2009年5月31日 星期日

founder and flounder, painterly ardor

Obama’s Face (That’s Him?) Rules the Web
By RANDY KENNEDY
Perhaps not since John F. Kennedy has a presidency so fanned the flames of painterly ardor among artists.



In “Only Goodness” Sudha, who is working on her second master’s degree at the London School of Economics, wonders at the bizarre “lack of emotion” in her parents’ marriage, which was “neither happy nor unhappy” and seemingly devoid of both bitterness and ardor, but she finds her own marriage to an Englishman foundering upon her failure to tell him a family secret.



ardor
n.
  1. Fiery intensity of feeling. See synonyms at passion.
  2. Strong enthusiasm or devotion; zeal: “The dazzling conquest of Mexico gave a new impulse to the ardor of discovery” (William Hickling Prescott).
  3. Intense heat or glow, as of fire.

[Middle English ardour, from Old French, from Latin ārdor, from ārdēre, to burn.]



founder Show phonetics
verb [I]
1 (especially of a boat) to fill with water and sink:
The ferry foundered in a heavy storm, taking many of the passengers and crew with it.

2 to be unsuccessful:
Teaching computers to read and write has always foundered on the unpredictable human element in language.

flounder (HAVE DIFFICULTY) Show phonetics
verb [I]
to experience great difficulties or be completely unable to decide what to do or say next:
He lost the next page of his speech and floundered (about/around) for a few seconds.
Although his business was a success, his marriage was floundering.
In 1986 Richardson resigned as chairman, leaving the company floundering.

(from Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary)

founder
v., -dered, -der·ing, -ders. v.intr.
  1. To sink below the surface of the water: The ship struck a reef and foundered.
  2. To cave in; sink: The platform swayed and then foundered.
  3. To fail utterly; collapse: a marriage that soon foundered.
  4. To stumble, especially to stumble and go lame. Used of horses.
  5. To become ill from overeating. Used of livestock.
  6. To be afflicted with laminitis. Used of horses.
v.tr.

To cause to founder.

n.

See laminitis.

[Middle English foundren, to sink to the ground, from Old French fondrer, from Vulgar Latin *funderāre, from *fundus, *funder-, bottom, from Latin fundus, fund-.]

USAGE NOTE The verbs founder and flounder are often confused. Founder comes from a Latin word meaning “bottom” (as in foundation) and originally referred to knocking enemies down; it is now also used to mean “to fail utterly, collapse.” Flounder means “to move clumsily, thrash about,” and hence “to proceed in confusion.” If John is foundering in Chemistry 1, he had better drop the course; if he is floundering, he may yet pull through.

24/7 , webby,widget, chaplain

The Widget
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our lowest fares.

24/7

adv.Slang.

Continuously; unceasingly.

[Short for 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.]

每天24小時日以繼夜,每周7天(連續生產等)。


WordNet: webby
The adjective has one meaning:
Meaning #1: having open interstices or resembling a web
Synonyms: lacy, netlike, netted, webbed, weblike

widget

(wĭj'ĭt) pronunciationn.
  1. A small mechanical device or control; a gadget.
  2. An unnamed or hypothetical manufactured article.

[Perhaps alteration of GADGET.]


Right Click
On the Twittering, Facebooking, widgety frontier of politics, one of the webbiest sites this campaign season was born just a few days ago : a 24/7 online town hall, where voters, via text or video, can help craft their party's platform.
(By Jose Antonio Vargas, The Washington Post)




Modern Love: What is love now, in this age of 24/7 communication, blurred gender roles and new attitudes about sex and dating? We invite college students nationwide to submit a personal essay that illustrates the current state of love and relationships. The winning author will receive $1,000 and his or her essay will be published in a special "Modern Love" column on May 4, 2008 and on NYTimes.com.

Chasing The Sun

Manufacturers have the ability to run 24/7 operations all over the globe. The question: How do they do it successfully?

For many manufacturers, taking advantage of all 168 hours in a workweek is second nature.

****

Ceaseless Society: Is 24/7 Good for Us?
Jon Kabat-Zinn, writer
LS Priyadarshi, Buddhist chaplain, visiting scholar, MIT

Jon Kabat-Zinn, faculty member at UMASS Medical School, Preventive and Behavioral Medicine, and author ofMeditation for Optimum Health,Full Catastrophe Living, andWherever You Go, There You Are, gives an overview of the effects of our 24/7 society and how it affects our mind, body and spirit. Additional comments by The Venerable Tenzin LS Priyadarshi, Buddhist Chaplain and Visiting Scholar, MIT.


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chaplain PhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhonetic Hide phonetics
noun [C]
a Christian official who is responsible for the religious needs of an organization:
the college/hospital/prison chaplain

chaplaincy PhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhonetic Hide phonetics
noun [C]
the job of a chaplain, or a building or office where a chaplain works


chaplain:專職司鐸;小聖堂服務的司鐸:受委任特別為某一團體或某一特殊會眾,經常從事某些牧靈工作的司鐸(法典564),包括(1) 軍中、醫院、學校和團體工作的專任神父(牧師),稱之為隨營司鐸或軍中神父、學校神父,或軍牧、校牧、院牧等;(2) 管理小教堂的專任神父,如國家元首私用小教堂的管理神父,即用此稱謂。

four-time defending champion

Nadal Loses for First Time at French Open

Rafael Nadal, the four-time defending champion, lost to Robin Soderling in the fourth round.

payer, payee,taxpayer

For G.M., a Step Toward Bankruptcy and a New Start

G.M. is expected to file for bankruptcy protection on Monday and put its fate in the hands of President Obama and taxpayers.






payer
n.
  1. One that pays: a prompt payer of bills.
  2. One named responsible for paying a bill or note.
A person who makes a payment to a payee.

officers of color, black police officer.

QUOTATION OF THE DAY
"If you speak with nine out of 10 officers of color they would tell you that when they hear sirens in their head they are thinking: ‘I hope these cops know that I’m one of the good guys.’"
STATE SENATOR ERIC ADAMS, a former police captain in New York, on the perils of being a black police officer.

2009年5月30日 星期六

demon, demonize 妖魔化

党的首脑赵紫阳在这次情绪激动的会议上持反对意见。他警告说,不要把抗议活动妖魔化,抗议群众并非针对社会主义制度,所以赵主张与学生对话。但是邓不想收回他先前的判断,听信了挑动性的言论,最后赵紫阳失败了。"


驻英大使:西方媒体妖魔化中国



波特林:我们希望中国政府最终能够着手改变策略,不要再把达赖喇嘛妖魔化,而是同他进行对话。欧盟各国外长也呼吁中国领导人与达赖喇嘛举行对话,我们又更进了一步,呼吁如果中国领导人不这样做,欧盟代表以及欧盟国家的首脑不要参加北京奥运会开幕式。

demonize

('mə-nīz') pronunciation
tr.v., -ized, -iz·ing, -iz·es.
  1. To turn into or as if into a demon.
  2. To possess by or as if by a demon.
  3. To represent as evil or diabolic: wartime propaganda that demonizes the enemy.
demonization de'mon·i·za'tion (-mə-nĭ-zā'shən) n.


demon:魔鬼;惡魔;邪魔(神)。與 devil 或 satan 同。

demoniac:邪神的;附魔者:指著了魔、被魔鬼控制的人(瑪十1)。

demoniac possession:附魔;鬼附身。


demon

n.
  1. An evil supernatural being; a devil.
  2. A persistently tormenting person, force, or passion: the demon of drug addiction.
  3. One who is extremely zealous, skillful, or diligent: worked away like a demon; a real demon at math.
  4. Variant of daimon.

[Middle English, from Late Latin daemōn, from Latin, spirit, from Greek daimōn, divine power.]

n. - 魔鬼, 極殘忍的人

日本語 (Japanese)

n. - 悪魔, 霊鬼, 悪逆無道な人, ダイモン, 精力家, 達人, 守護神, 鬼のような人


thresh/ thrash, thrash sth out

Still Working, but Making Do With Less
By MICHAEL LUO
For millions of families, the recession has not meant a layoff, but a pay cut that has forced them to thrash through daily calculations.


Negotiations for US-Iraq troop deal continue

The United States and Iraq are still thrashing out a new deal for the presence of US soldiers on Iraqi soil. US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice held a press conference in Baghdad following an unannounced visit for talks with the Iraqi leadership. Rice insisted the protracted negotiations to secure a mandate beyond 2008 were not a sign of a "bad situation". Earlier, Rice said the two sides were very close to finalising a deal. Iraqi officials have previously said they want a new agreement to include a deadline for US forces to withdraw from the country and an end to the immunity of US troops from Iraqi law.






When and where did the power breakfast start? When Talleyrand sat down with Metternich over cafe au lait to thrash out the future of Europe at the Congress of Vienna in 1815? When Hector and Achilles drank nectar before fighting to the death by the light of the rosyfingered dawn?

( Talleyrand : n. - French statesman (1754-1838).



In 1958, when I was still threshing around among my.....


Not just won, buddy, they thrashed 'em。


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thrash sth out phrasal verb [M] INFORMAL
to discuss a problem in detail until you reach an agreement or find a solution:
If we've got an important decision to make, we sometimes spend a whole day thrashing it out in a meeting.



thrash/thresh

thresh PhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhonetic Hide phonetics
verb [I or T] (ALSO thrash)
to remove the seeds of crop plants by hitting them, using either a machine or a hand tool


"Thresh是「打(穀)」,例如:It is laborious to thresh rice by hand(用手打稻十分吃力)。
Thrash把「打穀」的意思引申為「痛擊」;用於運動場上,就是指「大敗(某方)」,例如:
(1) Korea thrashed Japan by seven goals to one(韓國隊以七比一大敗日本隊)。
(2) The father thrashed the lazy child(那懶惰孩子被父親打了一頓)。"

pronunciation

IN BRIEF: To beat severely. Also: To move about in a violent way.

pronunciation The lion thrashed his tail violently, uncertain whether or not to attack.


hacker
thrash

To move wildly or violently, without accomplishing anything useful. Paging or swapping systems that are overloaded waste most of their time moving data into and out of core (rather than performing useful computation) and are therefore said to thrash. Someone who keeps changing his mind (esp. about what to work on next) is said to be thrashing. A person frantically trying to execute too many tasks at once (and not spending enough time on any single task) may also be described as thrashing. Compare multitask.

misplaced, czar, tsar, tzar, cybersecurity, neutrality

President Barack Obama said Friday that cybersecurity is critically important and an area that the U.S. isn't "as prepared as we should be," though he added that he remains supportive of net neutrality.

Obama to Create 'Cyber Czar' Position

President Barack Obama will announce on Friday the creation of a "cyber czar" position, stepping up efforts to better protect the nation's computer networks.

czar, tsar, tzar

━━ n. (時にC-) 帝政ロシア皇帝; (時にC-) 皇帝, 専制君主.
czar・e・vitch
 ━━ n. 帝政ロシア皇太子.
cza・rev・na
 ━━ n. 帝政ロシア皇女[皇太子妃].
cza・ri・na
━━ n. (時にC-) 帝政ロシア皇后.
czar・ism ━━ n. 専制[独裁]政治.
czar・ist ━━ a., n. ロシア皇帝[帝政]の; 独裁の; 帝政支持者; 独裁支持者.

mis・place

━━ vt. 置き誤る; 置き忘れる; (愛情・信用を)不当の人に与える; 時と所を誤る.
mis・placed ━━ a.
mis・place・ment ━━ n. 置き誤り.

misplace Show phonetics
verb [T]
to lose something temporarily by forgetting where you have put it:
She misplaced her keys so often that her secretary used to carry spare ones for her.



f-Laws are subversive epigrams about common management practices.

Systems Theorist Russell L. Ackoff and his co-author Herbert J.
Addison invented the term in 2006 to describe their series of over 100
distilled observations of bad leadership and the misplaced wisdom that
often surrounds management in organizations.



Officials say that is key to understanding why he pushed so hard for a West Side stadium to the detriment of his own standing in polls. Opponents and allies alike theorized that Mr. Bloomberg did so out of misplaced loyalty to his economic development czar, Mr. Doctoroff. But aides said he had come around to Mr. Doctoroff's thinking.

又二
Tweens Love Broadway, but Can’t Save It Alone
By CAMPBELL ROBERTSON
Girls are the demographic of the moment for Broadway producers, but some consider that enthusiasm misplaced.