUN

[MASS NOUN]
The period during which adolescents reach sexual maturity and become capable of reproduction:the onset of pubertya particularly traumatic puberty







Derivatives







pubertal

ADJECTIVE

Origin

Late Middle English: from Latin pubertas, from puber 'adult', related to pubes (see pubes).
More
  • Puberty is from Latin pubertas, from puber ‘adult’, related to pubes ‘genitals’ (source of pubic (early 19th century)).
pubescent
adjective
describes someone who is at the stage in their life when they are developing from a child into an adult and becoming able to have children:
pubescent girls/boys





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