2016年9月11日 星期日

spleen, monism, mammon, multiplicity, malady

One of the world’s largest refugee populations is being driven out of Pakistan



The age of great men is going; the epoch of the ant-hill, of life in multiplicity, is beginning. The century of individualism, if abstract equality triumphs, runs a great risk of seeing no more true individuals. By continual leveling and division of labor, society will become everything and man nothing.

As the floor of valleys is raised by the denudation and washing down of the mountains, what is average will rise at the expense of what is great. The exceptional will disappear. A plateau with fewer and fewer undulations, without contrasts and without oppositions, such will be the aspect of human society. The statistician will register a growing progress, and the moralist a gradual decline: on the one hand, a progress of things; on the other, a decline of souls. The useful will take the place of the beautiful, industry of art, political economy of religion, and arithmetic of poetry. The spleen will become the malady of a leveling age.

Matthew 6:24

King James Version (KJV)
24 No man can serve two masters: for either he will hate the one, and love the other; or else he will hold to the one, and despise the other. Ye cannot serve God and mammon. 
沒有人能事奉兩個主人:他或是要恨這一個,而愛那一個,或是依附這一個而輕忽那一個。 你們不能事奉天主而又事奉錢財。





multiplicity


Definition of multiplicity

noun (plural multiplicities)

  • a large number or variety:the demand for higher education depends on a multiplicity of factors

Origin:

late Middle English: from late Latin multiplicitas, from Latin multiplex (see multiplex)



Mammon

Pronunciation: /ˈmamən/

Definition of Mammon
noun
[mass noun]
  • wealth regarded as an evil influence or false object of worship and devotion: others have forsaken Mammon in search of something on a more spiritual plane
Derivatives

Mammonism
noun
Mammonist
noun

Origin:

late Middle English: via late Latin from New Testament Greek mamōnas (see Matt. 6:24, Luke 16:9–13), from Aramaic māmōn 'riches'. The word was taken by medieval writers as the name of the devil of covetousness, and revived in this sense by Milton.

The Monist

Volume 24, Issue 1, January 1914

Frederick G. Henke
Pages 17-34
DOI: 10.5840/monist191424117
Wang Yang Ming, a Chinese Idealist

monism

Line breaks: mon¦ism
Pronunciation: /ˈmɒnɪz(ə)m, ˈməʊ-/
noun
Philosophy &Theology
  • 1A theory or doctrine that denies the existence of a distinction or duality in a particular sphere, such as that between matter and mind, or God and the world.
  • 1.1The doctrine that only one supreme being exists. Compare with pluralism.

Derivatives

monist
noun & adjective


monistic


Pronunciation: /-ˈnɪstɪk/
adjective

Origin

mid 19th century: from modern Latin monismus, from Greek monos 'single'.

Definition of spleen
noun
  • 1 Anatomy an abdominal organ involved in the production and removal of blood cells in most vertebrates and forming part of the immune system.




Derivatives
spleenful
adjective

Origin:

Middle English: shortening of Old French esplen, via Latin from Greek splēn; sense 2 derives from the earlier belief that the spleen was the seat of bad temper



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