2016年9月14日 星期三

subpoena, abacus, legal woes, unnamed,


Wells Fargo Subpoenaed in Sham Account Inquiries 



Goldman Faces New Legal Woes: Goldman Sachs's mortgage woes are far from over. In 2010, the Wall Street investment bank paid $550 million to settle a civil fraud suit brought by the Securities and Exchange Commission. The S.E.C. accused Goldman of creating a mortgage product called Abacus 2007-AC1 that was intended to fail. On Tuesday, the firm disclosed in a regulatory filing that it had received more subpoenas related to Abacus and other collateralized debt obligations that it made during the mortgage boom. Goldman has previously revealed that the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority and the Financial Services Authority in Britain are looking into Abacus. The firm on Tuesday said that it had received subpoenas from other unnamed regulators in connection to Abacus and other C.D.O.'s. In a filing in late March, the firm disclosed only that it had received requests for information from unnamed regulators. A subpoena is a more serious step.

subpoena
səˈpiːnə/
LAW
noun
  1. 1.
    a writ ordering a person to attend a court.
    "a subpoena may be issued to compel their attendance"
verb
  1. 1.
    summon (someone) with a subpoena.
    "the Queen is above the law and cannot be subpoenaed"

abacus

abacus
(Click to enlarge)
abacus
(© School Division, Houghton Mifflin Company)
(ăb'ə-kəs, ə-băk'əs) pronunciation
n., pl., ab·a·cus·es, or ab·a·ci (ăb'ə-sī', ə-băk'ī').
  1. A manual computing device consisting of a frame holding parallel rods strung with movable counters.
  2. Architecture. A slab on the top of the capital of a column.
[Middle English, from Latin, from Greek abax, abak-, counting board, perhaps from Hebrew 'ābāq, dust.]
WORD HISTORY The adjective dusty, with its connotations of disuse and age, might seem an appropriate word to describe the abacus, since this counting device was used for solving arithmetical problems in the days before calculators and computers. Originally the abacus was, in fact, dusty. The source of our word abacus, the Greek word abax, probably comes from Hebrew 'ābāq, "dust," although the details of transmission are obscure. In postbiblical usage 'ābāq meant "sand used as a writing surface." The Greek word abax has as one of its senses "a board sprinkled with sand or dust for drawing geometric diagrams." This board is a relative of the abacus with movable counters strung on rods that is familiar to us. The first use of the word abacus, recorded in Middle English in a work written before 1387, refers to a sand-board abacus used by the Arabs. The difference in form between the Middle English word abacus and its Greek source abax is explained by the fact that Middle English borrowed Latin abacus, which came from the Greek genitive form (abakos) of abax.


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