2016年10月17日 星期一

chip away, chip in, interject.

California Curbing Bad Habits of Motorists
Rich Pedroncelli/Associated Press
California Curbing Bad Habits of Motorists
The California car has long been a second home, but a batch of new laws is chipping away at that way of life.

Jun 26, 2008 ... Obama to chip away at Clinton debt At closed meeting, former rivals also focus


Mr Ai says the refusal of central leaders to admit policy failures has exacerbated parents’ frustration. In the 1990s, he says, shoddy school buildings were erected across China because of the government’s drive to provide enough classrooms for all children to undergo nine years of compulsory education. Building costs were supposed to be shared by central and local authorities, but the latter often failed to chip in. This led to quality problems.



Congress, which approves the SEC's budget, has often sought to interject itself into the process of drafting accounting rules. In the mid-1990s Congress forced the FASB to back off from a rule requiring the expensing of stock options, a retreat some observers believe laid the groundwork for the backdating scandal that has now ensnared more than 200 companies.



In my weekly CNBC/Times video today, I pulled what I thought would be a brilliant stunt: I’d interview a TV salesman at Best Buy, firing a lot of typical confused-consumer questions at him. Then, during playback of that interview, I’d keep pausing the tape to correct him or interject little asides.

phrasal verbs:
chip away
  1. To reduce or make progress on something incrementally: We chipped away until the problem was solved.
chip in
  1. To contribute money or labor: We all chipped in for beer.
  2. To interrupt with comments; interject.
  3. To put up chips or money as one's bet in poker and other games.

1. Contribute money, help, or advice, as in If we all chip in we'll have enough to buy a suitable gift, or Everyone chipped in with ideas for the baby shower. Mark Twain used this term in Roughing It (1872): "I'll be there and chip in and help, too." [Mid-1800s]

2. In poker and other games, to put up chips or money as one's bet. For example, I'll chip in another hundred but that's my limit or, as Bret Harte put it in Gabriel Conroy (1876): "You've jest cut up thet rough with my higher emotions, there ain't enough left to chip in on a ten-cent ante." [Mid-1800s]

idioms:
chip off the old block
  1. A child whose appearance or character closely resembles that of one or the other parent.
chip on (one's) shoulder
  1. A habitually hostile or combative attitude.
when the chips are down
  1. At a critical or difficult time.
[Middle English, from Old English cyp, beam, from Latin cippus.]


interject
tr.v., -ject·ed, -ject·ing, -jects.
To insert between other elements; interpose. See synonyms at introduce.
[Latin intericere, interiect- : inter-, inter- + iacere, to throw.]
interjector in·ter·jec'tor n.
interjectory in'ter·jec'to·ry (-jĕk'tə-rē) adj.


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