2016年12月22日 星期四

vestal, klapmuts, Web IQ



Pew put some of its survey questions online, so you can test your Internet knowledge against the average American.
http://qz.com/302847/everybody-knows-who-bill-gates-is-but-nobody-knows-what-www-means


A Garland of Treasures: Masterpieces of Precious Crafts in the Museum Collection
【Washer in the shape of petals with ladies in underglaze blue】Gallery: 205 (Northern Branch)
17th century
文物賞析:
  這件作品是十七世紀外銷荷蘭貿易瓷中的一種類型,倒扣之後很像當時流行的絨帽,因此讓荷蘭商人直接以帽子的名稱「klapmuts」稱呼這種器形的瓷器。整件作品有一道寬折沿花邊,從沿邊到器內弧形壁面的裝飾紋樣共分成六等份,三格畫庭園仕女小景,三格畫牡丹花叢,格子之間間飾卍字與尖角帶紋。反面折沿下畫六個帶雙向卷枝的朵花圖案,外周壁同樣分六格,內繪如意雲頭紋,胎骨堅緻潔白。
  在造型之外,這種內外弧形壁面的分格作法,類似「卡拉克」瓷的風格,刻意拉長身軀比例的仕女正是十七世紀以來風靡歐洲市場的「修長伊莉莎白」樣貌,反映出皇室收藏中同時包含有貿易瓷的有趣面向。
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http://gotheborg.com/glossary/klapmuts.shtml

Klapmuts

"Klapmuts" is Dutch and basically means a cap or a hat of a particular shape. The klapmuts was the standard 17th century headgear of the Dutch poor. The less expensive was made out of wool while the more expensive was fashioned of beaver felt.
The shape of this hat is the source of the name for the typical Dutch market soup bowl of the late Ming dynasty, typically inKraak decoration.
While Chinese food bowls are typically held in one hand while eating the prepared and cutup food with chopsticks, European etiquette prescribed the use of knife for cutting up the food yourself and a large spoon, for soups. For this reason a new bowl shape with a rim for resting the spoon was needed. This shape was eventually developed into what we know as a deep plate.
The rims are in sources explained as for condiments such as mustard while others mention them as for disposing of bones and similar onto.


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'How happy is the blameless vestal’s lot!
The world forgetting, by the world forgot.
Eternal sunshine of the spotless mind!
Each pray’r accepted, and each wish resign’d' - Eloisa to Abelard by Alexander Pope who was born on this day in 1688.




Eloisa to Abelard - Poetry Foundation

www.poetryfoundation.org/poem/174158

From Abelard it came,. And Eloisa yet must kiss the name. Dear fatal name! rest ever unreveal'd,. Nor pass these lips in holy silence seal'd. Hide it, my heart, ...






vestal 

Pronunciation: /ˈvɛst(ə)l/ 



ADJECTIVE

1Relating to the Roman goddess Vesta:a vestal temple
1.1literary Chastepure.

NOUN

1.1literary A chaste woman, especially a nun.

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