2016年7月3日 星期日

epithet, scab and scum, yeoman’s service


In producing the first comprehensive narrative history of what will surely remain one of the most controversial presidential administrations in U.S. history, Baker has done yeoman’s service. All subsequent writers dealing with the subject will find his book indispensable. 


The opposition group distributes materials denouncing Falun Gong as an evil cult, an epithet that the organization incorporates into its name, the Chinese Anti-Cult World Alliance.

這個反法輪功團體分發的傳單把法輪功斥為「邪教」,這兩個字也出現在了該團體的名稱中:全球華人反邪教聯盟





















Yesterday morning, about 2,000 machinists gathered on the main road leading from the assembly plant in Renton, Wash., where Boeing's 737s are built. During a short march that temporarily shut down traffic on a major street, the workers chanted, waved flags and blew air horns.

Machinist Brad Herrick, 43 years old, brought his three dogs, each wearing "Scab Buster" T-shirts. Mr. Herrick said the company didn't offer a large enough pension increase. He said he was also opposed to paying more for health-care coverage.

Replacements interviewed this week say they do not regret their move, despite being derided as "scabs," "scum*" and more unprintable epithets by the striking Northwest workers, who yell and sometimes spit down at them from sidewalks above the tarmac.


yeoman service

Pronunciation: /ˌjəʊmən ˈsəːvɪs/ 
Efficient or useful help in need:the minister has performed yeoman service for Mulroney


epithet 

Pronunciation: /ˈɛpɪθɛt/ 


NOUN

1An adjective or phrase expressing a quality or attribute regarded as characteristic of the person or thing mentioned:old men are often unfairly awarded the epithet ‘dirty’
1.1An epithet used as a term of abuse:the woman begins to hurl racial epithets at them

Derivatives


epithetic


Pronunciation: /ɛpɪˈθɛtɪk/ 
ADJECTIVE

epithetical


Pronunciation: /ɛpɪˈθɛtɪk(ə)l/ 
ADJECTIVE

epithetically


Pronunciation: /-ˈθɛtɪk(ə)li/ 
ADVERB


Origin

Late 16th century: from French épithète, or via Latin from Greek epitheton, neuter of epithetos'attributed', from epitithenai 'add', from epi 'upon' + tithenai 'to place'.



scab (SKIN COVERING)
noun かさぶた(を生じる); (家畜の)疥癬(かいせん); 【植】腐敗病;
1 [C] a rough surface made of dried blood which forms over a cut or broken skin while it is healing
Compare scar.Drive against sheep scab a success ... so far
Scotsman - United Kingdom
... the Mutton Research Committee, says there is growing interest in top quality mutton at ... highs, which resulted in buyers at best covering their costs, but more ...


I don't have any emotional energy to devote to thay. There is nothing for me that justifies picking on those scabs.
--Andy Grove


2 [U] a plant or animal disease which causes rough areas on the skin

scabby
adjective
a scabby knee
scabby potatoesscab (WORKER)
noun [C] INFORMAL DISAPPROVING 〔話〕 〔非難して〕 非組合員; 〔話〕 スト破り(をする); 〔俗〕 ならず者.
an insulting word for a person who continues working while other people in the organization are on strike


*
scum (IMMORAL PERSON) [Show phonetics]
noun [C or U] plural scum INFORMAL
a very bad or immoral person or group of people:
People who organize dog fights are scum in my opinion!
Those racist scum have been attacking Pakistanis.
His boss treats him like scum (= very badly).
the scum of the earth INFORMAL
the worst type of people that can be imagined:
These men are the scum of the earth.




沒有留言: