2016年6月21日 星期二

vehicle, Illicit, pollutant, upper limits, Emissions control, vehicle emissions testing, primarily if not exclusively

  “It’s really surprising to find pollutants so deep in the ocean at such high concentrations.”


Crustaceans at 10,000 meters contain higher concentrations of chemicals than some animals in coastal waters
SCIENTIFICAMERICAN.COM|由 JANE QIU,NATURE MAGAZINE 上傳



The Economist explains why some illicit drugs are becoming purer.
http://econ.st/16A4dSt

Climate Panel Says Emissions Are Nearing an Upper Limit

Top climate scientists have reinforced the finding that global warming is caused primarily if not exclusively by humans, and is likely to get significantly worse if efforts to limit the emissions are not rapidly accelerated.

 a Torrent of Illicit Cash/


From Elephants' Mouths, an Illicit Trail to China

By DAN LEVIN
Trade in elephant tusks continues to thrive in China, even as conservation groups call on Beijing to do more to crack down on the slaughter of African elephants.


Along U.S.-Mexico Border, a Torrent of Illicit Cash
By JAMES C. McKINLEY Jr. and MARC LACEY
As the U.S. has clamped down on sophisticated money-laundering schemes, drug money is being smuggled the old-fashioned way.
Working paper: Competition and Illicit Quality
Download the PDF. This paper examines the impact of competition on the vehicle emissions testing market, and finds that firm misconduct increases with competitive pressure and the threat of losing customers to rival firms.


E.P.A. Seeks Stricter Rules for Pollutants Causing Smog
By JOHN M. BRODER
If adopted, the standard will impose large costs on local governments and industry but will also bring substantial health benefits.




Tenneco counts $65 million in 2008 orders from Japan
Automotive News - USA
Emissions and ride-control supplier Tenneco Inc. said the amount of new business won from Japanese automakers last year was $65 million, compared with $200 ...

Emissions control
(meteorology) A strategy for reducing or preventing atmospheric pollution, such as a catalytic converter used for pollutant removal from automotive exhaust.

Ride control is a general car term for how the vehicle handles on the road, e.g. how it corners, how it responds to wind, road conditions, etc.


pollutant

Pronunciation: /pəˈl(j)uːt(ə)nt/ 


NOUN

A substance that pollutes something, especially water or the atmosphere:chemical pollutants[AS MODIFIER]: pollutant gases
n.
Something that pollutes, especially a waste material that contaminates air, soil, or water.


emission

Syllabification: (e·mis·sion)
Pronunciation: /iˈmiSHən/
Translate emission | into French | into German | into Italian | into Spanish





noun

  • the production and discharge of something, especially gas or radiation:the effects of lead emission on health cuts in carbon dioxide emissions
  • an ejaculation of semen.

Origin:

late Middle English (in the sense 'emanation'): from Latin emissio(n-), from emiss- 'sent out', from the verb emittere (see emit)


il·lic·it (ĭ-lĭs'ĭt) pronunciation

adj.
  1. Not sanctioned by custom or law; unlawful.
  2. Linguistics. Improperly formed; ungrammatical.
[Latin illicitus : in-, not; see in-1 + licitus, lawful; see licit.]
[形]禁制の, 是認されない, 無免許の;不法[違法]の
illicit liquor
密造酒
illicit intercourse
姦通(かんつう), 不義.
illicitly il·lic'it·ly adv.
illicitness il·lic'it·ness n.






vehicle

Line breaks: ve¦hicle
Pronunciation: /ˈviːɪk(ə)l
  
/





NOUN


1A thing used for transporting people or goods, especially on land, such as a car, lorry, or cart:the vehicle was sent skidding across the roada heavy goods vehicle
2A thing used to express, embody, or fulfil something:I use paint as a vehicle for my ideas
2.1A substance that facilitates the use of a drug, pigment, or other material mixed with it:casein was used as a vehicle for pigments by the medieval painters
3A film, television programme, song, etc. that is intended to display the leading performer to the best advantage:a vehicle for a star who was one of Hollywood’s hottest properties
4A privately controlled company through which an individual or organization conducts a particular kind of business, especially investment.

Origin

early 17th century: from French véhicule or Latinvehiculum, from vehere 'carry'.




Derivatives





vehicular


Pronunciation: /vɪˈhɪkjʊlə/
ADJECTIVE




(▼発音注意)[名]((主に形式))
1 (車・バス・トラックなど通例陸上の)輸[運]送手段,車両
army vehicles
軍用車
passenger vehicle
乗用車
public vehicles
公共の乗り物.
2 (…の)伝達手段,媒介物,媒体((of, for ..., to do));(目的達成のための)手段((for ...))
a vehicle of disease
病気の媒体.
3 修辞学隠喩の主語がたとえられる事物または概念.
4 (薬を飲みやすくするための)賦形(ふけい)剤.
5 (絵の具をのばすための)展色剤.
6 (…の)役者の才能をいかすように書かれた劇((for ...)).
[ラテン語vehiculum (vehere運ぶ+-cle=小さな運ぶもの). △VEXVECTOR

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