2016年11月26日 星期六

cauldron, synod, caldron, excommunicate, regimented. petal, comminate, anathema


cauldron of conflict of interst...




The magnificent Gundestrup cauldron is one of the most important and intriguing finds from ancient Europe and features in our current ‪#‎Celts‬exhibition. On loan from Nationalmuseet, the cauldron reveals connections between communities thousands of miles apart. Although it depicts objects used in central and western Europe, it was found in a bog near Gundestrup in Denmark, beyond the northern edge of the Celtic regions. The style of the designs suggests that it was made further east, in Bulgaria or Romania. The strange animals and cross-legged pose of the antlered figure hint at even wider influences, from as far afield as Asia. The scenes on the panels give a glimpse into a world of ancient myths, and the stories of gods and heroes whose names are now lost http://ow.ly/VR5t8






Vatican begins synod on family life

http://bbc.in/10BWyQJ

Cypriots Feel Betrayed by European Union
By LIZ ALDERMAN
Many Cypriots are shocked and angry at what they consider their economic excommunication from the European project.


At the close of the ceremony, watched in the stadium by the 10,000 athletes and 80,000 spectators, the flame was extinguished in dramatic fashion. Each nation will receive one of the cauldron's 204 petals.



BEIJING — In the wake of a fourth horrific attack on Chinese schoolchildren — this time by a crazed man who on Friday beat five toddlers with a hammer, then set himself on fire with two other children in his arms — this shocked and bruised nation was of two distinctly different minds.
On the Internet and in newspapers, people agonized over whether their tightly regimented society, a boiling caldron of change with no pressure valve to let off steam, was blowing its lid.


An elderly couple in Greece are probably involved in the longest engagement in history. They have spent 52 years together and were excommunicated by the Greek Orthodox church because of the nature of their relationship, are appealing to be allowed a religious wedding before they die. Greece's Holy Synod has promised to examine the landmark case. The couple are challenging a church law, dating back to Roman times, which bans what the clergy regards as "spiritually incestuous" partnerships.

Imam Mohammed emerged from the cauldron of religious politics and internal rivalry that characterized the Black Muslims, as the Nation of Islam members were called, in the 1960s and 1970s.
Following Malcolm X, who was drifting away from black separatism toward traditional Islam when he was assassinated in 1965, Imam Mohammed increasingly favored a nonracial approach to religion, without categorizing white people as devils, as Elijah Muhammad did. His father excommunicated him several times for this dissidence.


A Taste of Failure Fuels an Appetite for Success at South Korea’s Cram Schools

By CHOE SANG-HUN
South Koreans say their obsession to get their children into top-notch universities is nothing short of “a war” and are turning to intense, regimented campuses.



anathema L./Gr. (1) 絕罰。詳見 excommunication (2) 譴責異端;詛咒。


comminate
(KOM-uh-nayt)

verb tr.: To threaten with divine punishment; to curse.
Meaning #1: curse or declare to be evil or anathema or threaten with divine punishment
Synonyms: execrate, anathemize, anathematize, anathematise

Etymology
Back-formation from commination, from com- (intensive prefix) + minari (to threaten). Ultimately from the Indo-European root men- (project), which is also the source of minatory, menace, mountain, eminent, promenade, demean, amenable, and mouth. Earliest recorded use: 1611.

Usage
"I think he deserves comminating, don't you? Nancy said people like that ought to be put down, didn't you, Nancy?" — Mollie Hardwick; Malice Domestic; Fawcett; 1992.


regimented

adjective
too organized and controlled:
a regimented school/society/lifestyle

regimentation
noun [U] DISAPPROVING
extreme organization and control of people






synod

Line breaks: synod
Pronunciation: /ˈsɪnəd , -ɒd/

NOUN

1An assembly of the clergy and sometimes also the laity in a diocese or other division of a particular Church:the deanery synod
2Presbyterian ecclesiastical court above the presbyteries and subject to the General Assembly.

Origin

late Middle English: via late Latin from Greek sunodos'meeting', from sun- 'together' + hodos 'way'.
excommunicate
verb [T]
When the Christian Church, especially the Roman Catholic Church, excommunicates someone, it refuses to give them communion and does not allow them to be involved in the Church.

excommunication:絕罰:屬懲戒罰,舊稱開除教籍、逐出教會、出通功、破門律;與 anathema同。受絕罰者禁止舉行或接受聖事,也不得擔任教會任何職務(法典1331)。
excommunication
noun [C or U]
anathema L./Gr. (1) 絕罰。詳見 excommunication (2) 譴責異端;詛咒。



cauldron, MAINLY US caldron
noun [C] OLD USE OR LITERARY
a large round container for cooking in, usually supported over a firen. - 大釜, 沸騰する釜
also cal·dron n.
    A large vessel, such as a kettle or vat, used for boiling.
  1. A state or situation of great distress or unrest felt to resemble a boiling kettle or vat: a cauldron of conflicting corporate politics.
[Middle English, alteration of cauderon, from Norman French, diminutive of caudiere, cooking pot, from Late Latin caldāria, from feminine of Latin caldārius, suitable for warming, from calidus, warm.]

petal[pet・al]

  • 発音記号[pétl]
[名]《植物》花弁, 花びら.
-al(l)ed
[形]



The lighting of the Olympic cauldron at last night's opening ceremony was, if nothing else, wonderfully unique.
The giant flame's design was so sophisticated the studio where it was crafted looked more like James Bond's gadget workshop, its architect revealed today.
Thomas Heatherwick said he was pleasantly surprised when the idea to have 204 separate petals come together to form one giant flame got the go-ahead from a range of officials including Prime minister David Cameron and London 2012 chairman Lord Coe.
Scroll down for video
Complex: The design of the Olympic cauldron was so sophisticated it was made in a workshop that look more akin to James Bond's gadget workshop
Complex: The design of the Olympic cauldron was so sophisticated it was made in a workshop that look more akin to James Bond's gadget workshop
Spectacular: It may be far smaller and lighter than previous cauldrons, bu there can be no denying the impact the flame had at the opening ceremony
Spectacular: It may be far smaller and lighter than previous cauldrons, bu there can be no denying the impact the flame had at the opening ceremony
Going green: Each of the 204 petals is fuelled by natural gas, which means energy consumption can be reduced significantly and the flame will still burn brightly
Going green: Each of the 204 petals is fuelled by natural gas, which means energy consumption can be reduced significantly and the flame will still burn brightly
Measuring just 8.5 metres high and weighing 16 tonnes, it is far smaller and lighter than ones from previous events. The one lit in Beijing four years ago weighed a staggering 300 tonnes.

Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2180217/Burning-green-Unique-design-Olympic-cauldron-help-make-carbon-neutral.html#ixzz23Qo50YzQ


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hanching chung 提到...

excommunicate (verb: eks-kuh-MYOO-ni-kayt, noun and adj: eks-kuh-MYOO-ni-kit, -kayt)

verb tr.: To formally exclude someone from a group or community, especially from a religious community.
noun: A person who has been excluded in this manner.
adjective: Having been excluded.

Etymology
From Latin excommunicare (to put out of the community), from ex- (out of) + communis (common). Ultimately from the Indo-European root mei- (to change or move) that has also given us commute, mutual, migrate, common, mistake, and immune.

Notes
There's censorship of books, and there is censorship of humans. Excommunication is a fancy word to describe the latter.

Usage
"Aquinas had responded that we ought to die excommunicated rather than violate our conscience." — Fr Joe Borg; Respect and responsibility; The Times (Valletta, Malta); Sep 5, 2010.