2009年5月5日 星期二

annal,annals, one-time, periodical


Amazon will unveil a new Kindle e-book reader with features designed to appeal to periodical and academic- textbook publishers.


Egyptian Political Dissident, Imprisoned for Years, Is Suddenly Released

By MICHAEL SLACKMAN
The U.S. and Europe had long pressed for the release of Ayman Nour, a one-time presidential candidate.


annals
pl.n.
A chronological record of the events of successive years.
A descriptive account or record; a history: “the short and simple annals of the poor” (Thomas Gray).
A periodical journal in which the records and reports of a learned field are compiled.
[Latin (librī) annālēs, yearly (books), annals, pl. of annālis, yearly, from annus, year.]

annals━━ n.pl. 年代記; 年譜; 記録; (学会などの)年報, 紀要.
an・nal・ist ━━ n. 年代記編者.




William and Helen McCullough, trs., A Tale of Flowering Fortune: Annals of Japanese Aristocratic Life in the Heian Period I II, (Stanford University Press(平安朝)『繁華物語』

用字注意Tutor's tip: The "annals" (chronicles) of gardening history may be filled with "annuals" (plants living one season) that are gone forever, but nothing "annuls" (obliterates) their one-time beauty.



annals
annals, annalists.
From the beginning of Roman history to 400 BC scarcely any records were kept, but from c.300 BC regular records of magistrates and ‘the most important records’, the so-called annales maximi, were inscribed by the pontifex maximus on the tabulae pontificum, ‘tables of the priests’, displayed outside his official residence.

These tables constituted the first annals, from which Ennius took the title of his historical epic, but for a long time the information they contained was minimal and mainly sacral (names of the magistrates for the year, and records of wars and eclipses, for instance).

The first historians of Rome, the so-called senatorial historians, Fabius Pictor, Cincius Alimentus, Postumius Albinus, and C. Acilius, writing in Greek in the first half of the second century BC, owed very little to the annals and were really continuing the tradition of Hellenistic Greek historical writing (see HISTORIOGRAPHY, GREEK).

Cato the Censor, writing his history of Rome, the Origines, at this time, was also continuing the Greek tradition but writing in Latin. Under his influence the first systematic reconstruction of Roman history based on Roman evidence was made by the ‘old’ annalists Cassius Hemina and Calpurnius Piso, writing in the second half of the second century BC.

Then P. Mucius Scaevola (d. c.115 BC), pontifex maximus in 130, ended the annual display of the annals and authorized their publication, in eighty books, from the earliest times up to his own day, involving for the regal period legendary speculation and for the early republic a reconstruction of events in the light of tradition.

The arrangement of this historical work determined the form adopted by all later Roman historians, including those who, like Valerius Antias and Claudius Quadrigarius, expanded the records in rhetorical style. A few historians, like Licinius Macer and Aelius Tubero, appear to have checked their material, but most annalistic historians like Livy accepted both the narrative form and the content of their sources.

See HISTORIOGRAPHY, ROMAN.


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one-time Show phonetics
adjective
a one-time teacher/doctor/cleaner, etc. someone who was a teacher/doctor/cleaner, etc. in the past:
Duggan, a TV presenter and one-time journalist, made the announcement last week.




periodical PhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhonetic Phonetic PhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhonetic Hide phonetics
noun [C]
a magazine or newspaper, especially on a serious subject, that is published regularly:
She has written for several legal periodicals.

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