2009年3月7日 星期六

Cult of Charisma Mandate, charism, recompense, electorate


Examining the Charisma Mandate

A “cult of personality” helped presidents like John F. Kennedy be effective. But it has some built-in problems.



Unlike the tycoons involved with accumulators, however, this group is not particularly embarrassed to be associated with the loss—quite the opposite. They want recompense, and have begun holding vigils outside of Bank of China Hong Kong, DBS, and Dah Sing Bank, three of the largest sellers. The political heat is growing on the banks and the local government.



Chia-hung Tsai, an associate research fellow at National Chengchi University's Election Study Center, observes that because of Ma's personal charisma, he was able to separate his performance from that of the city government during his term as Taipei mayor. Even if city dwellers were dissatisfied with the way their city was being administered, they still were willing to support the mayor.

政大選研中心副研究員蔡佳泓指出,台北市長任內的馬英九因個人魅力強,市長與市政團隊的表現能脫勾處理,人民儘管不滿意市政,但對市長仍給予肯定。

"Now that he's reached the Office of the President, however, the structure of the constituency he faces is different and the demands of the electorate more complex. Unlike during his term as Taipei mayor, Ma cannot separate himself from the performance of his Cabinet team," Tsai notes.

「進入總統府這階段,他面對的選民結構不同、人民需求更複雜,他無法像台北市長任內,自外於行政團隊的表現,」蔡佳泓分析。



charisma PhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhonetic Hide phonetics
noun [U]
a special power which some people possess naturally which makes them able to influence other people and attract their attention and admiration:
On screen Garbo had this great charisma so that you couldn't take your eyes off her.
How did a man of so little personal charisma get to be prime minister?


n., pl. -ma·ta (-mə-tə).
    1. A rare personal quality attributed to leaders who arouse fervent popular devotion and enthusiasm.
    2. Personal magnetism or charm: a television news program famed for the charisma of its anchors.
  1. Christianity. An extraordinary power, such as the ability to perform miracles, granted by the Holy Spirit.

[Greek kharisma, divine favor, from kharizesthai, to favor, from kharis, favor.]





charismatic PhoneticPhonetic
adjective
Few were able to resist this charismatic and persuasive leader.






charism:神恩;奇恩;特恩;恩賜:指天主聖神賜與人特別的恩寵之禮物,如治病、顯奇蹟、說異語等(格前十二;羅十二6-8)。可稱 charismatic gifts,又稱 charismata 或 charisma(L./ Gr.)。

Religious meaning

A charism (plural: charismata. From the Greek, charis - grace; the divine influence on the receiver's heart, and its reflection in his or her life.[1]) is a power, generally of a spiritual nature, believed to be a freely given gift by the grace of God.






mandate PhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhonetic Hide phonetics
noun [C usually singular]
1 the authority given to an elected group of people, such as a government, to perform an action or govern a country:
At the forthcoming elections, the government will be seeking a fresh mandate from the people.
[+ to infinitive] The president secured the Congressional mandate to go to war by three votes.

2 SPECIALIZED the name of an area of land which has been given to a country by the UN, following or as part of a peace agreement

mandate PhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhonetic Hide phonetics
verb [T]
1 to give official permission for something to happen:
The UN rush to mandate war totally ruled out any alternatives.

2 MAINLY US to order someone to do something:
[+ to infinitive] Our delegates have been mandated to vote against the proposal at the conference.

━━ n. 命令(書), 指令(書); (普通単数形で) 権限委託; 【史】委任統治(領); (法王からの)聖職叙任命令, (選挙区民から議員にだす)要求.
━━ vt. 統治を委任する; 権限を付与する; 要求する; 委任統治領にする.
man・da・ta・ry
 ━━ n. 受任者[国]; 委任統治国.
man・da・to・ry
 ━━ a., n. 統治を委任された; 命令の, 義務的[上]の; =mandatary.
mandatory administration [rule] 委任統治.

Mandatum(L.):(1)委任狀;命令:教宗所頒。(2)洗足禮:於聖週星期四建立聖體日舉行的禮儀(若十三4-17)。In civil law, "a delivery of goods to have some service performed about them by the bailee without recompense." 84 S.E. 33, 35.

recompense Show phonetics
noun [U] FORMAL
a present given to someone to thank them for their help, or payment given to someone because of inconvenience or because of the loss of or damage to their property:
I received £500 from the local council in recompense for the damage to my garden.

recompense Show phonetics
verb [T] FORMAL
The court awarded the women $100 000 each to recompense them for nine years of lost wages.


personality cult noun [C] DISAPPROVING
officially organized admiration and love for a particular person, especially a political leader

Definition

elect Show phonetics
verb [T]
1 to decide on or choose, especially to choose a person for a particular job, by voting:
The Government is elected for a five-year term of office.
[+ as + noun] We elected him as our representative.
[+ noun] She was elected Chair of the Board of Governors.
[+ to infinitive] The group elected one of its members to be their spokesperson.

2 FORMAL elect to do sth to choose to do a particular thing:
She elected to take early retirement instead of moving to the new location.

the elect plural noun
1 FORMAL in the Bible, people who are chosen by God

2 HUMOROUS any group of people who have been specially chosen for their particular qualities

-elect Show phonetics
suffix
president-elect/prime minister-elect, etc. the person who has been voted to be president, prime minster, etc. but has not yet started work:
The President-elect has been preparing to take office in January.
Compare designate.

electable Show phonetics
adjective
Clinton's youthful image made him an extremely electable candidate.

election Show phonetics
noun [C or U]
a time when people vote in order to choose someone for a political or official job:
The Government is expected to call an election (= allow the country to vote) very soon.
Local government elections will take place in May.
The first election results have started to come in.
See also by-election; general election.

electioneering Show phonetics
noun [U] MAINLY DISAPPROVING
the activity of trying to persuade people to vote for a particular political party:
The M.P.'s speech was dismissed by her opponents as crude electioneering.

elective Show phonetics
adjective FORMAL
voted for or chosen:
an elective office
elective surgery

elector Show phonetics
noun [C]
a person who votes:
At this election many eighteen-year-olds will become electors for the first time.

electoral Show phonetics
adjective [before noun]
relating to an election:
the electoral system
electoral law/reform/gains/defeat

electorally Show phonetics
adverb

electorate Show phonetics
group noun [C usually singular]
all the people who are allowed to vote:
The present voting system distorts the wishes of the electorate.


沒有留言: