2016年5月11日 星期三

even, uneven, ukiyo-e, fertile ground, catch on, come through

It’s worth recalling that what brought Hokusai and other ukiyo-e printmakers to the attention of Monet, Degas, Cassatt, and Lautrec were trade deals, on uneven terms, between Japan and the West. 


Uneven Rise for Groupon in Japan



Food Companies Try, but Can’t Guarantee Safety 
By MICHAEL MOSS
Makers of processed foods have increased their efforts to eliminate pathogens, but the results have been uneven.



But for this listener at least, the prime attraction comes right at the top: Schubert’s C minor Sonata (D. 958), one of the three great “late” sonatas written in September 1828, some three months before his death at 31. For it is especially in the works of Schubert, even the more uneven early ones, that Ms. Uchida’s musical depth comes through.


ukiyo-e 

Pronunciation: /uːˌkiːjəʊˈeɪ/ 

NOUN

[MASS NOUN]
A school of Japanese art depicting subjects from everyday life, dominant in the 17th-19th centuries.

Origin

Japanese, from ukiyo 'fleeting world' 浮世 + e 'picture'.


uneven
adj.-er-est.
    1. Not equal, as in size, length, or quality.
    2. Having ill-matched opponents: an uneven contest.
  1. Not consistent or uniform: an uneven color.
  2. Not smooth or level: the uneven surface of a cobblestone road. See synonyms at rough.
  3. Not straight or parallel: uneven margins.
  4. Of, relating to, or being an odd number.
  5. Obsolete. Not fair or equitable.
unevenly un·e'ven·ly adv.
unevenness un·e'ven·ness n.



even1
ˈiːv(ə)n/
adjective
  1. 1.
    flat and smooth.
    "prepare the site, then lay an even bed of mortar"
    synonyms:flatsmoothuniform, featureless, unbrokenundamagedunwrinkled;More
  2. 2.
    equal in number, amount, or value.
    "an even gender balance among staff and students"
    synonyms:leveldrawntied, all square, balanced, on a par, on an equal footing;More
verb
  1. 1.
    make or become even.
    "she cut the hair again to even up the ends"
    synonyms:flatten, make flat, make level, level, level off, level out, smooth, smooth out, smooth off, make flush, plane, make uniform, make regular More
adverb
  1. 1.
    used to emphasize something surprising or extreme.
    "they have never even heard of the United States"
    synonyms:surprisingly, unexpectedly, paradoxically, though it may seem strange,believe it or not, as it happens
    "even the best hitters missed the ball"



Origin of EVEN

Middle English, from Old English efen; akin to Old High German eban even
First Known Use: before 12th century

Related to EVEN

Synonyms
exactflatpreciseround
Antonyms
bumpycoarselumpyroughunevenunsmoothed

Synonym Discussion of EVEN

levelflatplaneevensmooth mean having a surface without bends, curves, or irregularities.level applies to a horizontal surface that lies on a line parallel with the horizon level
>. flat applies to a surface devoid of noticeable curvatures, prominences, or depressions flat>. plane applies to any real or imaginary flat surface in which a straight line between any two points on it lies wholly within that surface plane sides of a crystal>. even applies to a surface that is noticeably flat or level or to a line that is observably straight even>. smooth applies especially to a polished surface free of irregularities smooth skating rink>.

steadyevenequable mean not varying throughout a course or extent. steady implies lack of fluctuation or interruption of movement <steady progress>even suggests a lack of variation in quality or character even distribution>. equable implies lack of extremes or of sudden sharp changes equable temper>.


come through (sth) (DIFFICULT SITUATION) phrasal verb
to manage to get to the end of a difficult or dangerous situation:
We've had some hard times, but we've come through.

come through (INFORMATION) phrasal verb
If a piece of information or a document comes through, you receive it:
Have the test results come through yet?
My visa still hasn't come through.
come through (EMOTION) phrasal verb
If an emotion comes through, other people can notice it:
His nervousness came through when he spoke.

New York Times
The deal-sharing service has found fertile ground in Japan, catching on even in places like Niigata that typically go unexplored by foreign corporations. ...





catch on

1. Understand, as in Aunt Mary doesn't catch on to any jokes. The verb to catch alone was used with this meaning from Shakespeare's time, on being added in the late 1800s. Also see get it, def. 2.
2. Become popular, as in This new dance is really beginning to catch on. [Late 1800s]


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